Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 23, 2021

Manufacturing of Al-Li-Si3N4 metal matrix composite for weight reduction

Raju Kandasamy

Assistant Professor Raju Kandasamy, born 1980, is a PG holder of Manufacturing Engineering working in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at M. Kumarasamy College of Engineering, Karur, Tamilnadu from 2015 untill today. He has guided undergraduate students over ten years of teaching experience. He is also a research scholar persuing his PhD degree in the area of manufacturing and testing of composite materials under Anna University, Chennai.

and Balakrishnan Marimuthu

Associate Prof. Dr. Balakrishnan Marimuthu, born 1976, is working at M. Kumarasamy College of Engineering, Thalavapalayam, Karur, Tamil Nadu, India. From 1991 to 1994, he achieved his Diploma in Mechanical Engineering at the Al-Ameen Institute of Technology, Erode, India, and from 2000 to 2004, he worked on his BEng degree in Mechanical Engineering at the Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, India. He also achieved an MEng degree at the Government College of Engineering, Salem, India from 2004 to 2006. In 2014, he achieved his PhD in Manufacturing Engineering at the Annamalai University Annamalai, Nagar, India. He did his Post-Doctoral research in the Institute of Sustainability Innovations in Structural Engineering (ISISE), at the university of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal from September 2017 to August 2018.

EMAIL logo
From the journal Materials Testing

Abstract

The present analysis was aimed to identify the properties of Al 2024 composite reinforced with lithium and silicon nitride to make it applicable for automobiles, sports and aerospace applications. An effort was made to reduce the density and increase the hardness and impact properties of aluminum 2024 matrix with individual and multiple reinforcements using the double casting method under non-reactive environment. Aluminum alloy matrices with lithium, silicon nitride and the combination of both were fabricated. The microstructure, density, hardness and impact strength properties of the fabricated aluminum metal matrices were analyzed. The microstructure study reveals the uniform dispersion of reinforcements in the matrix alloy. From the results, it is understood that the hardness and impact toughness increase with the addition of silicon nitride. Density is reduced with the addition of lithium as reinforcement. When both reinforcements were added in the matrix, it was observed that there was an increase in hardness and impact strength of the composites with decrease in density of the metal matrix composite making it suitable for light weight and high strength applications.


Associate Prof. Dr. Balakrishnan Marimuthu Department of Mechanical Engineering M. Kumarasamy College of Engineering Thalavapalayam Karur – 639 113 Tamil Nadu, India

About the authors

Assistant Professor Raju Kandasamy

Assistant Professor Raju Kandasamy, born 1980, is a PG holder of Manufacturing Engineering working in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at M. Kumarasamy College of Engineering, Karur, Tamilnadu from 2015 untill today. He has guided undergraduate students over ten years of teaching experience. He is also a research scholar persuing his PhD degree in the area of manufacturing and testing of composite materials under Anna University, Chennai.

Associate Prof. Dr. Balakrishnan Marimuthu

Associate Prof. Dr. Balakrishnan Marimuthu, born 1976, is working at M. Kumarasamy College of Engineering, Thalavapalayam, Karur, Tamil Nadu, India. From 1991 to 1994, he achieved his Diploma in Mechanical Engineering at the Al-Ameen Institute of Technology, Erode, India, and from 2000 to 2004, he worked on his BEng degree in Mechanical Engineering at the Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, India. He also achieved an MEng degree at the Government College of Engineering, Salem, India from 2004 to 2006. In 2014, he achieved his PhD in Manufacturing Engineering at the Annamalai University Annamalai, Nagar, India. He did his Post-Doctoral research in the Institute of Sustainability Innovations in Structural Engineering (ISISE), at the university of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal from September 2017 to August 2018.

Acknowledgement

The authors wish to record their heartfelt thanks to the Department of Manufacturing Engineering, Annamalai University for providing the SEM services and also M. Kumarasamy College of Engineering, for providing the stir casting facility and metallographic facilities for carrying out this research.

