Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published online by De Gruyter May 13, 2022

Among-family variations of direct measurement values for chemical and pulp properties in 4-year-old Eucalyptus camaldulensis half-sib families in Thailand

Ulrich Christopher Moussavou Mboumba, Yudai Tanaka, Ikumi Nezu, Futoshi Ishiguri ORCID logo, Sapit Diloksumpun, Jun Tanabe, Jyunich Ohshima, Kazuya Iizuka and Shinso Yokota

Abstract

Amounts of wood chemical components (organic solvent extracts, Klason lignin, and holocellulose) and kraft pulp characteristics (yield and kappa number) were directly determined for 32 trees from eight half-sib Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. families in second generation of elite trees selected in Thailand. The mean values of all trees were 1.4 % for organic solvent extracts, 21.3 % for Klason lignin, 86.1 % for holocellulose, 44.4 % for kraft pulp yield, and 7.2 for kappa number, respectively. While repeatability values of growth traits and basic density were moderate to high (0.18 to 0.51), those in wood chemical components and kraft pulp characteristics showed quite low values (less than 0.10). No correlation coefficients were found between measured traits, except between stem diameter and tree height. Thus, it is concluded that selection of E. camaldulensis families with superior growth traits is suitable for production of raw material of pulp and paper in respect to quantity and quality of wood.

Funding source: Kasetsart University Research and Development Institute

Funding statement: This research was financially supported by fundamental research funds of Utsunomiya University, Japan and in part by the Kasetsart University Research and Development Institute, Thailand.

Acknowledgments

We thank the staff and students of the Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, and School of Agriculture, Utsunomiya University for their help in field sampling and the laboratory experiments.

  1. Conflict of interest: The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

References

Apiolaza, L.A., Raymond, C.A., Yeo, B.J. (2005) Genetic variation of physical and chemical Wood properties of Eucalyptus globulus. Silvae Genet. 54:160–166.10.1515/sg-2005-0024Search in Google Scholar

Bates, D., Mächler, M., Bolker, B.M., Walker, S.C. (2015) Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4. J. Stat. Softw. 67:1–48.10.18637/jss.v067.i01Search in Google Scholar

Carrillo, I., Vidal, C., Elissetche, J.P., Mendonça, R.T. (2018) Wood anatomical and chemical properties related to the pulpability of Eucalyptus globulus: a review. South. For. 80:1–8.10.2989/20702620.2016.1274859Search in Google Scholar

Chen, S., Weng, Q., Li, F., Li, M., Zhou, C., Gan, S. (2018) Genetic parameters for growth and wood chemical properties in Eucalyptus urophylla × E. tereticornis hybrids. Ann. For. Sci. 75:16.10.1007/s13595-018-0694-xSearch in Google Scholar

Denis, M., Favreau, B., Ueno, S., Camus-Kulandaivelu, L., Chaix, G., Gion, J.M., Nourrisier-Mountou, S., Polidori, J., Bouvet, J.M. (2013) Genetic variation of wood chemical traits and association with underlying genes in Eucalyptus urophylla. Tree Genet. Genom. 9:927–942.10.1007/s11295-013-0606-zSearch in Google Scholar

Ek, M., Gellerstedt, G., Henriksson, G. (2009) Pulp and Paper Chemistry and Technology 1: Wood Chemistry and Wood Biotechnology. De Gruyter, Berlin.10.1515/9783110213409Search in Google Scholar

El Moussaouiti, M., Barcha, B., Alves, E.F., Francis, R.C. (2012) Kraft pulping characteristics of three Moroccan eucalyptus. Part 1. Physical and chemical properties of woods and pulps. BioResources 7:1558–1568.10.15376/biores.7.2.1558-1568Search in Google Scholar

Greaves, B.L., Borralho, N.M.G., Raymond, C.A. (1997) Breeding objective for plantation eucalypts grown for production of kraft pulp. For. Sci. 43:465–472.Search in Google Scholar

