Skip to content
BY-NC-ND 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access March 15, 2018

Toponyms as Entry Points into a Digital Edition: Mapping Die Fackel

  • Adrien Barbaresi EMAIL logo
From the journal Open Information Science


The emergence of Spatial Humanities has prompted for interdisciplinary work on digitized texts, especially since the significance of place names exceeds the usually admitted frame of deictic and indexical functions. In this perspective, I present a visualization of toponyms co-occurrences in the literary journal Die Fackel ("The Torch"), published by the satirist and language critic Karl Kraus in Vienna from 1899 until 1936. The distant reading experiments consist in drawing lines on maps in order to uncover patterns which are not easily retraceable during close reading. I discuss their status in the context of a digital humanities study. This is not an authoritative cartography of the work but rather an indirect depiction of the viewpoint of Kraus and his contemporaries. Drawing on Kraus' vitriolic recording of political life, toponyms in Die Fackel tell a story about the ongoing reconfiguration of Europe.


AAC - Austrian Academy Corpus (2007). AAC-FACKEL, Online Version: “Die Fackel. Herausgeber: Karl Kraus, Wien 1899-1936”.Search in Google Scholar

Biber, H., Breiteneder, E., Kabas, H., and Mörth, K. (ed.), Edition No 1, in Google Scholar

Alex, B., Byrne, K., Grover, C., and Tobin, R. (2015). “Adapting the Edinburgh Geoparser for Historical Georeferencing”. International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, 9:1 (2015), 15-35.10.3366/ijhac.2015.0136Search in Google Scholar

Barbaresi, A. (2012). “La Raison aveugle ? L’époque cybernétique et ses dispositifs”. Conference manuscript: Les critiques de la raison au XXe siècle, University Paris-Est-Créteil, 2012.Search in Google Scholar

Barbaresi, A. and Biber, H. (2016). “Extraction and Visualization of Toponyms in Diachronic Text Corpora”. Digital Humanities 2016: Conference Abstracts, pp. 732-734.Search in Google Scholar

Barbaresi, A. (2017). “Toponyms as Entry Points into a Digital Edition: Mapping Die Fackel (1899-1936)”. In Digital Humanities (pp. 159-161). McGill University & Université de Montréal.Search in Google Scholar

Barbaresi, A. (2017). “Towards a toolbox to map historical text collections”. In Proceedings of the 11th workshop on Geographic Information Retrieval (GIR’17), to appear.10.1145/3155902.3155905Search in Google Scholar

Barbaresi, A. (2018). “A constellation and a rhizome: two studies on toponyms in literary texts”. In Visual Linguistics, Bubenhofer, N. and Kupietz, M. (Eds.). Heidelberg University Publishing, Heidelberg. To appear.Search in Google Scholar

Bertin, J. (1967). Sémiologie graphique : les diagrammes, les réseaux, les cartes. Paris: Bordas.Search in Google Scholar

Biber, H. (2001). “In Wien, in Prag und infolgedessen in Berlin - Ortskonstellationen in der ‘Fackel’”. Marten-Finnis, S. and Uecker, M. (eds), Berlin-Wien-Prag. Moderne, Minderheiten und Migration in der Zwischenkriegszeit, Peter Lang, pp. 15-26.Search in Google Scholar

Bodenhamer, D. J., Corrigan, J. and Harris, T. M. (2010). The Spatial Humanities: GIS and the Future of Humanities Scholarship. Indiana University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Borin, L., Dannélls, D., and Olsson, L.-J. (2014). “Geographic visualization of place names in Swedish literary texts”. Literary and Linguistic Computing, 29, 3 (2014), 400-404.Search in Google Scholar

Bubenhofer, N. (2014). “Geokollokationen - Diskurse zu Orten: Visuelle Korpusanalyse”. Mitteilungen des Deutschen Germanistenverbandes, 61(1), pp. 45-89.10.14220/mdge.2014.61.1.45Search in Google Scholar

Buscaldi, D. (2011). “Approaches to disambiguating toponyms”. SIGSPATIAL Special 3, 2 (2011), 16-19.Search in Google Scholar

Caquard, S. and Cartwright, W. (2014). “Narrative Cartography: From Mapping Stories to the Narrative of Maps and Mapping”. The Cartographic Journal, 51(2), pp. 101-106.10.1179/0008704114Z.000000000130Search in Google Scholar

Chinchor, N. and Robinson, P. “MUC-7 Named Entity Task Definition”, in Proceedings of the 7th Message Understanding Conference, 1997.Search in Google Scholar

Crampton, J. W. (2001). “Maps as social constructions: power, communication and visualization”. Progress in Human Geography, 25(2):235-252.10.1191/030913201678580494Search in Google Scholar

Domínguez, C. (2011). “Literary Geography and Comparative Literature”. CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture, 13(5), 3.10.7771/1481-4374.1902Search in Google Scholar

Dear, M. et al. (2011). GeoHumanities: Art, History, Text at the Edge of Place. Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

Deleuze, G. and Guattari, F. (1980). Mille Plateaux. Éditions de Minuit. English translation: 1987, University of Minnesota Press, translation by Brian Massumi.Search in Google Scholar