References

1 M. K. Surappa: Aluminum matrix composites: challenges and opportunities, Sadhana 28 (2003), No. 1-2, pp. 319-334 DOI:10.1007/BF0271714110.1007/BF02717141Search in Google Scholar

2 M. Agarwal, R. Srivastava: Influence of processing parameters on microstructure and mechanical response of a high pressure die cast aluminum alloy, Materials and Manufacturing Processes 34 (2019), No. 4, pp. 462-472 DOI:10.1080/10426914.2018.151212410.1080/10426914.2018.1512124Search in Google Scholar

3 R. Ashok Kumar, A. N. Sait, K. Subramanian: Mechanical properties and microstructure of stir casted Al/B4C/garnet composites, Materials Testing 59 (2017), No. 4, pp. 338-343 DOI:10.3139/120.11100710.3139/120.111007Search in Google Scholar

4 A. Macke, B. F. Schultz, P. Rohatgi: Metal matrix composites offer the automotive industry an opportunity to reduce vehicle weight, improve performance, ASM International, Milwaukee (2012), pp. 19-23Search in Google Scholar

5 T. V. Christy, N. Murugan, S. Kumar: A comparative study on the microstructures and mechanical properties of Al 6061 alloy and the MMC Al 6061/TiB2/12p, Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering 9 (2010), No. 1, pp. 57-65 DOI:10.4236/jmmce.2010.9100510.4236/jmmce.2010.91005Search in Google Scholar

6 S. B. Prabu, L. Karanamoorty, S. Kathiresan, B. Mohan: Influence of stirring speed and stirring time on distribution of particulates in cast metal matrix composite, Journal of Materials Processing Technology 171 (2006), pp. 268-273 DOI:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2005.06.07110.1016/j.jmatprotec.2005.06.071Search in Google Scholar

7 M. Raei, M. Panjepour, M. Meratian: Effect of stirring speed and time on microstructure and mechanical properties of cast Al–Ti–Zr–B4C composite, Russian Journal of Non-Ferrous Metals 57 (2016), No. 4, pp. 347-360 DOI:10.3103/S106782121604008810.3103/S1067821216040088Search in Google Scholar

8 A. Dolata Grosz, J. Wieczorek: Tribological properties of hybrid composites containing two carbide phases, Archives of Materials Science and Engineering 28 (2007), No. 3, pp. 149-155Search in Google Scholar

9 K. V. Mahendra, K. Radhakrishna: Characterization of stir cast Al–Cu–(fly ash + SiC) hybrid metal matrix composites, Journal of Composite Materials 44 (2010), No. 8, pp. 989-1005 DOI:10.1177/002199830934638610.1177/0021998309346386Search in Google Scholar

10 M. Ramachandra, K. Radhakrishna: Synthesis-microstructure-mechanical properties-wear and corrosion behavior of an Al–Si (12 %) – Fly ash metal matrix composite, Journal of Materials Science 40 (2005), No. 22, pp. 5989-5997 DOI:10.1007/s10853-005-1303-610.1007/s10853-005-1303-6Search in Google Scholar

11 N. MathanKumar, S. SenthilKumaran, L. A. Kumaraswamidhas: Wear behaviour of Al 2618 alloy reinforced with Si3N4 AIN and ZrB2 in situ composites at elevated temperatures, Alexandria Engineering Journal 55 (2016), pp. 19-36 DOI:10.1016/j.aej.2016.01.01710.1016/j.aej.2016.01.017Search in Google Scholar

12 P. Sharma, S. Sharma, D. Khanduja: Production and some properties of Si3N4 reinforced aluminium alloy composites, Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies 3 (2015), No. 3, pp. 352-359 DOI:10.1016/j.jascer.2015.07.00210.1016/j.jascer.2015.07.002Search in Google Scholar

13 A. R. K. Swamy, A. Ramesha, G. B. Veeresh Kumar, J. N. Prakash: Effect of particulate reinforcements on the mechanical properties of Al6061-WC and Al6061-Gr MMCs, Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering 10 (2011), No.12, pp. 1141-1152 DOI:10.4236/jmmce.2011.101208710.4236/jmmce.2011.1012087Search in Google Scholar

14 K. P. Gowda, J. N. Prakash, S. Gowda, B. SatishBabu: Effect of particulate reinforcement on the mechanical properties of Al2024 – WC MMCs, Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering 3 (2015), No. 6, pp. 469-476 DOI:10.4236/jmmce.2015.3604910.4236/jmmce.2015.36049Search in Google Scholar

15 M. M. Boopathi, K. P. Arulshri, N. Iyandurai: Evaluation of mechanical properties of aluminium alloy 2024 reinforced with silicon carbide and fly ash hybrid metal matrix composites, American Journal of Applied Sciences 10 (2013), No. 3, pp. 219-229 DOI:10.3844/ajassp.2013.219.22910.3844/ajassp.2013.219.229Search in Google Scholar

16 J. B. Rao, D. B. Rao, N. R. M. R. Bhargava: Development of light weight ALFA composites, International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology 2 (2010), No. 11, pp. 50-5910.4314/ijest.v2i11.64554Search in Google Scholar

