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The Ahmadiyya, Blasphemy and Religious Freedom: The Institutional Discourse Analysis of Religious Discrimination in Indonesia

Andi Muhammad Irawan and Zifirdaus Adnan


The article investigates the development of discourses related to freedom of religion and discrimination against religious minority in current Indonesia by identifying the discourse constructions of Ahmadiyya in various texts and talks produced and disseminated by government institution and the Indonesian Council of Ulama (the MUI). This study aims to reveal these institutions’ views and perspectives on Ahmadiyya issue using various discourse strategies. The data analysed are some legal proclamations issued and personal views delivered by the officials of these two institutions. The CDA theoretical framework employed is to examine the positive-self and negative-other presentations. The finding reveals that the issue of Ahmadiyya is addressed through discourses related to Indonesian national interest and discourses related to religious matters. in these discourses, the two institutions and their officials present themselves positively and portray the Ahmadiyya sect negatively. The sect followers are negatively presented as the troublemaker, blasphemer, and the destroyer of religious harmony and social order.

Corresponding author: Andi Muhammad Irawan, English Language and Literature, Faculty of Languages and Arts, Universitas Negeri Padang, Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka, Air Tawar, 25131 Padang, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia, E-mail:


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Published Online: 2021-07-13
Published in Print: 2021-09-27

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