In 1922, philosopher Jakob Klatzkin (1882–1948) and Zionist politician and later president of the World Jewish Congress, Nahum Goldmann (1895–1982) founded the Eschkol publishing company in Berlin and began their major work on the Encyclopaedia Judaica (1928–1934). Eschkol was active during the Weimar Republic, where culture and politics were shaped by a Jewish renaissance and by the sustained migration of Jews from Eastern Europe. Most of the publisher’s books and brochures show emblematic historical ruptures and the migration of knowledge to new spaces, languages, and cultures. This article analyzes Eschkol’s publications and cultural agenda from the perspective of a material culture of printed works, and focuses on its textbook program. It concentrates the discussion on the historian Simon Bernfeld (1860–1940) and Jakob Klatzkin, two formative scholars of that period.
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