Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter September 11, 2021

Effect of double-sided friction stir welding on the mechanical and microstructural characteristics of AA5754 aluminium alloy

Sare Çelik and Fatmagül Tolun
From the journal Materials Testing


AA5754Al alloy is widely used in industry. However, as in the case of all Al alloys, the 5xxx series Al alloys cannot be easily joined through fusion welding techniques. To address this problem, in this study, the effect of double-sided friction stir welding at various tool rotational speeds (450, 710, and 900 rpm), feeding rates (40, 50, and 80 mm × min-1), and tool tilt angles (0°, 1°, 2°) on the welding parameters and mechanical and microstructural characteristics of AA5754 Al alloy was determined. Tensile strength tests and microhardness tests were performed to examine the mechanical properties of the welded specimens. The microstructures of the welded zone were examined by obtaining optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy images. The tensile test results indicated that the specimens exhibited the highest welding performance of 95.17 % at a tool rotational speed, feed rate, and tool tilt angle of 450 rpm, 50 mm × min-1 and 1°, respectively.

Dr. Fatmagül Tolun Department of Motor Vehicles and Transportation Technologies Balıkesir University 10145 Balıkesir, Turkey


The authors would like to thank Aydınlar Metal Industry and Trade Inc., Turkey, for providing the Al alloy sheets.


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Published Online: 2021-09-11
Published in Print: 2021-09-30

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