Skip to content
BY-NC-ND 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access September 14, 2018

What Makes Us Human? The Lutheran Anthropological Link Between Wingren and Ricoeur

Bengt Kristensson Uggla
From the journal Open Theology

Abstract

This paper explores the link between the extra nos in Gustaf Wingren’s theological anthropology and the homo capax in Paul Ricoeur’s philosophical anthropology, considered as two creative receptions of the tradition from Luther. I will argue that the reason that we find such synergies between these two thinkers, even though neither of them ever referred to the other, has to do with their common roots in, and their contributions to rethink, the tradition from the Reformation. Wingren takes his specific place in twentieth century theology as an angry critic of the dominant anti-liberal movements that took the distinctively Christian-in opposition to what we all share as human beings-as methodological startingpoint when understanding the Christian faith, and as an alternative he developed understanding of what it means to be human by starting “outside” oneself. Ricoeur’s philosophical position is developed as a creative alternative to both humanist and anti-humanist approaches, expressed as a wounded cogito capable of imagining “onself as another.” Taken together, these two thinkers provide us with a profound dialectical way of thinking what it means to be human by bringing together a de-centered self and a centered self as integral parts of a wider dialectics.

References

Braidotti, Rosi. The Posthuman. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2013.Search in Google Scholar

Ebeling, Gerhard. Luther: An Introduction to His Thought. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1970.Search in Google Scholar

Fareld, Victoria. Att vara utom sig inom sig: Charles Taylor, erkännandet och Hegels aktualitet. Göteborg: Glänta, 2008.Search in Google Scholar

Gregersen, Niels-Henrik, Bengt Kristensson Uggla, and Trygve Wyller. Reformation Theology for a Post-Secular Age: Løgstrup, Prenter, Wingren, and the Future of Scandinavian Creation Theology [Research in Contemporary Religion, volume 24]. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2017.Search in Google Scholar

Jüngel, Eberhard. God as the Mystery of the World: On the Foundation of the Theology of the Crucified One in the Dispute between Theism and Atheism. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1977/1983. Translated by Darrell L. Guder.Search in Google Scholar

Kristensson Uggla, Bengt. Ricoeur, Hermeneutics, and Globalization. London/New York: Continuum, 2010.10.5040/9781472547415Search in Google Scholar

Kristensson Uggla, Bengt. “Ricoeur and/or Theology.” Svensk Teologisk Kvartalskrift (STK) 1-2 (2015), 14-24.Search in Google Scholar

Kristensson Uggla, Bengt. Becoming Human Again: The Theological Life of Gustaf Wingren. Eugene, Or: Cascade Books, 2016.Search in Google Scholar

Kristensson Uggla, Bengt. “Coping with Academic Schizophrenia: The Privileged Place of the Person when Confronting the Anthropological Deficit of Contemporary Social Imagination: Christian Smith and Paul Ricoeur.” Eco-ethica, volume 5. Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2016, 199-218.Search in Google Scholar

Lévinas, Emmanuel. Humanism of the Other. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003. Translated by Nidra Poller.Search in Google Scholar

Luther, Martin. Three Treatises. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1970.10.2307/j.ctv1hqdk12Search in Google Scholar

Mühlen, Karl-Heinz zur. Nos Extra Nos: Luthers Theologie zwischen Mystik und Scholastik. Tübingen: J C B Mohr, 1972.Search in Google Scholar

Ricoeur, Paul. Freedom and Nature: The Voluntary and the Involuntary. Evanston: Northwestern University Press. Translated by E V Kohak.Search in Google Scholar

Ricoeur, Paul. The Symbolism of Evil. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1960/1969. Translated by Emerson Buchanan.Search in Google Scholar

Ricoeur, Paul. Freud and Philosophy: An Essay on Interpretation. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 1965/1970. Translated by David SavageSearch in Google Scholar

Ricoeur, Paul. “Appropriation”. In A Ricoeur Reader: Reflection and Imagination, edited by Mario J Valdčs. New York/London/ Toronto: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1972, 86-98.Search in Google Scholar

Paul Ricoeur. Hermeneutics and the Human Sciences. Cambridge University Press, 1981. Translated by John B. Thompson.10.1017/CBO9781316534984Search in Google Scholar

Ricoeur, Paul. Time and Narrative, Volume 3. Chicago : The University of Chicago Press, 1985/1988. Translated by Kathleen Blamey and David Pellauer.10.7208/chicago/9780226713533.001.0001Search in Google Scholar

Ricoeur, Paul. Oneself as Another. Chicago: The Chicago University Press 1990/1992. Translated by Kathleen Blamey.Search in Google Scholar

Schwöbel, Christoph. “Promise and Trust: Lutheran Identity in a Multicultural Society.” In Justification in a Post-Christian Society, edited by Carl-Henrik Grenholm & Göran Gunner, 16-33. Eugene, Or: Pickwick, 2014.Search in Google Scholar

Smith, Christian. What Is a Person? Rethinking Humanity, Social Life, and the Moral Good from the Person Up. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2010.10.7208/chicago/9780226765938.001.0001Search in Google Scholar

Taylor, Mark C. After God. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2007.Search in Google Scholar

Wingren, Gustaf. Luther on Vocation. Philadephia: Muhlenberg Press, 1942/1957. Translated by Carl C Rasmussen.Search in Google Scholar

Wingren, Gustaf. Man and the Incarnation: A Study in the Biblical theology of Irenaeus. Philadelphia: Muhlenberg Press, 1947/1959. Translated by Ross Mackenzie.Search in Google Scholar

Wingren, Gustaf. “Arbetets mening.” In Svensk Teologisk Kvartalskrift 25 (1949), 278-86.Search in Google Scholar

Wingren, Gustaf. Creation and Law. Philadelphia: Muhlenberg Press, 1958/1961. Translated by Ross Mackenzie.Search in Google Scholar

Wingren, Gustaf. Gospel and Church. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1960/1964. Translated by Ross Mackenzie.Search in Google Scholar

Wingren, Gustaf. “Vad betyder Luther idag?” In Luther idag: Svenska kyrkans reformationsjubileum 1967. Lund: Hakan Ohlssons förlag, 1967, 5-26.Search in Google Scholar

Wingren, Gustaf. Credo: The Christian View of Faith and Life. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1974/1981. Translated by Edgar M Carlsson.Search in Google Scholar

Wingren, Gustaf. Människa och kristen: En bok om Irenaeus. Stockholm: Verbum, 1983.Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2018-05-22
Accepted: 2018-07-30
Published Online: 2018-09-14

© by Bengt Kristensson Uggla, published by De Gruyter

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License.

Scroll Up Arrow