Textural properties of the solid sorbents are critical to tuning their CO2 capture performance. In this work, we studied the effect of fiber density (in turn, pore size, distribution, and accessibility) on CO2 capture capacity and kinetics. CO2 solid sorbents were prepared by physisorption of tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) molecules on dendritic fibrous nanosilica (DFNS) with varying fiber density. Among the various DFNS, the DFNS with moderate fiber density [DFNS-3] showed the best CO2 capture capacity under the flue gas condition. The maximum CO2 capture capacity achieved was 24.3 wt % (5.53 mmol/g) at 75 °C for DFNS-3 under humid gas conditions. Fiber density also played a role in the kinetics of CO2 capture. DFNS-1 with dense fiber density needed ∼10.4 min to reach 90 % capture capacity, while DFNS-3 (moderate fiber density) needed only 6.4 min, which further decreased to 5.9 min for DFNS-5 with lightly dense fibers. The DFNS-impregnated TEPA also showed good recyclability during 21 adsorption and desorption cycles under humid and dry conditions. The total CO2 capture capacity of DFNS-3 (14.7) in 21 cycles was 108.9 and 105.0 mmol/g under humid and dry conditions, respectively. Adsorption lifetime calculation and recyclability confirmed the fiber density-dependent CO2 capture performance.
A collection of invited papers by the winners of the 2020 and 2022 IUPAC ChemRAWN VII Prize for Green Chemistry.
We acknowledge the SEM facility of TIFR, Mumbai. We sincerely thank Mr. L Borde and Ms. B Chalke’s assisting with EM measurements.
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