We have employed the exp(-φ(ξ))-expansion method to derive traveling waves solutions of breaking solition (BS), Zakharov-Kuznetsov-Burgers (ZKB), Ablowitz-Kaup-Newell-Segur (AKNS) water wave, Unstable nonlinear Schrödinger (UNLS) and Dodd-Bullough-Mikhailov (DBM) equations. These models have valuable applications in mathematical physics. The results of the constructed model, along with some graphical representations provide the basic knowlegde about these models. The derived results have various applications in applied science.
Partial differential equations (PDEs) have been measured with great significance due to its variety of applications in physics, applied mathematics and engineering. PDEs can be used to describe a wide variety of phenomena such as sound, heat, electrostatics, electrodynamics, fluids dynamics, elasticity and quantum mechanics. These seemingly distinct physical phenomena can be formalized similarly in terms of PDEs. Due to its broad/various applications and important mathematical properties, many methods have been presented to study in different aspects related with the solutions and physical phenomena of nonlinear wave equations. Hence, penetrating and constructing exact traveling wave solutions for nonlinear differential equations is a modern research area. Numerous effective methods were discussed to obtain solutions of nonlinear wave system of equations in different aspects [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10].
Recently, many new powerful methods have been proposed for finding the exact traveling waves solution of nonlinear evolution equations such as: the inverse scattering transform method , the homogeneous balance method, modified simple equation method, modified extended direct algebraic method, the tanhsech method and the extended tanhcoth method, the soliton ansatz method [11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20] and many more [21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40]. In previous studies the authors [23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29] applied, auxiliary equation, extended mapping, modified simple equation, modified extended and
The description of method is given in Section 2. In section 3, we apply the present method on selective models. Results and discussion are presented in Section 4. Finally, the Conclusions are given in Section 5.
Consider PDE in the form
where G is a polynomial function in v(x, y, z, t). Suppose,
Put (2) in (1),
where Q is a polynomial in V
Let (3) solution,
where φ(ξ) gratifies,
Casel 1.
Case 2.
Case 3.
Case 4.
Case 5.
Substituting 4) with 5) in 3), adjusting coefficients of exp(−mφ(ξ)), m=0,1,2,3,... equal to zero, we achieve numerous equations that can be solved with use of Mathematica.
Putting all values of parameters with solution of (5) in (4), we obtain solution of (1).
Consider general form of BS equation in [23]
Suppose the transformations,
Put (12) in (11), after integrating,
Let (13) has solution,
Substituting (14) with (5) in (13), we attained several equations
Then (14) becomes,
Case 1.
Case 2.
Case 3.
Case 4.
Case 5. If
The general form of three-dimensional Zakharov-Kuznetsov-Burgers equation [24, 25],
Let the transformations,
Put (23) in (22),
Let (24) has solution form of (14). Substituting (14) with (5) into Eq.(24), after solving we have,
Thus (14) can be written as:
Case 1.
Case 2.
Case 3.
Case 4.
Case 5.
Let the generalized form in [26, 27]
Consider,
Putting (33) in (32), we obtaine
Let (34) has solution form (14), after solving we have:
Hence, (14) becomes as:
Case 1.
Case 2.
Case 3.
Case 4.
Case 5.
The general form of unstable Schrödinger equation[28],
Consider,
Put (43) in (42),
Let (44) has solution form:
a_{0}, a_{1} and a_{2} are constants, which can be determined latter. Substituting (45) with (5) in (44), after solving we obtain:
we have demonstrated possible solutions regarding to (46).
Case I.
Case II.
Case III.
Consider,
Put (51) in (50),
Let V = e^{v} substitute it and its derivatives in (52), we obtained:
Suppose (53) has solution form of (45), after solving we have:
Case I.
Case II.
Case III.
We attained that our result in (18) is likely similar to the Eqs. (3.14) and (3.24) in the [23]. It is conversant that our result in (38) is approximately the same as the solution (13) and (19) in [27]. Moreover, solution (47) is nearly equal to solution (17) in [28] and solution (10) in [33]. Furthermore, our constructed solution (57) is likely the same as the solution (3.9) in [34] and solution (3.26b) in [35] respectively. our results are novel and have not been presented in any literature.
We have successfully employed the exp(-φ(ξ))-expansion method to construct solutions of important selective waves models. The investigated results have numerous applications in applied sciences and play a fruitful rule in nonlinear sciences. Our technique is simple and straightforward, which is useful for solving different evolutions equations in mathematics and physics.
