In this study, the effect of friction time on microstructure and weldability of AISI 1030 steel with nickel interlayer and high chromium white cast iron welded by the friction welding method were investigated experimentally. The weld joints were produced with 2000 rpm rotational speed, under 80 MPa friction pressure, 150 MPa forging pressure, for 8 s forging time and 8, 10 and 12 s friction times. After the friction welding process, the microstructures of the weld interfaces were analyzed by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectrometry, elemental mapping and X-ray diffraction analysis. The results were lateron compared theoretically and experimentally. The increasing friction time led to high frictional heat input. The results indicated that friction time plays a vital role on the microstructure and weldability.
Funding statement: This work has been supported by Adıyaman University, Scientific Researches Unit [grant number 2016-002]. The authors are grateful to the Scientific Researches Unit for providing financial support.
About the authors
Prof. Dr. Tanju Teker, born in 1971, works in the University of Sivas Cumhuriyet, Faculty of Technology, Department of Manufacturing Engineering, Sivas, Turkey. He graduated in Metallurgy Education from Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey, in 1997. He received his MSc and PhD degrees from Firat University, Elazig, Turkey in 2004 and 2010, respectively. His research interests include metal coating techniques, fusion and welding solid-state welding methods and materials.
Eyyüp Murat Karakurt, born in 1988, graduated from Gebze High Technology University, Faculty of Engineering, Materials Science Engineering Department, Gebze, Turkey in 2011. He received his MSc degree from Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey in 2017. He is currently studying at Brunel London University, Institute of Materials and Manufacturing, Uxbridge, London. His research interests are focused on boring and welding.
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