17 C. Shi, Wu. Guohua, Li. Zhang, Xi. Zhang: Al–5.5Mg–1.5Li–0.5Zn–0.07Sc–0.07Zr alloy produced by gravity casting and heat treatment processing, Materials and Manufacturing Processes 33 (2018), No. 8, pp. 891-897 DOI:10.1080/10426914.2017.140172510.1080/10426914.2017.1401725Search in Google Scholar

18 M. Kok: Production and mechanical properties of Al2O3 particle reinforced 2024 aluminium composites, Journal of Materials Processing Technology 161 (2005), No. 3, pp. 381-387 DOI:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.07.06810.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.07.068Search in Google Scholar

19 N. Akçamlı, H. Gökçe, D. Uzunsoy: Processing and characterization of graphene nano-platelet (GNP) reinforced aluminum matrix composites, Materials Testing 58 (2016), No. 11-12, pp. 946-952 DOI:10.3139/120.11094410.3139/120.110944Search in Google Scholar

20 Z. Gnjidi, D. Boi, M. Mitkov: The influence of SiC particles on the compressive properties of metal matrix composites, Materials Characterization 147 (2001), pp. 129-138 DOI:10.1016/S1044-5803(01)00161-910.1016/S1044-5803(01)00161-9Search in Google Scholar

21 B. Adhithan, B. Dhanusiya: Study of aluminium metal matrix composites – Review, International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering & Research 3 (2017), No. 4, pp. 82-93 DOI:10.23883/IJRTER.2017.3113.XQSXF10.23883/IJRTER.2017.3113.XQSXFSearch in Google Scholar

22 A. Mortensen, J. Llorca: Metal matrix composites, Annual Review of Materials Research 40 (2010), pp. 243-270 DOI:10.1146/annurev-matsci-070909-10451110.1146/annurev-matsci-070909-104511Search in Google Scholar

23 A. Thirumoorthy, T. V. Arjunan, K. L. Senthil Kumar: Latest research development in aluminum matrix with particulate reinforcement composites – A review, Materials Today: Proceedings 5 (2018), pp. 1657-1665 DOI:10.1016/j.matpr.2017.11.26010.1016/j.matpr.2017.11.260Search in Google Scholar

24 N. Panwara, A. Chauhan: Fabrication methods of particulate reinforced aluminium metal matrix composite – A review, Materials Today: Proceedings 5 (2018), pp. 5933-5939 DOI:10.1016/j.matpr.2017.12.19410.1016/j.matpr.2017.12.194Search in Google Scholar

25 U. K. Annigeri, G. B. Veeresh Kumar: Method of stir casting of aluminum metal matrix composites: A review, Materials Today: Proceedings 4 (2017), pp. 1140-1146 DOI:10.1016/j.matpr.2017.01.13010.1016/j.matpr.2017.01.130Search in Google Scholar

26 B. C. Kandpa, J. Kumar, H. Singh: Manufacturing and technological challenges in stir casting of metal matrix composites – A review, Materials Today: Proceedings 5 (2018), pp. 5-10 DOI:10.1016/j.matpr.2017.11.04610.1016/j.matpr.2017.11.046Search in Google Scholar

27 J. Suthar, K. M. Patel: Processing issues, machining, and applications of aluminum metal matrix composites, Materials and Manufacturing Processes 33 (2017), No. 5, pp. 499-527 DOI:10.1080/10426914.2017.140171310.1080/10426914.2017.1401713Search in Google Scholar

28 A. Manivannan, R. Sasikumar: Exemplary encapsulate feeding in stir casting for quality composites, Materials and Manufacturing Processes 34 (2019), No. 6, pp. 689-694 DOI:10.1080/10426914.2019.156696210.1080/10426914.2019.1566962Search in Google Scholar

29 A. Manivannan, S. Rathinasabapathy, S. D. A. Khadar, M. S. Khan: Novel combined feeding approach to produce quality Al6061 composites for heat sinks, High Temperature Materials and Processes 38 (2019), pp. 647-650 DOI:10.1515/htmp-2019-000910.1515/htmp-2019-0009Search in Google Scholar

30 ASTM E8/E8M-16a: Standard test methods for tension testing of metallic materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, USA (2016)Search in Google Scholar

31 ASTM E23-16-b: Standard test methods for notched bar impact testing of metallic materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, USA (2018)Search in Google Scholar

32 ASTM E18-16: Standard test methods for Rockwell hardness of metallic materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, USA (2016)Search in Google Scholar

