In April 2019, 15 (10♂, 5♀) Kerivoula bats were collected by harp traps from Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province, China. External and craniodental examination, multivariate statistical analyses and molecular phylogenetic inference (CoI, Cytb and Rag2 gene markers) indicated they are Kerivoula kachinensis and Kerivoula titania, respectively. Former represents a new chiropteran record from China, while the latter is a valid occurrence of K. titania in this region because recent study indicate a misidentification of “K. titania” in Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan, China. All specimens are presently preserved at Key Laboratory of Conservation and Application in Biodiversity of South China in Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China. Nowadays, four woolly bats occur in China including, Kerivoula furva, K. kachinensis, Kerivoula picta and K. titania, whilst there is a risk of underestimation the actual species diversity in China region when comparing those of neighboring region such as Vietnam. Supports for field survey need to be continued in future.
Funding source: National Natural Science Foundation of China
Award Identifier / Grant number: 31970394
Award Identifier / Grant number: 32192421
Funding source: The Special Foundation for National Science and Technology Basic research program of China
Award Identifier / Grant number: 2021FY100303
Funding source: Biodiversity Investigation in Xishuangbanna National Nature Reserve, Biodiversity Investigation, Observation, and Assessment Program (2019-2023) of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of China
Award Identifier / Grant number: 8-2-3-4-5
Funding source: Science-Technology Basic Condition Platform from the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China
Award Identifier / Grant number: 2005DKA21402
Funding source: Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Special Fund (Biodiversity Monitoring and Network Construction Along Lancang-Mekong River Basin Project)
The authors thank National Nature Reserve Administration of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture for their guides and help during the field survey.
Author contributions: Wenhua Yu and Yi Wu designed the study; Zhenglanyi Huang, Shuo Liu, Song Li, and Yi Wu collected materials for the study; Wenhua Yu, Chuyan Lin, Zhenglanyi Huang, and Yi Wu performed morphometric and phylogenetic analyses; Wenhua Yu, Chuyan Lin, and Yi Wu interpreted the results and prepared the manuscript, photographs, and figures for the study. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
Research funding: This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31970394, 32192421), the Special Foundation for National Science and Technology Basic research program of China [2021FY100303], the Biodiversity Investigation in Xishuangbanna National Nature Reserve, Biodiversity Investigation, Observation, and Assessment Program (2019–2023) of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of China (8-2-3-4-5), the Science-Technology Basic Condition Platform from the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China (2005DKA21402), and Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Special Fund (Biodiversity Monitoring and Network Construction Along Lancang-Mekong River Basin Project).
Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.
Research ethics: Permission for field surveys and samples collection in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province, China were granted by the Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve Administration. Research ethics permits were provided by Scientific Research Local Ethics Committee of Guangzhou University.
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