Skip to content
BY-NC-ND 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access July 14, 2017

The Information Practices of the Fishermen in the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh

Nafiz Zaman Shuva EMAIL logo
From the journal Open Information Science

Abstract

Utilizing de Certeau’s concepts of “tactics” and “strategies,” and Chatman’s “information poverty,” this study examines the information practices of the fishermen in the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh. Using faceto- face surveys, this study gathers data from 102 fishermen in the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh. The findings of the study reveal that the majority of fishermen (“fisher folks”) studied regularly need information on weather, fish buying and selling prices, daily consumable products, entertainment, and religion. Fisher folks in this study heavily rely on their informal information networks (e.g., family and friends) to meet their diverse information needs. The study also reports various information challenges faced by the participants. It is evident in this study that fisher folks, due to unwelcoming information environment of strategic institutions (e.g., various government agencies), tactically avoid services and information provided by them. A call for radical change in “information service culture” (i.e., offering information to only educated, the dominant group of the society) has been emphasized by the author of the paper. The study also highlights the importance of offering appropriate, need-based, welcoming information services to rural communities by various government information agencies including public libraries. It is expected that this study will help researchers design studies aimed at exploring the “tactical information practices” of various unprivileged groups such as victims of domestic violence, ready-made garments worker, sex workers, etc., who have diverse socioeconomic and political backgrounds.

References

AFP. (2016, October 28). Bangladesh arrests 900 in bid to save favourite fish. Daily Mail. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/afp/article-3882644/Bangladesh-arrests-900-bid-save-favourite-fish.htmlSearch in Google Scholar

Ahmed, S.M.Z., Munshi. M.N.U. & Ahmed, M.U. (1997). Library and information services to the rural community in Bangladesh: CDL’s experience. Dhaka University Studies, 53/54(1/2), 129-138.Search in Google Scholar

Asad, A. (2012). UISC in Bangladesh: E-Service access point for the marginalized. Retrieved from http://community.telecentre.org/m/blogpost?id=2086278%3ABlogPost%3A125004Search in Google Scholar

Babbie, E. (2007). The practice of social research (12th Ed.). Belmont, CA:Wadsworth.Search in Google Scholar

Bakar, A.B.A. (2011). Information seeking behaviours of rural women in Malaysia. Library Philosophy and Practice. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1479&context=libphilpracSearch in Google Scholar

Bangladesh, Department of Fisheries (DoF). (2016). About department of fisheries. Retrieved from http://www.fisheries.gov.bd/Search in Google Scholar

Bangladesh, Department of Fisheries (DoF). (2013). Fisheries statistical yearbook of Bangladesh. Dhaka: Author.Search in Google Scholar

Bangladesh, Ministry of Finance (MoF). (2012). Bangladesh economic review. Retrieved from http://www.mof.gov.bd/en/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=230&Itemid=1Search in Google Scholar

Bangladesh, Ministry of Finance (MoF). (2014). General budgeting report-2014-2015. Retrieved from http://www.mof.gov.bd/en/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=280&Itemid=1Search in Google Scholar

Benard, R., Dulle,F. & Ngalapa, H. (2014). Assessment of information needs of rice farmers in Tanzania; A case study of Kilombero District, Morogoro. Library Philosophy and Practice. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2666&context=libphilpracSearch in Google Scholar

Bryman, A. (2016). Social research methods (5th Ed). Oxford, UK: Oxford.Search in Google Scholar

Case, D.O. & Given, L.M. (2016). Looking for information: A survey of research on information seeking, needs, and behaviour. Bingley, UK: Emerald.Search in Google Scholar

Chakrabarti, B. (2001). Over the edge of information in the information age: Informational behaviour of the Totos: A small marginal tribal community in Sub-Himalayan North Bengal, India. International Information & Library Review, 33(12-3), 167-180.10.1080/10572317.2001.10762547Search in Google Scholar

Chatman, E.A. (1996). The impoverished life-world of outsiders. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 47: 193-206.Search in Google Scholar