Hamilton, M.G., Freeman, J.S., Blackburn, D.P., Downes, G.M., Pilbeam, D.J., Potts, B.M. (2017) Independent lines of evidence of a genetic relationship between acoustic wave velocity and kraft pulp yield in Eucalyptus globulus. Ann. For. Sci. 74:17.10.1007/s13595-017-0617-2Search in Google Scholar

Hills, W.E., Brown, A.G. (1984) Eucalyptus for wood production. Academic Press, Sydney.Search in Google Scholar

Hung, T.D., Brawner, J.T., Meder, R., Lee, D.J., Southernton, S., Thinh, H.H., Dieters, M.J. (2015) Estimates of genetic parameters for growth and wood properties in Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell. to support tree breeding in Vietnam. Ann. For. Sci. 72:205–217.10.1007/s13595-014-0426-9Search in Google Scholar

Ishiguri, F., Diloksumpun, S., Tanabe, J., Iizuka, K., Yokota, S. (2013) Stress-wave velocity of trees and dynamic Young’s modulus of logs of 4-year-old Eucalyptus camaldulensis trees selected for pulpwood production in Thailand. J. Wood Sci. 59:506–511.10.1007/s10086-013-1363-1Search in Google Scholar

Ishiguri, F., Diloksumpun, S., Tanabe, J., Ohshima, J., Iizuka, K., Yokota, S. (2017) Among-family variations of solid wood properties in 4-year-old Eucalyptus camaldulensis trees selected for pulpwood production in Thailand. Int. Wood Prod. J. 8:36–40.10.1080/20426445.2016.1261528Search in Google Scholar

Istikowati, W.T., Aiso, H., Sunardi, Sutiya, B., Ishiguri, F., Ohshima, J., Iizuka, K., Yokota, S. (2016) Wood, chemical, and pulp properties of woods from less-utilized fast-growing tree species found in naturally regenerated secondary forest in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. J. Wood Chem. Technol. 36:250–258.10.1080/02773813.2015.1124121Search in Google Scholar

Japanese Industrial Standards (2011) JIS P8211: 2011, Pulps-determination of kappa number.Search in Google Scholar

Kuramochi, U., Aiso, H., Diloksumpun, S., Tanabe, J., Ohshima, J., Ishiguri, F., Takashima, Y., Iizuka, K., Yokota, S., Aizawa, M., Ohkubo, T. (2014) Among-family variation of wood properties relating to pulp qualities in 5-year-old Eucalyptus camaldulensis planted in the northeastern region of Thailand. For. Genet. Tree Breed. 3:146–152.Search in Google Scholar

Lukmandaru, G., Zumaini, U.F., Soeprijadi, D., Nugroph, W.D., Susanto, M. (2016) Chemical properties and fiber dimension of Eucalyptus pellita from the 2nd generation of progeny tests in Pelaihari, Soth Borneo, Indonesia. J. Korean Wood Sci. Technol. 44:571–588.10.5658/WOOD.2016.44.4.571Search in Google Scholar

Nakagawa, S., Schielzeth, H. (2010) Repeatability for Gaussian and non-Gaussian data: a practical guide for biologists. Biol. Rev. 85:935–956.10.1111/j.1469-185X.2010.00141.xSearch in Google Scholar

Neiva, D., Fernandes, L., Araújo, S., Liurenço, A., Gominho, J., Simões, R., Pereira, H. (2015) Chemical composition and kraft pulping potential of 12 eucalypt species. Ind. Crop. Prod. 66:89–95.10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.12.016Search in Google Scholar

Nezu, I., Ishiguri, F., Aiso, H., Diloksumpun, S., Ohshima, J., Iizuka, K., Yokota, S. (2020) Repeatability of growth characteristics and wood properties for solid wood production from Eucalyptus camaldulensis half-sib families growing in Thailand. Silvae Genet. 69:36–43.10.2478/sg-2020-0006Search in Google Scholar

