The article analyzes how Covid-19 might affect the risk of violence against civilians (VAC) in two ways. First, I glean from Armed Conflict Location and Event Data the quantity and types of Covid-related VAC attacks. Second, I present possible economic channels by which Covid could affect mass atrocity risk. I apply the channels to identify possible Covid-related economic risks for VAC in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
I am grateful to Jurgen Brauer, two anonymous reviewers, and the editor for helpful comments. The usual disclaimer applies.
Anderton, C. H., and J. Brauer. 2020. “Mass Atrocities and their Prevention.” Journal of Economic Literature. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/jel.20201458&&from=f.10.1257/jel.20201458Search in Google Scholar
Anderton, C. H., and E. V. Ryan. 2016. “Habituation to Atrocity: Low-Level Violence against Civilians as a Predictor of High-Level Attacks.” Journal of Genocide Research 16 (4): 539–62. https://doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2016.1216109.Search in Google Scholar
Armand, A., P. Atwell, and J. F. Gomes. 2020. “The Reach of Radio: Ending Civil Conflict Through Rebel Demobilization.” American Economic Review 110 (5): 1395–1429. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.20181135.Search in Google Scholar
Cuvelier, J., S. van Bockstael, K. Vlassenroot, and C. Iguma. 2014. Analyzing the Impact of the Dodd–Frank Act on Congolese Livelihoods. New York: Social Science Research Council.Search in Google Scholar
Gangopadhyay, P. 2016. “Economic Foundations of Religious Killings and Genocide with Special Reference to Pakistan, 1978–2012.” In Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and their Prevention, edited by C. H. Anderton and J. Brauer, 510–35. New York: Oxford University Press.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0022Search in Google Scholar
Krauser, M. 2020. “In the Eye of the Storm: Rebel Taxation of Artisanal Mines and Strategies of Violence.” Journal of Conflict Resolution. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022002720916824.Search in Google Scholar
Powder Metallurgy Review. 2020. Manufacturing Slowdown and Coronavirus Impact Metal Prices. www.pm-review.com/manufacturing-slowdown-and-coronavirus-impact-metal-prices/ (accessed June 9, 2020).Search in Google Scholar
Purdy, C. 2020. “Amid Food System Instability, the Humble Peanut is a Winner.” Quartz, April 27, 2020. qz.com/1846525/the-strength-of-peanuts-during-covid-19-could-be-bad-for-fashion/ (accessed June 10, 2020).Search in Google Scholar
Raleigh, C., A. Linke, H. Hegre, and J. Karlsen. 2010. “Introducing ACLED-Armed Conflict Location and Event Data.” Journal of Peace Research 47 (5): 651–60. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022343310378914.Search in Google Scholar
Verpoorten, Marijke. 2012. “Leave None to Claim the Land: A Malthusian Catastrophe in Rwanda?” Journal of Peace Research 49 (4): 547–63. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022343312437773.Search in Google Scholar
© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston