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Die Nationale Industriestrategie 2030: Eine kritische Diskussion

Jan Schnellenbach and Sören Schwuchow
From the journal ORDO

Zusammenfassung

Wir analysieren die Nationale Industriestrategie 2030, die im Februar 2019 vom Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie veröffentlicht wurde. Bei dieser Strategie handelt es sich um einen Versuch, vertikale Industriepolitik in Deutschland zu stärken. Wir argumentieren, dass die theoretische und empirische Rechtfertigung für diese Strategie insgesamt schwach ist. Die vom Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi) vorgeschlagenen Instrumente weisen meist nur eine sehr geringe Passgenauigkeit zur mittelständisch geprägten deutschen Unternehmenslandschaft auf. Sie stellen Anforderungen an die Fähigkeiten der staatlichen Entscheidungsträger, die in der Realität kaum vorzufinden sind. Eine sinnvolle Alternative würde in einer Rückbesinnung auf ordnungspolitische Prinzipien, insbesondere die Gewährleistung einer hohen Wettbewerbsintensität, bestehen.

Abstract

We analyse the National Strategy for Industry, which has been published in February 2019 by the German Federal Minister for the Economy. The strategy attempts to strengthen vertical industrial policy in Germany. We argue that there is little theoretical and empirical justification to be found in the literature for this particular strategy. In particular, the instruments proposed by the administration are characterised by a bad fit for the German model of the economy, which emphasises the importance of small- and medium-sized, as well as family-owned businesses. The strategy needs unrealistically good and unbiased decision-makers in the administration. It would be a reasonable alternative to revitalise the principles of Ordnungspolitik, i. e. to foster entry, exit and the intensity of competition.

JEL-Klassifikation: D49; L10; L52; P16

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Online erschienen: 2019-03-19
Erschienen im Druck: 2019-03-16

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