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BY 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access June 15, 2019

Recent Advances in Squaraine Dyes for Bulk-Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells

  • Yao Chen , Weigang Zhu , Jianglin Wu , Yan Huang , Antonio Facchetti and Tobin J. Marks

Abstract

Squaraine (SQ) dyes are an important class of electron-donating (donors or p-type) semiconductors for organic solar cells (OSC) due to their facile synthetic access, broad optical absorption with high oscillator strengths, and chemical robustness. Blending them with compatible electron-acceptors (acceptors or n-type) yields OSC devices known as bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) small molecule donor organic solar cells (SMD-OSCs). Through extensive research on materials design, synthesis, characterization, and device optimization over the past ˝ve years, SMD-OSCs employing SQ-based structures have achieved remarkable increases in device power conversion e˚ciency (PCE), now approaching 8%. Although these PCEs have not yet equaled the performance of state- of-the art donor polymers and some other SMD semiconductors, SQ-based OSC progress highlights successful and generalizable strategies for small molecule solar cells that should lead to future advances. In this review, recent developments in SQ-based OSCs are discussed and analyzed.

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Received: 2019-04-01
Accepted: 2019-05-03
Published Online: 2019-06-15
Published in Print: 2019-01-01

© 2019 Yao Chen et al., published by De Gruyter

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Public License.

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