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BY 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access April 18, 2022

Fake news during the pandemic times: A Systematic Literature Review using PRISMA

  • Tahir Mumtaz Awan EMAIL logo , Mahroz Aziz , Aruba Sharif , Tehreem Raza Ch , Taha Jasam and Yusra Alvi
From the journal Open Information Science


The purpose of this systematic literature review is to review the major studies about misinformation and fake news during COVID-19 on social media. A total of 144 articles studies were retrieved from ScienceDirect, Scopus, and Web of Science databases and 20 relevant articles were selected using the PRISMA technique. It was found that altruism, instant news sharing, self-promotion, and socialization are predictors of fake news sharing. Furthermore, the human mind plays a significant role in spreading misinformation while the role of critical thinking of individuals is very much important in controlling the flow of misinformation.


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Received: 2021-02-26
Accepted: 2022-03-29
Published Online: 2022-04-18

© 2020 Tahir Mumtaz Awan et al., published by De Gruyter

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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