Skip to content
BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access May 10, 2016

Multiple Religious Orientation

Jeanine Diller
From the journal Open Theology

Abstract

This paper focuses on the question of how one can live out multiple religions at once. I arrive at and explore eight answers to this question in the form of eight multiple religious orientations that I argue form a continuum from lighter to more intense forms of participation, i.e., seeking, multiple religious curiosity, hybrid identity without belonging, open single belonging, single belonging with crossing over, hybrid identity with belonging, double belonging, and beyond belonging. In the end, this understanding of religious orientations gives us names and a conceptual order for multiple religious participation which together may allow us to ask old questions more carefully and ask some new questions, too. It also leaves us with a wider personal perspective on the field.



References

Al-Arabi, Ibn. tr. Reynold A. Nicholson. The Tarjuman al-Ashwaq. 1911. The Internet Sacred Texts Archive. http://www.sacred-texts.com/isl/taa/taa14.htm. Accessed 1/21/16. Search in Google Scholar

Berthrong, John. Divine Deli: Religious Identity in the North American Cultural Mosaic. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1999. Search in Google Scholar

Clooney, Francis X., S.J. “New Wave Interreligious Thinking.” America. In All Things Blog. June 7, 2013. Vol. 210, number 5053. Accessed June 7, 2015 at http://www.americamagazine.org/content/all-things/new-wave-interreligious-thinking. Search in Google Scholar

Clooney, Francis X., S.J. Comparative Theology: Deep Learning Across Religious Borders. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010. 10.1002/9781444318951Search in Google Scholar

Cornille, Catherine. “Introduction: The Dynamics of Multiple Belonging.” In her Many Mansions?: Multiple Religious Belonging and Christian Identity, 1-6. Orbis Books, 2002. Search in Google Scholar

Dalai Lama. “Buddhism and Other Religions.” In Philosophy of Religion: Selected Readings, 4th ed. Edited by Michael Peterson et. al., 577-580. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010 [originally 1988]. Search in Google Scholar

Feldmeier, Peter. Encounters in Faith: Christianity in Interreligious Dialogue. Winona, MN: Anselm Academic, 2011. Search in Google Scholar

Fletcher, Jeannine Hill. “Shifting Identity.” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion. Vol. 19, no. 2, 2003, 5-24. Search in Google Scholar

Heim, S. Mark. Salvations: Truth and Difference in Religion. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1995. Search in Google Scholar

Hick, John. An Interpretation of Religion: Human Responses to the Transcendent. Second edition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 2004. Search in Google Scholar

Hanh, Thich Nhat. Living Buddha, Living Christ. New York: Berkley Publishing, 2007. Search in Google Scholar

Kennedy, Robert, S.J. and Roshi. Zen Gifts to Christians. New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2004. http://kennedyzen.tripod.com/ Search in Google Scholar

Knitter, Paul. Without Buddha I Could not Be a Christian. Croydon, UK: Oneworld Publications, 2009. Search in Google Scholar

Merton, Thomas. Mystics and Zen Masters. New York: Douglas & McIntyre, 1967. Search in Google Scholar

Merton, Thomas. Seven Storey Mountain. Fiftieth anniversary edition. New York: Harcourt Brace and Company, 1998. Search in Google Scholar

Miller, Vincent. Consuming Religion. New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2013. Search in Google Scholar

Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life. “‘Nones’ on the Rise: One-in-Five Adults Have No Religious Affiliation.” Luis Logo, Director. 2012. Accessed at http://www.pewforum.org/2012/10/09/nones-on-the-rise/. Search in Google Scholar

Rahner, Karl. “Religious Inclusivism.” In Philosophy of Religion: Selected Readings, 4th ed. Ed. Michael Peterson et. al., 588-596. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010 [originally 1980]. Search in Google Scholar

Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice: Revised Edition. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1999. 10.4159/9780674042582Search in Google Scholar

Roberts, Michelle Voss. “Religious Belonging and the Multiple.” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion. Vol. 26, no. 1, 2010, 43-62. 10.2979/fsr.2010.26.1.43Search in Google Scholar

Ruhmkorff, Samuel. “The incompatibility problem and religious pluralism beyond Hick.” Philosophy Compass. Vol. 8, 2013, 510–522. 10.1111/phc3.12032Search in Google Scholar

Rumi, Jalal ad-Din. “Poems from the Divan-I Shams-I Tabriz” [1270]. The Internet History Sourcebooks Project of Fordham University: The Jesuit University of New York. https://legacy.fordham.edu/halsall/source/1270rumi-poems1.asp. Accessed 1/21/2016. Search in Google Scholar

Swidler, Leonard. “What is Dialogue?” under “Dialogue Resources” on the website of the Dialogue Institute/Journal of Ecumenical Studies, http://dialogueinstitute.org/what-is-dialogue/. Accessed 1/21/16. Search in Google Scholar

Tu, Janet I. “‘I am Both Muslim and Christian’.” Seattle Times, 2007. http://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/i-am-both-muslim-and-christian/. Accessed 1/21/16. Search in Google Scholar

Tu, Janet I. “Episcopal Priest Ann Holmes Redding Has Been Defrocked.” Seattle Times, 2009. http://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/episcopal-priest-ann-holmes-redding-has-been-defrocked/. Accessed 1/21/16. Search in Google Scholar

Wheaton College Media Center. “Wheaton College Statement Regarding Dr. Larycia Hawkins.” http://www.wheaton.edu/Media-Center/Media-Relations/Statements/Wheaton-College-Statement-Regarding-Dr-Hawkins. 2016. Accessed 1/21/16. Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2016-1-24
Accepted: 2016-3-31
Published Online: 2016-5-10

©2016 Jeanine Diller

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

Downloaded on 10.12.2022 from https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/opth-2016-0028/html
Scroll Up Arrow