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Arguing against Political and Religious Discriminations: Critical Discourse Analysis of Indonesian Ahmadiyya

Andi Muhammad Irawan EMAIL logo , Iskandar Abdul Samad , Sahril Nur , Iskandar Iskandar , Afifuddin Afifuddin and Andi Syurganda


This article examines resistance discourses created and disseminated by a religious minority in Indonesia called Gerakan Ahmadiyah Indonesia (GAI) to counter any negative portrayals and religious-based discriminations. Ahmadiyah is a self-defined sect of Islam that has been the target of physical attacks and discursive discrimination in Indonesia. This analysis focuses on identifying discourse topics raised and strategies employed by one of the Ahmadiyya groups in the country called GAI to reveal their resistance and defend their ‘Islamic’ faith. Various texts produced in different genres namely statements and comments published in media, books, speeches and various articles published online in GAI’s official websites are used as the data which were collected during field research in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The analysis found that, in order to counter discriminatory discourses, the GAI Ahmadis present various resistance discourse themes such as distinguishing themselves from Jemaat Ahmadiyah Indonesia, justifying their Islamic understanding by highlighting religious freedom discourse, including themselves as Muslims and presenting themselves as peaceful movement.

Corresponding author: Andi Muhammad Irawan, English Language and Literature Department, Universitas Negeri Padang, Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka, Air Tawar, Padang, Sumatera Barat, 25131, Indonesia, E-mail:


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Published Online: 2022-05-23
Published in Print: 2022-09-27

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