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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 18, 2014

Photo-polymerization of methacrylate based polymer electrolyte for dye-sensitized solar cell

Mahamed Imperiyka, Azizan Ahmad, Sharina Abu Hanifah, Akrajas Ali Umar, Nor Sabirin Mohamed and Mohd. Yusri Abd. Rahman


The ionic conductivity of poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethyl methacrylate) [P(GMA-co-EMA)]-lithium perchlorate (LiClO4)-ethylene carbonate (EC) electrolyte and photovoltaic performances of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) utilizing the electrolyte were investigated. P(GMA-co-EMA) as a host material of the electrolyte was synthesized by UV-curing and characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). P(GMA-co-EMA) based solid polymer electrolyte containing 80 wt% EC exhibited the highest room temperature ionic conductivity. The crystallinity degree of the electrolyte decreases with the EC content, as confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. The electrochemical stability investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) reveals that the electrolyte is stable up to 4.8 V. A dye-sensitized solar cell of fluorine tin oxide (FTO)/TiO2-dye/P(GMA-co-EMA)-LiClO4-EC/Pt possessed the photovoltaic effect with a short-circuit current density (Jsc) of 4.85×10-3 mA cm-2 and open circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.4 V, respectively, under light intensity of 100 mW cm-2.

Corresponding authors: Azizan Ahmad, School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia; and Polymer Research Center, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, e-mail: ; and Mohd. Yusri Abd. Rahman, Institute of Microelectronics and Nanoengineering (IMEN), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, e-mail:


The authors are very thankful to the Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia for allowing the work to be carried out. This work was funded by the UKM-DLP-2012-021 grant.


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Received: 2013-12-11
Accepted: 2014-5-12
Published Online: 2014-6-18
Published in Print: 2014-10-1

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