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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter April 20, 2016

Fossil Fuel Rents: Who Initiates International Crises?

Zorzeta Bakaki


Existing research suggests that both natural resource abundance and scarcity are likely to increase the risk of interstate and domestic conflict. Two crucial aspects, however, have largely been neglected in the existing literature: (1) the analysis of international crises (i.e. non-violent conflicts) and (2) the effects of different market conditions of energy resources. Especially a growing number of market participants can affect the strategic value of natural resources and, thus, the incentives for international crisis initiation. It is argued that different market structures make countries to adopt either aggressive or more peaceful behavior towards other states, and this is why I empirically then disaggregate fossil fuels along with the market that they belong to. This study examines 179 countries at the monadic level since 1980. The results suggest variation on the incentives of crisis initiation along the different fossil fuels, while I also correct for potential endogeneity issues.


Particular thanks go to Elina Brutschin, the anonymous reviewer and the Editor for their useful insights and suggestions.


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Supplemental Material:

The online version of this article (DOI: 10.1515/peps-2016-0001) offers supplementary material, available to authorized users.

Published Online: 2016-4-20
Published in Print: 2016-4-1

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