[1] Ablowitz M.J., Clarkson P.A., Solitons Nonlinear Evolution Equation and Inverse Scattering, 1991, Cambridge University Press, New York. Search in Google Scholar
[2] Fan E., Zhang H., A note on the homogeneous balance method, Phys. Lett. A 1998, 246, 403-406.10.1016/S0375-9601(98)00547-7 Search in Google Scholar
[3] Wang1 M., Li X.,Simplified homogeneous balance method and its applications to the Whitham-Broer-Kaup model equations, J. Apply Math Phy, 2014, 2, 823-827.10.4236/jamp.2014.28091 Search in Google Scholar
[4] Seadawy A.R., Modulation instability analysis for the generalized derivative higher order nonlinear Schrödinger equation and its the bright and dark soliton solutions, Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 2017, 31, 14, 1353-1362. Search in Google Scholar
[5] Ali A., Seadawy A.R., Lu D., Soliton solutions of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with the dual power law nonlinearity and resonant nonlinear Schrödinger equation and their modulation instability analysis, Optik, 2017, 145, 79-88.10.1016/j.ijleo.2017.07.016 Search in Google Scholar
[6] Lu D., Seadawy A.R., Ali A., Applications of exact traveling wave solutions of Modified Liouville and the Symmetric Regularized Long Wave equations via two new techniques, Results in Physics, 2018, 9, 1403-1410.10.1016/j.rinp.2018.04.039 Search in Google Scholar
[7] Lu D., Seadawy A.R., Arshad M., Applications of extended simple equation method on unstable nonlinear Schrödinger equations, Optik, 2017, 140, 136-144.10.1016/j.ijleo.2017.04.032 Search in Google Scholar
[8] Seadawy A.R., Exact solutions of a two-dimensional nonlinear Schrodinger equation, Appl. Math. Lett. 2012, 25, 687-691. Search in Google Scholar
[9] Lu D., Seadawy A.R., Ali A., Dispersive traveling wave solutions of the Equal-Width and Modified Equal-Width equations via mathematical methods and its applications, Results in Physics 2018, 9, 313-320.10.1016/j.rinp.2018.02.036 Search in Google Scholar
[10] Arshad M., Seadawy A.R., Lu D., Wang J., Travelling wave solutions of Drinfeld–Sokolov–Wilson, Whitham–Broer–Kaup and (2 + 1)-dimensionalBroer–Kaup–Kupershmit equations and their applications, Chin. J. Phys. 2017, 55, 780-797.10.1016/j.cjph.2017.02.008 Search in Google Scholar
[11] K A Touchent K.A., Belgacem F.B., Nonlinear fractional partial differential equations systems solutions through a hybrid homotopy perturbation Sumudu transform method, Nonlinear Studies, 2015, 22, 4, 591-600. Search in Google Scholar
[12] Alam M.N., Hafez M.G., Belgace F.B., Applications of the novel (G ?/G) expansion method to find new exact traveling wave solutions of the nonlinear coupled Higgs field equation, Nonlinear Studies, 2015, 22, 4, 613-633. Search in Google Scholar
[13] Alam M.N., Belgace F.B., Analytical treatment of the evolutionary (1+1) dimensional combined KdV-mKdV equation via novel (G/G)-expansion method, Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics, (2015) 1571-1579. Search in Google Scholar
[14] Khan M.A., Akbar M.A., Belgacem F.B.M., Solitary Wave Solutions for the Boussinesq and Fisher Equations by the Modified Simple Equation Method, Mathematics Letters, 2016, 2, 1 , 1-18. Search in Google Scholar
[15] Alam M.N., Belgace F.B., New generalized (G’/G)-expansion method Applications to coupled Konno-Oono and right-handed noncommutative Burgers equations, Advances in Pure Mathematics APM - 2016, 6, 3, 5301012, 168-179. Search in Google Scholar
[16] Alam M.N., Belgace F.B., Exact Traveling Wave Solutions for the (1+1)-Dim Compound KdVB Equation by the Novel (G’/G)-Expansion Method, International Journal of Modern Nonlinear Theory and Application, 2016, 5, 1, 28-39. Search in Google Scholar
[17] Davy J. Data Modeling and Simulation Applied to Radar Signal Recognition. Prov. Med. Surg. J. 2005, 26, 165-173. Search in Google Scholar
[18] Guariglia E., Entropy and Fractal Antennas, Entropy 2016, 18,3, 84.10.3390/e18030084 Search in Google Scholar
[19] Carpinteri A., Cornetti P., A fractional calculus approach to the description of stress and strain localization in fractal media, Chaos Soliton. Fract. 2002, 13, (1), 85-94. Search in Google Scholar
[20] Guariglia E., and Silvestrov S., Fractional-Wavelet Analysis of Positive definite Distributions and Wavelets on D’(C), in Engineering Mathematics II, Silvestrov, Rancic (Eds.), Springer, 2017, 337-353. Search in Google Scholar
[21] Tan B.K., Wu R.S., Nonlinear Rossby waves and their interactions. I. Collision of envelope solitary Rossby waves, Sci. China B 1993, 36, 1367. Search in Google Scholar
