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BY 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access December 31, 2022

Data Ethics in Kenya: Ministry of Education and National Exam Results

  • Christine Mwongeli Mutuku
From the journal Open Information Science


This paper analyzes Kenya’s strategy of publicly announcing the National Exam results with all the subject’s personal identifiers in place. As much as Kenya purports to be aware of, and to uphold the rights of individuals, this analysis reveals that the Ministry of Education is the prime violator of data ethics in Kenya. The paper suggests ways to uphold the Basic Rights of Kenyans and on the need to adhere to the Data Protections Act of 2019 as a basic requirement in handling student data both in school and at the institutional level.


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Received: 2022-05-05
Accepted: 2022-11-14
Published Online: 2022-12-31

© 2022 Christine Mwongeli Mutuku, published by De Gruyter

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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