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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access December 7, 2016

Dictionaries of Neologisms: a Review and Proposals for its Improvement

Alexandre Rodríguez Guerra
From the journal Open Linguistics

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to study twelve modern Dictionaries of Neologisms (DN) in six different languages: Catalan, English, French, Galician, Italian and Spanish. I systematically analysed an array of relevant parameters in lexicographical works of this type. First, the two criteria most used by the DNs to identify the eligible lexical units are: the lexicographical (based on the use of a control corpus) and the chronological criterion. Second, I described and analysed in depth the macrostructure (origin of entries, variants, parts-of-speech) and the microstructure (definitions and senses, citations, examples and contexts, dating and thematic fields) of the DNs. From a general perspective, these DNs are grouped into three types: those developed by an author, by publishing houses and by Observatories of Neology – each with different objectives and methodologies. Third, I have tried to summarize the main strengths and weaknesses of these DNs, and I propose a number of contents and measures intended in particular to improve modern DNs. Finally, I conclude that in the 21st century we can indeed speak of a “neological lexicography”.

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Received: 2016-5-6
Accepted: 2016-10-17
Published Online: 2016-12-7

© 2016 Alexandre Rodríguez Guerra

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

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