33 ASTM D3171-15: Standard test methods for constituent content of composite materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, USA (2015)Search in Google Scholar

34 B. Gobalakrishnan, P. R. Lakshminarayanan, R. Varahamoorthi: Effect of TiB2 particle addition on the mechanical properties of Al/TiB2 in situ formed metal matrix composites, Materials Testing 60 (2018), No. 12, pp. 1221-1224 DOI:10.3139/120.11127310.3139/120.111273Search in Google Scholar

35 B. Munisamy, V. R. B. Madhavan, E. Chinnadurai, J. Janardhanan: Prediction of mechanical properties of Al6061 metal matrix composites reinforced with zircon sand and boron carbide, Materials Testing 61 (2019), No. 6, pp. 537-542 DOI:10.3139/120.11133710.3139/120.111337Search in Google Scholar

36 Q. Yang, Y. T. Liu, J. Liu, L. Wang, Z. Chen, M. L. Wang, S. Y. Zhong, Y. Wu, H. W. Wang: Microstructure evolution of the rapidly solidified alloy powders and composite powders, Materials and Design 182 (2019), pp. 1-12 DOI:10.1016/j.matdes.2019.10804510.1016/j.matdes.2019.108045Search in Google Scholar

37 C. S. Ramesh, R. Keshavamurthy, B. H. Channabasappa, Abrar Ahmed: Microstructure and mechanical properties of Ni–P coated Si3N4 reinforced Al6061 composites, Materials Science and Engineering A 502 (2008), pp. 99-106 DOI:10.1016/j.msea.2008.10.01210.1016/j.msea.2008.10.012Search in Google Scholar

38 G. V. Kaliyannan, P. SathishKumar, S. MohanKumar, R. Deivasigamani, R. Rajasekar: Mechanical and tribological behavior of SiC and fly ash reinforced Al 7075 composites compared to SAE 65 bronze, Materials Testing 60 (2018), No. 12, pp. 1225-1231 DOI:10.3139/120.11127210.3139/120.111272Search in Google Scholar

39 Y. Han, S. Li, T. Zhu, W. Weiwei, A. Di, H. Feng, U. Fengr, Zhai, Z. Xie: Enhanced toughness and reliability of Si3N4-SiCw composites under oscillatory pressure sintering, Ceramics International 44 (2018), pp. 12169-12173 DOI:10.1016/j.ceramint.2018.03.27010.1016/j.ceramint.2018.03.270Search in Google Scholar

40 Z. Xiu, G. ChengG, W. U. Gao-hui, W. Yang, Y. Liu: Effect of volume fraction on microstructure and mechanical properties of Si3N4/Al composites, Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China 21 (2011), pp. 285-289 DOI:10.1016/S1003-6326(11)61592-610.1016/S1003-6326(11)61592-6Search in Google Scholar

41 H. Arik: Effect of mechanical alloying process on mechanical properties of α-Si3N4 reinforced aluminum-based composite materials, Materials and Design 29 (2008), No. 9, pp. 1856-1861 DOI:10.1016/j.matdes.2008.03.01010.1016/j.matdes.2008.03.010Search in Google Scholar

42 M. Taya: Strengthening mechanisms of metal matrix composites, Materials Transactions JIM 32 (1991), No. 1, pp. 1-19 DOI:10.2320/matertrans1989.32.110.2320/matertrans1989.32.1Search in Google Scholar

43 W. S. Miller, F. J. Humphreys: Strengthening mechanisms in particulate metal matrix composites, Scripta Metallurgica et Materialia 25 (1991), pp. 33-38 DOI:10.1016/0956-716X(91)90349-610.1016/0956-716X(91)90349-6Search in Google Scholar

44 G. Chen, J. Wan, H. E. Ning, H. M. Zhang, F. Han, Y. M. Zhang: Strengthening mechanisms based on reinforcement distribution uniformity for particle reinforced aluminum matrix composites, Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China 28 (2018), pp. 2395-2400 DOI:10.1016/S1003-6326(18)64885-X10.1016/S1003-6326(18)64885-XSearch in Google Scholar

45 S. Kandemir: Effects of TiB2 nanoparticle content on the microstructure and mechanical properties of aluminum matrix nanocomposites, Materials Testing 59 (2017), No. 10, pp. 844-852 DOI:10.3139/120.11107910.3139/120.111079Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2021-02-23

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston, Germany

Downloaded on 30.11.2022 from frontend.live.degruyter.dgbricks.com/document/doi/10.1515/mt-2020-0029/html
Scroll Up Arrow