Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter April 13, 2018

Improving the mechanical properties of Fe3O4/carbon nanotube reinforced nanocomposites by a low-magnetic-field induced alignment

  • Yifan Huang , Weicheng Jiao EMAIL logo , Yue Niu , Guomin Ding and Rongguo Wang


The aim of the paper is to develop a novel nanocomposite with high mechanical properties. The mechanical properties are improved by aligning the Fe3O4/multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) into a highly oriented manner in epoxy resin (EP) via a low magnetic field. Fe3O4 nanoparticles were tethered onto the surface of MWCNTs by a novel water-in-oil (W/O) method without heating at high temperatures or the protection of inert gas. Then, the modified magnetic MWCNTs (m-MWCNTs) were added into EP and aligned in a low magnetic field (100 mT). A method was presented to estimate the minimum magnetic field strength for aligning the m-MWCNTs. Besides, the morphology and microstructures of the fabricated m-MWCNTs and m-MWCNTs/EP highly ordered nanocomposites were characterized. Finally, the mechanical properties measurements were performed. The results of the experiments showed that this method was very efficient in aligning m-MWCNTs embedded in polymer matrix leading to a highly ordered composite for improving mechanical properties.


The work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Funder Id: 10.13039/501100001809, no. 51402067) and the Foundation for Innovative Research Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 11421091).


[1] Iijima S. Nature 1991, 354, 56.10.1038/354056a0Search in Google Scholar

[2] Baughman RH, Zakhidov AA, De Heer WA. Science 2002, 297, 787–792.10.1126/science.1060928Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[3] Bandaru PR. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 2007, 7, 1239–1267.10.1166/jnn.2007.307Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[4] Ajayan PM, Stephan O, Colliex C, Trauth D. Science 1994, 265, 1212–1214.10.1126/science.265.5176.1212Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[5] Meng H, Sui GX, Fang PF, Yang R. Polymer 2008, 49, 610–620.10.1016/j.polymer.2007.12.001Search in Google Scholar

[6] Moniruzzaman M, Du F, Romero N, Winey KI. Polymer 2006, 47, 293–298.10.1016/j.polymer.2005.11.011Search in Google Scholar

[7] Chang TE, Kisliuk A, Rhodes SM, Brittain WJ, Sokolov AP. Polymer 2006, 47, 7740–7746.10.1016/j.polymer.2006.09.013Search in Google Scholar

[8] Wu D, Wu L, Sun Y, Zhao Y. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2007, 45, 3137–3147.10.1002/polb.21309Search in Google Scholar

[9] Chen W, Tao X. Macromol. Rapid Commun 2005, 26, 1763–1767.10.1002/marc.200500531Search in Google Scholar

[10] Fischer JE, Zhou W, Vavro J, Llaguno MC, Guthy C, Haggenmueller R, Winey KI, Casavant MJ, Smalley RE. J. Appl. Phys. 2003, 93, 2157–2163.10.1063/1.1536733Search in Google Scholar

[11] Goh PS, Ismail AF, Ng BC. Composites Part A 2014, 56, 103–126.10.1016/j.compositesa.2013.10.001Search in Google Scholar

[12] Zamora-Ledezma C, Blanc C, Anglaret E. J. Phys. Chem. C 2012, 116, 13760–13766.10.1021/jp212113bSearch in Google Scholar

[13] Xie XL, Mai YW, Zhou XP. Mater. Sci. Eng., R 2005, 49, 89–112.10.1016/j.mser.2005.04.002Search in Google Scholar

[14] Guo Y, Wu J, Zhang Y. Chem. Phys. Lett. 2002, 362, 314–318.10.1016/S0009-2614(02)01085-0Search in Google Scholar

[15] Engel M, Small JP, Steiner M, Freitag M, Green AA, Hersam MC, Avouris P. ACS Nano 2008, 2, 2445–2452.10.1021/nn800708wSearch in Google Scholar PubMed

[16] Sun S, Murray CB, Weller D, Folks L, Moser A. Science 2000, 287, 1989–1992.10.1126/science.287.5460.1989Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[17] Minus ML, Chae HG, Kumar S. Polymer 2006, 47, 3705–3710.10.1016/j.polymer.2006.03.076Search in Google Scholar

[18] Wei BQ, Vajtai R, Jung Y, Ward J, Zhang R, Ramanath G, Ajayan PM. Nature 2002, 416, 495–496.10.1038/416495aSearch in Google Scholar PubMed

[19] Vigolo B, Hérold C, Marêché JF, Ghanbaja J, Gulas M, Normand FL, Almairac R, Alvarez L, Bantignies J-L. Carbon 2010, 48, 949–963.10.1016/j.carbon.2009.10.044Search in Google Scholar

[20] Martin CA, Sandler JKW, Windle AH, Schwarz M-K, Bauhofer W, Schulte K, Shaffer MSP. Polymer 2005, 46, 877–886.10.1016/j.polymer.2004.11.081Search in Google Scholar

[21] Abdalla M, Dean D, Theodore M, Fielding J, Nyairo E, Price G. Polymer 2010, 51, 1614–1620.10.1016/j.polymer.2009.05.059Search in Google Scholar

[22] Shi D, He P, Zhao P, Guo FF, Wang F, Huth C, Lian J. Composites Part B 2011, 42, 1532–1538.10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.04.014Search in Google Scholar

[23] Kimura T, Ago H, Tobita M, Ohshima S, Kyotani M, Yumura M. Adv. Mater. 2002, 14, 1380–1383.10.1002/1521-4095(20021002)14:19<1380::AID-ADMA1380>3.0.CO;2-VSearch in Google Scholar

[24] Garmestani H, Al-Haik MS, Dahmen K, Tannenbaum R, Li D, Sablin SS, Hussaini MY. Adv. Mater. 2003, 15, 1918–1921.10.1002/adma.200304932Search in Google Scholar

[25] Prolongo SG, Meliton BG, Del Rosario G, Ureña A. Composites Part B 2013, 46, 166–172.10.1016/j.compositesb.2012.10.002Search in Google Scholar

[26] Wan J, Cai W, Feng J, Meng X, Liu E. J. Mater. Chem. 2007, 17, 1188–1192.10.1039/b615527hSearch in Google Scholar

[27] Jia B, Gao L, Sun J. Carbon 2007, 45, 1476–1481.10.1016/j.carbon.2007.03.025Search in Google Scholar

[28] Zhan Y, Zhao R, Lei Y, Meng F, Zhong J, Liu X. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2011, 257, 4524–4528.10.1016/j.apsusc.2010.08.088Search in Google Scholar

[29] Huang X, Lu M, Zhang X, Wen G, Zhou Y, Fei L. Scr. Mater. 2012, 67, 613–616.10.1016/j.scriptamat.2012.06.024Search in Google Scholar

[30] Erb RM, Libanori R, Rothfuchs N, Studart AR. Science 2012, 335, 199–204.10.1126/science.1210822Search in Google Scholar

[31] Si Y, Samulski ET. Nano Lett. 2008, 8, 1679–1682.10.1021/nl080604hSearch in Google Scholar PubMed

[32] Ji Z, Shen X, Song Y, Zhu G. Mater. Sci. Eng. B 2011, 176, 711–715.10.1016/j.mseb.2011.02.026Search in Google Scholar

[33] Zhou G, Wang DW, Li F, Zhang LL, Li N, Wu ZS, Wen L, Lu GQ, Cheng HM. Chem. Mater. 2010, 22, 5306–5313.10.1021/cm101532xSearch in Google Scholar

[34] Sun Z, Liu Z, Wang Y, Han B, Du J, Zhang J. J. Mater. Chem. 2005, 15, 4497–4501.10.1039/b509968dSearch in Google Scholar

[35] Zeng H, Li J, Wang ZL, Liu JP, Sun S. Nano Lett. 2004, 4, 187–190.10.1021/nl035004rSearch in Google Scholar

[36] Kimura T, Yamato M, Koshimizu W, Koike M, Kawai T. Langmuir 2000, 16, 858–861.10.1021/la990761jSearch in Google Scholar

[37] Baji A, Mai YW, Wong SC, Abtahi M, Du X. Compos. Sci. Technol. 2010, 70, 1401–1409.10.1016/j.compscitech.2010.04.020Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2017-08-13
Accepted: 2018-03-09
Published Online: 2018-04-13
Published in Print: 2018-08-28

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Downloaded on 30.5.2023 from
Scroll to top button