De Certeau, M. (1984). The practice of everyday life. (S. Rendell, Trans.). Berkeley: University of California Press.Search in Google Scholar

Das, M. R., Ray, S., Kumar, U., Begum, S., & Tarafdar, S. R. (2015). Livelihood assessment of the fishermen community in the south west region of Bangladesh. Journal of Experimental Biology, 3 (4), 353-361. Retrieved from http://www.jebas.org/00300420082015/10.18006_2015.3(4).353.361.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

Dutta, R. (2008). Information needs and information-seeking behavior in developing countries: A review of the research. International Information & Library Review, 41(1), 44-51.10.1080/10572317.2009.10762796Search in Google Scholar

Freund, L. (2015). Contextualizing the information‐seeking behavior of software engineers. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 66(8), 1594-1605.10.1002/asi.23278Search in Google Scholar

Hossain, M.A.& Islam, M.S. (2012). Information needs of rural women: A study of three villages of Bangladesh. Library Philosophy and Practice. Retrieved from http://unllib.unl.edu/LPP/hossain-islam.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

Hussain, M. (2016). Fisheries statistics in Bangladesh: Issues, challenges and plan. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/ess/documents/apcas26/presentations/APCAS-16-6.3.2_-_Bangladesh_-_Fisheries_Statistics_in_Bangladesh.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

Ikoja-Odongo, R.& Ocholla, D. N. (2003). Information needs and seeking behavior of Fisher folks in Uganda. Library & Information Science Research, 25, 89-105.10.1016/S0740-8188(02)00167-6Search in Google Scholar

Iqbal, N. (2003).Building a knowledge society: information needs and information problems in rural areas and urban informal settlements in Bangladesh. In M.Z. Rahman et al. (eds), Proceeding from National Conference on Information and Communication Technology 200( pp. 90-103). Malaysia: The Research Centre and Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology, International Islamic University Malaysia.Search in Google Scholar

Islam, M.S. (2010). Impact assessment of rural libraries in Bangladesh (Unpublished Doctoral thesis), University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.Search in Google Scholar

Islam, M.S.& Ahmed, S.M.Z. (2012) The information needs and information-seeking behaviour of rural dwellers: A review of research. IFLA Journal, 38(2) 137-147.10.1177/0340035212444513Search in Google Scholar

Jentoft, S., Onyango, P., & Islam, M. M. (2010). Freedom and poverty in the fishery commons. International Journal of the Commons, 4(1). Retrieved from https://www.thecommonsjournal.org/articles/10.18352/ijc.157/10.18352/ijc.157Search in Google Scholar

Kabir, E. (2014). Kalapara upazila. Banglapedia. Retrieved from http://www.banglapedia.org/HT/K_0035.htmSearch in Google Scholar

Kalusopa, T. (2005). The challenges of utilizing information communication technologies (ICTs) for the small-scale farmers in Zambia. Library Hi Tech, 23(3), 414-424.10.1108/07378830510621810Search in Google Scholar

Khan, M.S.I. (1997). Information support for the rural people. In Sub-Regional Workshop on Redefined Roles of Libraries in an Information Society and Promotion of UNESCO Network of Associated Libraries (UNAL). Dhaka: UNESCO and BANSDOC.Search in Google Scholar

Khanum, R. (2015). Socio-economic conditions of fishermen: Evidence from Hakaluki Haor of Bangladesh. Asian Business Review, 2(2), 19-21. Retrieved from http://www.journals.abc.us.org/index.php/abr/article/view/Khanum10.18034/abr.v2i2.299Search in Google Scholar

Lingel, J. (2011). Information tactics of immigrants in urban environments. Information Research, 16(4). Retrieved from http://www.informationr.net/ir/16-4/paper500.htmlSearch in Google Scholar

Mamun-ur-Rashid, M., & Akanda, M. G. R. (2015). Fish farmer’s access to information communication media: A gender based comparative study in a selected village of Bangladesh. 2(4), 168-173. Retrieved from http://www.fisheriesjournal.com/vol2issue4/Pdf/2-4-17.11.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

