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Subtitling’s cross-cultural expressivity put to the test: A cross-sectional study of linguistic and cultural representation across Romance and Germanic languages

Marie-Noëlle Guillot EMAIL logo
From the journal Multilingua

Abstract

This article focuses on linguistic and cultural representation in AVT as a medium of intercultural literacy. It has two objectives: it puts to the test increasingly accepted assumptions about AVT modalities’ distinctive meaning potential and expressive capacity, with a case study of communicative practices in their representation, via AVT, in subtitles across Romance and Germanic languages. The second objective is to make a start on a neglected question to date, by considering, concurrently, the respective potential for representation of different types of languages, Indo-European in the first instance, in different pair configurations.

The study applies to (Romance) French, Italian, Spanish and (Germanic) English and German and uses a cross-cultural pragmatics framework to explore representation, per se and comparatively across the languages represented in the main data, Lonnergan’s 2016 feature film Manchester by the Sea. Data is approached qualitatively from a target text end in the first instance and primarily, in a subset of scenes from across the film. Quantitative analysis is used complementarily for diagnostic purposes or as a complementary source of evidence, with initial focus on types of features identified in earlier studies as a locus of stylised representation in subtitling with evidence of distinctive pragmatic indexing (e.g. pronominal address, greetings, thanking).

The study is a pilot study and is exploratory at this stage, but part of a broader endeavour to inform debates about, and build up the picture of, AVT as cross-cultural mediation and, ultimately, promote our understanding of films in translation’s societal impact.

Funding statement: This work was supported by the AHRC Research Network project Tapping the Power of Foreign Language Films: Audiovisual Translation as Cross-cultural Mediation (TPFF), (Grant Number: AHRC AH/N007026/1).

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Filmography

Caché/Hidden. 2005. Dir. Michael Haneke, Screenplay by Michael Haneke. Les Films du Losange.Search in Google Scholar

Manchester by the Sea. 2016. Dir. Kenneth Lonnergan. Screenplay by Kenneth Lonnergan. K films Manchester LLC.Search in Google Scholar

Paris. 2008. Dir. Cédric Klapish. Screenplay by Cédric Klapish. Ce qui me meut StudioCanal and StudioCanal Image France 2 Cinéma.Search in Google Scholar

Volver. 2006. Dir. Pedro Aldomovar. Screenplay by Pedro Almodóvar. Almodóvar and Garcia.Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2019-08-21
Published in Print: 2019-09-25

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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