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BY 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access September 11, 2020

Hitler’s Downfall and the Collapse of the Thousand Years Reich: Multi Fronts and Incapable Allies

  • Muhammad Ali Baig ORCID logo
From the journal Open Military Studies


The downfall of Adolf Hitler was a significant development in the history of the world. His armies conquered almost all of Europe in a dramatic span of time by the employment of Blitzkrieg tactics. Before the outbreak of the Second World War, Hitler assisted General Franco in the Spanish Civil War. Later, while still fighting on the Western front, Hitler ordered the Afrika Korps to assist Italians in Northern Africa and in the Balkans region and finally launched Operation Barbarossa by invading the Soviet Union. The Anti-Comintern Pact, Pact of Steel and Tripartite Pact brought the Third Reich, the Empire of Japan and the Kingdom of Italy onto one page. This paper attempts to probe the multiple fronts and the efficacy of Hitler’s allies including Japan, Italy, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Croatia and to try and find the causes behind the downfall of one of the strongest men the world has ever seen from a theoretical perspective. This research did not intend to glorify Hitler or Nazism, but focuses on how the maximization of power and the states’ actions with hegemonic aspirations triggered a balancing coalition and ultimately resulted in punishment from the system itself.


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Received: 2020-05-14
Accepted: 2020-07-23
Published Online: 2020-09-11

© 2020 Muhammad Ali Baig, published by De Gruyter

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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