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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 31, 2021

Structural hydroxyl distribution in jadeite grains and the diagenesis mechanism of jadeitite in Myanmar, Guatemala and Russia

Xing Yingying and Qi Lijian
From the journal Materials Testing


Carrying out jadeitite diagenesis in its basic state as well as in combination with the multiple fluid activities of water, we focused on jadeite grains in production areas such as Myanmar, Guatemala and Russia to determinethe essence of nominal anhydrous jadeite grains and the distribution of structural hydroxyl in individual jadeite grains via infrared microscope. This is a scientific problem that urgently needs to be solved. The results show that a microscale of structural water in the form of structural hydroxyl is widely found in the jadeite grains of primary jadeitite in Myanmar, Guatemala and Russia. There are certain differences in the three groups of characteristic infrared absorption bands generated by the stretching vibration of the structural hydroxyl in jadeite from these different producing areas. The structural hydroxyl content of the individual jadeite grain shows obvious differences according to the producing areas, and the structural hydroxyl content in jadeite grains in Myanmar is up to 2522.11 × 10-6. By contrast, jadeite grains in Guatemala and Russia yield lower results. In addition, the structural hydroxyl content in individual jadeite grains in the three producing areas are inhomogeneous, showing an increasing trend from interior to exterior. However, dynamic metamorphism of different intensities and multi-period fluid participation lead to differences in the increase, whereby an increase in structural hydroxyl content in jadeite grains from Guatemala and Russia is slower. The study of the distribution of structural hydroxyl in jadeite grain from different producing areas is helpful for exploring the interaction trajectory of fluids involved in jadeitite and the diagenesis mechanism of jadeitite, a fact that is of great scientific significance for revealing the formation process and conditions of jadeitite.

Assopciate Prof. Dr. Xing Yingying Gemmological Institute Guangzhou College of South China University of Technology Guangzhou, China


Project supported by the Characteristic innovation projects of Guangdong Provincial Department of Education (Grant No. CQ190005).


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Published Online: 2021-03-31

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