Marcella, R. & Baxter, G. (1999). The information needs and the information seeking behaviour of a national sample of the population in the United Kingdom, with special reference to needs related to citizenship. Journal of Documentation, 55(2),159-183.10.1108/EUM0000000007142Search in Google Scholar

McKnight, M. (2007). A grounded theory model of on-duty critical care nurses’ information behavior: The patient-chart cycle of informative interactions. Journal of Documentation, 63(1), 57-73.10.1108/00220410710723885Search in Google Scholar

Meitei, L.S. & Devi, T.P. (2009). Farmers information needs in rural Manipur: An assessment. Annals of Library and Information Studies, 56: 35-40. Retrieved from http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/4165/1/ALIS%2056(1)%2035-40.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

Momodu, M. (2002). Information needs and information seeking behaviour of rural dwellers in Nigeria: a case study of Ekpoma in Esan West local government area of Edo state, Nigeria. Library Review, 51(8), 406-410.10.1108/00242530210443145Search in Google Scholar

Mooko, N.P. (2005). The information behaviors of rural women in Botswana. Library & Information Science Research, 27(1), 115-127.10.1016/j.lisr.2004.09.012Search in Google Scholar

Mtega, W.P. (2012). Access to and usage of information among rural communities: A case study of Kilosa District Morogoro Region in Tanzania. Partnership: the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research. 7(1). Retrieved from https://journal.lib.uoguelph.ca/index.php/perj/article/view/1646/2462#.U8uyq-Miyrg10.21083/partnership.v7i1.1646Search in Google Scholar

Musib, S. K. (1991). Information seeking patterns in the rural areas of West Bengali, Indian. A survey report on cottage industries. Indian Association of Special Libraries and Information Centre (IASLIC) Bulletin, 36(4), 177-187.Search in Google Scholar

Naveed, M.A. and Anwar, M.A. (2013). Agricultural information needs of Pakistani farmers. Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Science, 18(3), 13-23.Search in Google Scholar

Niu, X., & Hemminger, B. M. (2012). A study of factors that affect the information‐seeking behavior of academic scientists. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(2), 336-353.10.1002/asi.21669Search in Google Scholar

Njoku, I.F. (2004). The information needs and information-seeking behavior of fishermen in Lagos State, Nigeria. International Information & Library Review, 36, 297-307. doi:10.1016/j.iilr.2003.10.013Search in Google Scholar

Ojiambo, J.B. (1989). Communication of agricultural information between research scientists, extension personnel and farmers in Kenya. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Pittsburgh.Search in Google Scholar

Okwu, O.J., Yahaya, M.A.& Obinne, C.P.O (2011). Analysis of artisanal fisher folk information needs and accessibility in Benue State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(5), 408-413. Retrieved from http://maxwellsci.com/print/ajas/v3-408-413.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

Owolade, E. O., & Kayode, A. (2012). Information-seeking behavior and utilization among snail farmers in Oyo State, Nigeria: Implications for sustainable animal production. Journal of International Agricultural and Extension Education, 19(3), 39-49.10.5191/jiaee.2012.19304Search in Google Scholar

Palmer, J. (1991). Scientists and information: II. Personal factors in information behaviour. Journal of documentation, 47(3), 254-275.Search in Google Scholar

Palys, T., & Atchison, C. (2008). Research decisions: Qualitative and quantitative perspectives (4th Edition). Toronto: Nelson Education.Search in Google Scholar

Paul. R. (2014, July 8). U.N. tribunal rules for Bangladesh in sea border dispute with India. Reuters. Retrieved from http://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-bangladesh-india-seaborder-idUKKBN0FD15N20140708.Search in Google Scholar

Pawley, C. (2003). Information literacy: a contradictory coupling. The library quarterly, 73(4), 422-452.10.1086/603440Search in Google Scholar