Nezu, I., Ishiguri, F., Aiso, H., Diloksumpun, S., Ohshima, J., Iizuka, K., Yokota, S. (2021) Selection of Eucalyptus camaldulensis families for sustainable pulpwood production by means of anatomical characteristics. Forests 12:31.10.3390/f12010031Search in Google Scholar

Nickolas, H., Williams, D., Downes, G., Tilyard, P., Harrison, P.A., Vaillancourt, R.E., Potts, B. (2020) Genetic correlations among pulpwood and solid-wood selection traits in Eucalyptus globulus. New For. 51:137–158.10.1007/s11056-019-09721-0Search in Google Scholar

Ohshima, J., Yokota, S., Yoshizawa, N., Ona, T. (2005) Examination of within-tree variations and the heights representing whole-tree values of derived wood properties for quasi-non-destructive breeding of Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Eucalyptus globulus as quality pulpwood. J. Wood Sci. 51:102–111.10.1007/s10086-004-0625-3Search in Google Scholar

Ona, T., Sonoda, T., Ito, K., Shibata, M., Tamai, Y., Kojima, Y. (1995) Studies on decision of selection indexes for quality breeding of eucalypt pulpwood (VI): Relationship between wood and pulp properties brought by their within-tree variations on E. camaldulensis. Japan Tappi J. 49:1347–1356.10.2524/jtappij.49.1347Search in Google Scholar

Ona, T., Sonoda, T., Ito, K., Shibata, M., Tamai, Y., Kojima, Y., Ohshima, J., Yokota, S., Yoshizawa, N. (2001) Investigation of relationships between cell and pulp properties in Eucalyptus by examination of within-tree property variations. Wood Sci. Technol. 35:229–243.10.1007/s002260100090Search in Google Scholar

Pichayadecha, A., Senjuntichai, A. (2014) Grouping eucalyptus species in kraft pulp process for cost reduction. KKU Eng. J. 41:437–447.Search in Google Scholar

Pinyopusarerk, K., Doran, J.C., Williams, E.R., Wasuwanich, P. (1996) Variation in growth of Eucalyptus camaldulensis provenances in Thailand. For. Ecol. Manag. 87:63–73.10.1016/S0378-1127(96)03835-2Search in Google Scholar

Prasetyo, A., Aiso-Sanada, H., Ishiguri, F., Wahyudi, I., Wijaya, I.P.G., Ohshima, J., Yokota, S. (2019) Variations in anatomical characteristics and predicted paper quality of three Eucalyptus species planted in Indonesia. Wood Sci. Technol. 53:1409–1423.10.1007/s00226-019-01137-5Search in Google Scholar

R Core Team (2020) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation 373 for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL https://www.R-project.org/.Search in Google Scholar

Stackpole, D.J., Vallancourt, R.E., Downes, G.M., Harwood, C.E., Potts, B.M. (2010) Genetic control of kraft pulp yield in Eucalyptus globulus. Can. J. For. Res. 40:917–927.10.1139/X10-035Search in Google Scholar

Sungtong, T., Diloksumpun, S. (2011) Variations in physiological characteristics of different Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. half-sib families. Thai J. For. 30:1–13.Search in Google Scholar

Terdwongworakul, A., Punsuwan, V., Thanapase, W., Tsuchikawa, S. (2005) Rapid assessment of wood chemical properties and pulp yield of Eucalyptus camaldulensis in Thailand tree plantations by near infrared spectroscopy for improving wood selection for high quality pulp. J. Wood Sci. 51:167–171.10.1007/s10086-004-0633-3Search in Google Scholar

Yodnam, S., Wachrinrat, C., Diloksumpun, S. (2010) Progeny test of the second generation Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. at Wang Nam Khiao Forestry Student Training Station. Thai J. For. 29:37–49.Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2022-02-16
Accepted: 2022-05-07
Published Online: 2022-05-13

© 2022 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston