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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 18, 2014

Photo-polymerization of methacrylate based polymer electrolyte for dye-sensitized solar cell

Mahamed Imperiyka, Azizan Ahmad, Sharina Abu Hanifah, Akrajas Ali Umar, Nor Sabirin Mohamed and Mohd. Yusri Abd. Rahman

Abstract

The ionic conductivity of poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethyl methacrylate) [P(GMA-co-EMA)]-lithium perchlorate (LiClO4)-ethylene carbonate (EC) electrolyte and photovoltaic performances of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) utilizing the electrolyte were investigated. P(GMA-co-EMA) as a host material of the electrolyte was synthesized by UV-curing and characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). P(GMA-co-EMA) based solid polymer electrolyte containing 80 wt% EC exhibited the highest room temperature ionic conductivity. The crystallinity degree of the electrolyte decreases with the EC content, as confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. The electrochemical stability investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) reveals that the electrolyte is stable up to 4.8 V. A dye-sensitized solar cell of fluorine tin oxide (FTO)/TiO2-dye/P(GMA-co-EMA)-LiClO4-EC/Pt possessed the photovoltaic effect with a short-circuit current density (Jsc) of 4.85×10-3 mA cm-2 and open circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.4 V, respectively, under light intensity of 100 mW cm-2.


Corresponding authors: Azizan Ahmad, School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia; and Polymer Research Center, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, e-mail: ; and Mohd. Yusri Abd. Rahman, Institute of Microelectronics and Nanoengineering (IMEN), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, e-mail:

Acknowledgments

The authors are very thankful to the Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia for allowing the work to be carried out. This work was funded by the UKM-DLP-2012-021 grant.

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Received: 2013-12-11
Accepted: 2014-5-12
Published Online: 2014-6-18
Published in Print: 2014-10-1

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