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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 11, 2022

New architecture of leaf-tents in American oil palms (Elaeis oleifera) used by Pacific tent-making bat (Uroderma convexum) in Panama

  • Patrick Cvecko ORCID logo EMAIL logo , Stefan D. Brändel , Thomas Hiller ORCID logo , Andreas Rose ORCID logo , Jan P. Bechler , Rachel A. Page and Marco Tschapka
From the journal Mammalia


In this study, we report for the first time the use of the American oil palm (Elaeis oleifera) as roost by the Neotropical Pacific tent-making bat (Uroderma convexum). Palms with tent roosts consisting of modified leaves were found within the semi-deciduous lowland rainforest in Panama. We present detailed information on a new style of leaf modifications and compare these to tent architectures in other palm species used by U. convexum.

Corresponding author: Patrick Cvecko, Institute of Evolutionary Ecology and Conservation Genomics, University of Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, D-89069 Ulm, Germany; and Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado, 0843-03092, Balboa Ancón, Panama, E-mail:

Funding source: Elisabeth Kalko-Foundation

Award Identifier / Grant number: 1501

Funding source: German Academic Exchange Service (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst)

Award Identifier / Grant number: 501100001654

Funding source: German Science Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft)

Award Identifier / Grant number: TS81/6-1

Funding source: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute


The authors thank two anonymous reviewers and the editors for their constructive comments and detailed revision of the manuscript.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: This study was supported by the Elisabeth Kalko-Foundation, the short-term grants for PhD students of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), the German Science Foundation (DFG) and by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute internship program.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest regarding this article.

  4. Research ethics: All applicable international, national, and institutional guidelines for the use of animals were followed. Data collection was approved by the Panamanian Government (MiAmbiente SE/A-75-13, SE/A-69-14, SE/A-12-18) and the Smithsonian’s Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC 2013-0401-2016, 2016-0627-2019). No animals were handled during this study.


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Received: 2021-05-14
Accepted: 2022-01-21
Published Online: 2022-03-11
Published in Print: 2022-07-26

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