Skip to content
BY 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access December 31, 2019

Agritourism as a sustainable adaptation option for climate change

  • R.P. Mahaliyanaarachchi EMAIL logo , M.S. Elapata , M. Esham and B.C.H. Madhuwanthi
From the journal Open Agriculture

Abstract

The global climate change has become one of the imperative issue for the smallholder dominated agriculture and tourism sectors in Sri Lanka. This study investigated the perception of farmers on climate change and the potential of agritourism as a sustainable adaptation option to mitigate the negative impacts of climate change in both tourism and agricultural sectors. The study was carried out in the low country dry zone (LCDZ) and the upcountry wet zone (UPWZ) of Sri Lanka. A survey strategy followed by structured and unstructured interviews were undertaken to collect the data. The sample was composed of 100 farmers each from the UPWZ and LCDZ respectively. The study revealed that there had been climate extremes in both climatic zones in terms of high rainfall and longer dry spells. Thus, it was important for the farmers to have necessary knowledge and skills on different diversification techniques related to crop-production, integrated farming systems and climate resilient production which are economical and mitigate the adverse climatic effects. However, the results revealed that the farmers have altered the cropping patterns and crop management practices rather than adopting entrepreneurial activities like agritourism. Lack of awareness of agritourism within the farming community is the main reason for farmers not contemplating this important diversification option. The results indicate that a significant number of farmers showed interest in considering agritourism as an option to mitigate climate change. It is important to educate farmers on diversification options.

References

[1] Athulathmudali S., Balasuriya A., Fernando K., An exploratory study on adapting to climate change in coastal areas of Sri Lanka. Working paper series no. 18-2011. Colombo: Centre for Poverty Analysis, 2011Search in Google Scholar

[2] Bebbington A., Reencountering development: Livelihood transitions and place transformations in the Andes, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 2000, 90(3), 495–52010.1111/0004-5608.00206Search in Google Scholar

[3] Chithranayana R.D., Punyawardena B.V.R., Adaptation to the vulnerability of paddy cultivation to climate change based on seasonal rainfall characteristics, Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 2014, 4210.4038/jnsfsr.v42i2.6992Search in Google Scholar

[4] Daulagala C., Weerahewa J., Marambe B., Pushpakumara G., Silva P., Punyawardena R., et al., Socio-economic characteristics of farmers influencing adaptation to climate change: empirical results from selected home gardens in South Asia with emphasis on commercial orientation, Journal of Advanced Social Studies, 2013, 210.4038/sljass.v2i2.6208Search in Google Scholar

[5] De Costa W.A.J.M., Climate change in Sri Lanka: myth or reality? Evidence from long-term meteorological data, Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 2008, 36, 63–8810.4038/jnsfsr.v36i0.8048Search in Google Scholar

[6] Department of Agriculture., Agriculture Technology Parks, 2014, http://www.agridept.gov.lk/index.php/en/agro-parksSearch in Google Scholar

[7] Esham M., Garforth C.,Climate change and agricultural adaptation in Sri Lanka: a review, Climate and Development, 2013, 5, 66-7610.1080/17565529.2012.762333Search in Google Scholar

[8] Gil Arroyo C., Barbieri C., Rozier Rich S., Defining agritourism: A comparative study of stakeholders’ perceptions in Missouri and North Carolina, Tourism Management, 2013, 37, 39–4710.1016/j.tourman.2012.12.007Search in Google Scholar

[9] Howden S.M., Soussana J.F., Tubiello F.N., Chhetri N., Dunlop M., Meinke, H., Adapting agriculture to climate change, Proceedings of the national academy of sciences, 2007, 104, 19691-1969610.1073/pnas.0701890104Search in Google Scholar

[10] Leco, F., Hernández, J.M., Campón, A. M., Rural tourists and their attitudes and motivations towards the practice of environmental activities such as agritourism., International Journal of Environmental Research, 2012, 7, 255-264Search in Google Scholar

[11] Mahaliyanaarachchi R.P., Role of Agritourism as a Moderated Rural Business. Tourism, Leisure and Global Change, 2015, 2(1),193-204Search in Google Scholar

[12] Malkanthi S.H.P., Routry J.K.,Potential for agritourism development: Evidence from Sri Lanka, Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2011, http://jas.sljol.info/articles/abstract/10.4038/jas.v6i1.3812/10.4038/jas.v6i1.3812Search in Google Scholar

[13] Nickerson N.P., Black R. J., McCool S. F., Agritourism: Motivations behind farm/ranch business diversification, Journal of Travel Research, 2001, 40(1), 19–2610.1177/004728750104000104Search in Google Scholar

[14] Nilsson P. A., Staying on farms: An ideological background, Annals of Tourism Research, 2002, 29(1), 7–24.10.1016/S0160-7383(00)00081-5Search in Google Scholar

[15] Ollenburg C., Buckley R., Stated economic and social motivations of farm tourism operators, Journal of Travel Research., 2007, 45(4), 444–45210.1177/0047287507299574Search in Google Scholar

[16] Rambodagedara R.M.M.H.K., Silva D.A.C., Perera S., Agro-Tourism Development in Farming Community: Opportunities and Challenges. Hector Kobbekaduwa Agrarian Research and Training Institute, 2015Search in Google Scholar

[17] Valdivia C., Barbieri C., Agritourism as a sustainable adaptation strategy to climate change in the Andean Altiplano, Tourism Management Perspectives, 2014, 11, 18-2510.1016/j.tmp.2014.02.004Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2019-04-29
Accepted: 2019-11-06
Published Online: 2019-12-31

© 2019 R.P. Mahaliyanaarachchi et al., published by De Gruyter

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Public License.

Downloaded on 22.2.2024 from https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/opag-2019-0074/html
Scroll to top button