Ross, C. S. (2009). Reader on top: Public libraries, pleasure reading, and models of reading. Library Trends, 57(4), 632-656.10.1353/lib.0.0059Search in Google Scholar

Rothbauer, P. (2010). Beyond a signpost for resistance: The promise of Michel de Certeau’s practices of everyday life for LIS scholarship. In Gloria J. Leckie, Lisa E. Given and John (eds.). Critical theory for library and information science (pp. 53-62), Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.Search in Google Scholar

Rothbauer, P.M. (2007). Locating the library as place among lesbian, gay, bisexual and queer patrons. In John E. Buschman and Gloria J. Leckie (Eds.), The library as place: History, community, and culture (pp. 101-115). Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.Search in Google Scholar

Rothbauer, P. (2005). Practice of everyday life. In K.E. Fisher, S. Erdelez, & L.E.F. McKechnie (Eds.), Theories of information behaviour (pp. 284-288). Medford, NJ: Information Today.Search in Google Scholar

Sahu, D. (2004). Information-seeking behaviour of rural people in West Bengal: A case study. In: A. Chatterjee et al. (eds). Information support for rural development (pp. 269-280). Kolkata: IASLIC.Search in Google Scholar

Sahu, H. K., & Nath Singh, S. (2013, February). Information seeking behaviour of astronomy/astrophysics scientists. In Aslib Proceedings (Vol. 65, No. 2, pp. 109-142). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.10.1108/00012531311313961Search in Google Scholar

Saleh, A.G. & Lasisi, F.I. (2011). Information needs and information seeking behavior of rural women in Borno State, Nigeria. Library Philosophy and Practice. Retrieved from http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/~mbolin/saleh-lasisi2.htm (Archived by WebCiteR at http://www.webcitation.org/6ecZ7vcRo ).Search in Google Scholar

Sharma, A.K. (2007).Information seeking behaviour of rural people: A study. SRELS Journal of Information Management. 44 (4): 341-360.Search in Google Scholar

Sonnenwald, D.H. (1999). Evolving perspectives of human information behavior: Contexts, situations, social networks and information horizons. In Wilson, T. and Allen, D. (Eds), Exploring the Contexts of Information Behaviour (pp. 176-90). London: Taylor Graham.Search in Google Scholar

Sultana, P., Thompson, P.M., & Ahmed, M. (2002). Women-led fisheries management - A case study from Bangladesh. In Williams, M.J., Chao, N.H., Choo, P.S., Matics, K., Nandeesha, M.C., Shariff, M., Siason, I., Tech, E., Wong, J.M.C. (Eds.). Global Symposium on Women in Fisheries, Sixth Asian Fisheries Forum (pp. 89-96), Penang. Kaohsiung, Taiwan: World Fish Center.Search in Google Scholar

Sundin, O. (2002). Nurses’ information seeking and use as participation in occupational communities. New Review of Information Behaviour Research, 3, 187-202.Search in Google Scholar

Uzezi, O.P. (2015). Agricultural and information needs and utilization among migrant fishermen by gender: A study of Isoko Reverie Community, Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences, 6(5), 263-267. Retrieved from http://www.cisjournal.org/journalofcomputing/archive/vol6no5/vol6no5_5.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

Yu, L. (2010). How poor informationally are the information poor? Evidence from an empirical study of daily and regular information practices of individuals. Journal of Documentation, 66(6): 906-933.Search in Google Scholar

Yusop, N.I. et al. (2013). Information needs of rural communities. The Journal of Community Informatics, 9(1). Retrieved from http://ci-journal.net/index.php/ciej/article/view/586/965Search in Google Scholar

Zhang, Y. & Yu, L. (2009). Information for social and economic participation: A review of related research on the information needs and acquisition of rural Chinese. International Information & Library Review, 41(2), 63-70.10.1080/10572317.2009.10762800Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2016-11-23
Accepted: 2017-5-29
Published Online: 2017-7-14
Published in Print: 2017-6-27

© 2017

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License.

Downloaded on 1.2.2023 from https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/opis-2017-0003/html
Scroll Up Arrow