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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 16, 2023

The name-bearing type is essential for the objective identification of a taxonomic name: the message from the lectotypification of Lemmus obensis bungei

  • Boris Kryštufek EMAIL logo and Georgy I. Shenbrot
From the journal Mammalia


We looked at lectotype designations by Baranova and Gromov from among syntypes in the Mammal Collection of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ZIN) in St. Petersburg, Russia. We identified 20 lectotypifications, published in 2003, which do not accord to Articles 74.7.3 and/or 74.1.3 of the Code and are therefore invalid. Particularly instructive is the case of Lemmus obensis bungei Vinogradov, B.S. (1924). Two new interesting lemmings from Siberia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 9: 186–188, since its syntypes originated from two allopatric phylogenetic lineages which were classified as distinct nominal taxa. Because the act of lectotypification by Baranova and Gromov does not contain an express statement of deliberate designation as is requested by the amended Article 74.7.3 of the Code, their designation is not valid. To secure the nomenclatural stability of Siberian lemmings we designate voucher ZIN 11,025 (skin and skull from Sagastyr Island) as the lectotype of Lemmus obensis bungei. The name bungei thus defined is a junior synonym of Lemmus lemmus sibiricus (Kerr, R. (1792). The animal kingdom […] of the celebrated Sir Charles Linnæus. Class I. Mammalia, J. Murray, London) with a range at the shores of the Arctic Ocean, between the Northern Dvina and Lena Rivers. We furthermore provide a list of all invalid lectotypifications of hamsters (Cricetinae) and voles (Arvicolinae) based on ZIN syntypes.

Corresponding author: Boris Kryštufek, Slovenian Museum of Natural History, Prešernova 20, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia; and Science and Research Centre Koper, MIOS, Garibaldijeva 1, SI-6000 Koper, Slovenia, E-mail:

Funding source: Slovenian Research Agency

Award Identifier / Grant number: PSF-PR-0614


We thank two anonymous referees for their help in improving the manuscript.

  1. Author contributions: BK conceptualized the study and led the writing; GIS commented the draft; both authors read and approved the manuscript.

  2. Research funding: The study received funding support from Slovenian Research Agency through research core funding no. PSF-PR-0614 (B.K.).

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare thatthey have no conflicts of interest regarding this article.

  4. Research ethics: Both authors confirm that this research was conducted under the ethical guidelines of their host institutions, and that scientific best practices have been followed in all aspects of the research.


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Received: 2023-01-19
Accepted: 2023-03-02
Published Online: 2023-03-16
Published in Print: 2023-05-25

© 2023 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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