Feld, S. “Waterfalls of song: An acoustemology of place resounding in Bosavi, Papua New Guinea”, In S. Feld & K. H. Basso (Eds.), Senses of place, pp. 91-135, Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press, 1996.Search in Google Scholar

Foucault, M. (1984). “Of Other Spaces, Heterotopias”. Architecture, Mouvement, Continuité, 5, 46-49. Original Publication: Conférence au Cercle d’études architecturales, March 14th, 1967.Search in Google Scholar

Gerlach, J. (2014). “Lines, contours and legends. Coordinates for vernacular mapping”. Progress in Human Geography, 38(1):22-39.10.1177/0309132513490594Search in Google Scholar

Gregory, I. N. and Hardie, A. (2011). “Visual GISting: Bringing together corpus linguistics and Geographical Information Systems”. Literary and Linguistic Computing, 26(3):297-314.10.1093/llc/fqr022Search in Google Scholar

Harley, J. B. (1989). “Deconstructing the map”. Cartographica: The international journal for geographic information and geovisualization, 26(2), 1-20.10.3138/E635-7827-1757-9T53Search in Google Scholar

Hirt, A. (2002). L’Universel reportage et sa magie noire. Karl Kraus, le journal et la philosophie. Kimé.Search in Google Scholar

Hu, Y., Janowicz, K. and Prasad, S. (2014). “Improving Wikipedia-Based Place Name Disambiguation in Short Texts Using Structured Data from Dbpedia”. Proceedings of the 8th Workshop on Geographic Information Retrieval, ACM, pp. 8-16.10.1145/2675354.2675356Search in Google Scholar

Ingold, T. (2007). Lines: A Brief History. Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

Juvan, M. “From Spatial Turn to GIS-Mapping of Literary Cultures”, European Review, 23(1), pp. 81-96, 2015.10.1017/S1062798714000568Search in Google Scholar

Kouno, E. (2015). Die Performativität der Satire bei Karl Kraus. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot.10.3790/978-3-428-54435-6Search in Google Scholar

Krolop, K. (1994). Reflexionen der Fackel - Neue Studien über Karl Kraus. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.Search in Google Scholar

Latour, B. (1999). “On recalling ANT”. The Sociological Review, 47(S1):15-25.Search in Google Scholar

Leetaru, K. H. (2012). “Fulltext geocoding versus spatial metadata for large text archives: Towards a geographically enriched Wikipedia”. D-Lib Magazine, 18(9), 5.10.1045/september2012-leetaruSearch in Google Scholar

Leidner, J. L. and Lieberman, M. D. (2011). “Detecting Geographical References in the Form of Place Names and Associated Spatial Natural Language”, SIGSPATIAL Special, 3(2):5-11.10.1145/2047296.2047298Search in Google Scholar

Melo, F. and Martins, B. (2017). “Automated Geocoding of Textual Documents: A Survey of Current Approaches”. Transactions in GIS, 21, 3-38.10.1111/tgis.12212Search in Google Scholar

Moretti, F. (1999). Atlas of the European novel, 1800-1900. Verso.Search in Google Scholar

Nouvel, D., Ehrmann, M. and Rosset, S. (2015). Les entités nommées pour le traitement automatique des langues, ISTE Editions, London.Search in Google Scholar

Piatti, B., Reuschel, A.-K., & Hurni, L. (2011). “A Literary Atlas of Europe-Analysing the Geography of Fiction with an Interactive Mapping and Visualisation System”. In Proceedings of the 25th international cartographic conference (pp. 3-8).Search in Google Scholar

Pouliquen B. et al., “Geocoding multilingual texts: Recognition, disambiguation and visualisation”, Proceedings of LREC, pp. 53-58, ELRA, 2006.Search in Google Scholar

Rossetto, T. (2014). “Theorizing Maps with Literature”. Progress in Human Geography, 38(4), 513-530.10.1177/0309132513510587Search in Google Scholar

Smith, M. L. (2005). “Networks, territories, and the cartography of ancient states”. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 95(4), pp. 832-849.10.1111/j.1467-8306.2005.00489.xSearch in Google Scholar

Scharloth, J., Eugster, D. and Bubenhofer, N. (2013). “Das Wuchern der Rhizome. Linguistische Diskursanalyse und Data-driven Turn”. Linguistische Diskursanalyse: neue Perspektiven. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, pp. 345-380.Search in Google Scholar

Vrandečić, D. and Krötzsch, M., “Wikidata: A Free Collaborative Knowledge Base”, Communications of the ACM, 57(10), 78-85, 2014.10.1145/2629489Search in Google Scholar

Warf, B. and Arias, S. (2009). “Introduction: the reinsertion of space into the social sciences and humanities”. The Spatial Turn: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Routledge, London.Search in Google Scholar

Welzig, W. (Ed.). (2008). Schmipfwörterbuch zu der von Karl Kraus herausgegebenen Zeitschrift “Die Fackel” - Explikatives. Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.Search in Google Scholar

Wulfman, C. E. (2014). “The Plot of the Plot: Graphs and Visualizations”. The Journal of Modern Periodical Studies, 5(1):94-109.10.5325/jmodeperistud.5.1.0094Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2017-08-17
Accepted: 2017-12-01
Published Online: 2018-03-15

© 2018 Adrien Barbaresi, published by De Gruyter

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License.

Downloaded on 4.12.2023 from
Scroll to top button