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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Oldenbourg November 20, 2023

Private Militärunternehmer aus institutionenökonomischer Sicht

Private military companies from an institutional economic perspective
  • Frank Daumann EMAIL logo
From the journal ORDO

Abstract

Private Militärdienstleister haben seit Ende des Kalten Krieges eine Renaissance erlebt. Von ihrem Einsatz versprechen sich die Auftraggeber bestimmte Vorteile wie etwa vermeintlich günstigere Kosten, eine schnellere Einsatzbereitschaft und die Möglichkeit, verdeckte Operationen durchzuführen. Diesen Vorteilen stehen jedoch auch erhebliche Nachteile gegenüber. Dieser Beitrag analysiert die entsprechenden Problemfelder, die durch den Einsatz privater Militärdienstleister verursacht werden, mit Hilfe der Neuen Institutionenökonomie und diskutiert Lösungsansätze. Dabei erweist es sich als unglücklich, daß derartige Auftraggeber, die nicht das Potential haben, diese Lösungsansätze effektiv zu nutzen, am stärksten vom Einsatz privater Militärdienstleister profitieren.

Abstract

Private military companies have experienced a renaissance since the end of the Cold War. The clients expect certain advantages from their use, such as supposedly lower costs, faster operational readiness and the possibility of carrying out covert operations. However, these advantages are offset by considerable disadvantages. This article analyzes the corresponding problems caused by the use of private military service providers with the help of the New Institutional Economics and discusses possible solutions. It turns out to be unfortunate that such clients, who do not have the potential to use these tools effectively, benefit most from the use of private military contractors.

JEL: L26; HH

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