[22] Tang X.Y., Shukla P.K., Lie symmetry analysis of the quantum Zakharov equations, Phys. Scr. A 2007, 76, 665-668.10.1088/0031-8949/76/6/013 Search in Google Scholar
[23] Tariq T., Seadawy A.R., Bistable bright-dark soliary wave solutions of the (3+1)-dimensional Breaking soliton, Boussinesq equation with dual disperion and modified korteweg-de vires kadomstev-petviashvili equations and their applications, Result in physics 2017, 7, 1143-1149.10.1016/j.rinp.2017.03.001 Search in Google Scholar
[24] Seadawy A.R., Nonlinear wave solutions of the three-dimensional Zakharov- Kuznetsov-Burgers equation in dusty plasma. Physica A 2015, 439, 124-131.10.1016/j.physa.2015.07.025 Search in Google Scholar
[25] Abdullah, Seadawy A.R., Wang J., Mathematical methods and solitary wave solutions of three-dimensional Zakharov-Kuznetsov-Burgers equation in dusty plasma and its applications, Results in Physics 2017, 7, 4269-4277.10.1016/j.rinp.2017.10.045 Search in Google Scholar
[26] Ali A., Seadawy A.R., Lu D., Computational methods and traveling wave solutions for the fourth-order nonlinear Ablowitz-Kaup-Newell-Segur water wave dynamical equation via two methods and its applications, Open Phys. 2018; 16, 219-226.10.1515/phys-2018-0032 Search in Google Scholar
[27] Helal M.A., Seadawy A.R., Zekry M.H., Stability analysis solutions for the fourth-Order nonlinear ablowitz-kaup-newell-segur water wave equation, Applied Mathematical Sciences, 2013, 7, 3355-3365.10.12988/ams.2013.34239 Search in Google Scholar
[28] Lu D., Seadawy A.R., Arshad M., Bright-dark solitary wave and elliptic function solutions of unstable nonlinear Schrödinger equation and their applications, Opt Quant Electron 2018, 50, 23.10.1007/s11082-017-1294-y Search in Google Scholar
[29] Seadawy A.R, Ion acoustic solitary wave solutions of two-dimensional nonlinear Kadomtsev-Petviashvili-Burgers equation in quantum plasma, Mathematical methods and applied Sciences, 2017, 40, (5), 1598-1607.10.1002/mma.4081 Search in Google Scholar
[30] Kochanov M.B., Kudryashov N.A., Sinelshchikov D.I., Nonlinar waves on shallow water under an ice cover,higher order expansion, J Apply Math Mech 2013, 77, 25-32.10.1016/j.jappmathmech.2013.04.004 Search in Google Scholar
[31] Seadawy A.R., Stability analysis for Zakharokuznestov equation of weakly nonlinear ion acoustic waves in a plasma, Comput Math Appl 2014, 67, (1), 172-180.10.1016/j.camwa.2013.11.001 Search in Google Scholar
[32] Seadawy A.R., Stability analysis for two dimensional ionacoustic waves in quantum plasmas,Phys plasmas 2014, 21, (5), 052107.10.1063/1.4875987 Search in Google Scholar
[33] Arshad M., Seadawy A.R., Lu D., WANG J., Optical soliton solutions of unstable nonlinear Schrdinger dynamical equation and stability analysis with applications, Optik, 2018, 157, 597-605.10.1016/j.ijleo.2017.11.129 Search in Google Scholar
[34] Seadawy A.R., Lu D., Khater M.A., Bifurcations of traveling wave solutions for Dodd-Bullough-Mikhailov equation and coupled Higgs equation and their applications, Chinese Journal of Physics 2017, 55 1310-1318.10.1016/j.cjph.2017.07.005 Search in Google Scholar
[35] Bahrami B.S., Abdollah H.Z., Exact traveling solutions for some nonlinear physical models by (G’/G)- expansion method,Journal of physics, 2011, 77, 2, 263-275. Search in Google Scholar
[36] Ali A., Seadawy A.R, Lu D., New solitary wave solutions of some nonlinear models and their applications, Advances in Difference Equations, 2018 2018, 232. Search in Google Scholar
[37] Khater A.H., Callebaut D.K., Helal M.A. and Seadawy A.R., Variational Method for the Nonlinear Dynamics of an Elliptic Magnetic Stagnation Line, The European Physical Journal D, 2006, 39, 237-245.10.1140/epjd/e2006-00093-3 Search in Google Scholar
[38] Seadawy A.R., Travelling wave solutions of a weakly nonlinear two-dimensional higher order Kadomtsev-Petviashvili dynamical equation for dispersive shallow water waves, Eur. Phys. J. Plus 2017, 132, 29.10.1140/epjp/i2017-11313-4 Search in Google Scholar
[39] Seadawy A.R., The generalized nonlinear higher order of KdV equations from the higher order nonlinear Schrodinger equation and its solutions. Optik - Int J Light Electron Optics 2017, 139, 31-43.10.1016/j.ijleo.2017.03.086 Search in Google Scholar
[40] Seadawy A.R., El-Rashidy K., Rayleigh-Taylor instability of the cylindrical ow with mass and heat transfer, Pramana J. Phys., 2016, 87, 20.10.1007/s12043-016-1222-x Search in Google Scholar
© 2018 D. Lu et al., published by De Gruyter
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License.