Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 21, 2018

Active screen plasma system applied to polymer surface modification: poly(lactic acid) surface activation before polyaniline graft polymerization in aqueous medium

  • Janaína G. Alonso , Carla Dalmolin , Jacimar Nahorny , Abel A.C. Recco , Luis C. Fontana and Daniela Becker EMAIL logo


An active screen plasma system (ASPS) was used for the surface activation of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) as a pretreatment before the oxidative graft polymerization of polyaniline (PANI). In ASPS, the plasma glow discharge occurs outside the grid, and the samples to be treated are placed inside the cage where they are subjected to a floating potential (about −12 V). An increase in hydrophilicity was observed for all samples after Ar plasma treatment. In addition, a decrease in thermal stability and changes in crystallization behavior were observed for PLA samples treated for a longer time. After PANI graft polymerization, smoothing of the surface topography was noticed in samples treated for short time periods. Such a change in the topography, in addition to surface activation, provides better conditions for subsequent PANI grafting.


The authors are grateful to the Brazilian science funding agencies CAPES, CNPq, and FAPESC for scholarships and grants that made this work possible.


[1] Alves C, Jr, da Silva EF, Martinelli AE. Surf. Coat. Technol. 2001, 139, 1–5.10.1016/S0257-8972(00)01146-4Search in Google Scholar

[2] Burlacov I, Börner K, Spies HJ, Biermann H, Lopatik D, Zimmermann H, Röpcke J. Surf. Coat. Technol. 2012, 206, 3955–3960.10.1016/j.surfcoat.2012.03.067Search in Google Scholar

[3] Alves C, Jr, de Araujo FO, Ribeiro KJB, da Costa JAP, Sousa RRM, de Sousa RS. Surf. Coat. Technol. 2006, 201, 2450–2454.10.1016/j.surfcoat.2006.04.014Search in Google Scholar

[4] Nishimoto A, Matsukawa T, Nii H. ISIJ Int. 2014, 54, 916–919.10.2355/isijinternational.54.916Search in Google Scholar

[5] Arumainayagam CR, Lee H-L, Nelson RB, Haines DR, Gunawardane RP. Surf. Sci. Rep. 2010, 65, 1–44.10.1016/j.surfrep.2009.09.001Search in Google Scholar

[6] Li CX. Surf. Eng. 2010, 26, 1.10.1179/174329409X455340Search in Google Scholar

[7] Kaklamani G, Bowen J, Mehrban N, Dong H, Grover LM, Stamboulis A. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2013, 273, 787–798.10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.03.001Search in Google Scholar

[8] Vijayabaskar V, Bhowmick AK. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2005, 95, 435–447.10.1002/app.21256Search in Google Scholar

[9] Farah S, Anderson DG, Langer R. Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 2016, 107, 367–392.10.1016/j.addr.2016.06.012Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[10] De Geyter N, Morent R, Desmet T, Trentesaux M, Gengembre L, Dubruel P, Leys C, Payen E. Surf. Coat. Technol. 2010, 204, 3272–3279.10.1016/j.surfcoat.2010.03.037Search in Google Scholar

[11] Chichti E, Henrion G, Cleymand F, Jamshidian M, Linder M, Arab-Tehrany E, Plasma Process. Polym. 2013, 10, 535–543.10.1002/ppap.201200124Search in Google Scholar

[12] Ferreira BMP, Pinheiro LMP, Nascente PAP, Ferreira MJ, Duek EAR. Mater. Sci. Eng. C 2009, 26, 806–813.10.1016/j.msec.2008.07.026Search in Google Scholar

[13] Armentano I, Ciapetti G, Pennacchi M, Dottori M, Devescovi V, Granchi D, Baldini N, Olalde B, Jurado MJ, Alava JIM, Kenny J. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2009, 114, 3602–3611.10.1002/app.31008Search in Google Scholar

[14] Ding Z, Chen J, Gao S, Chang J, Zhang J, Kan ET. Biomaterials 2004, 25, 1059–1067.10.1016/S0142-9612(03)00615-XSearch in Google Scholar

[15] Zhao Y, Fina A, Venturello A, Geobaldo F. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2013, 283, 181–187.10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.06.078Search in Google Scholar

[16] Mattioli S, Kenny JM, Armentano I. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2012, 125, E239– E247.10.1002/app.36827Search in Google Scholar

[17] Inagaki N, Narushima K, Tsutsui Y, Ohyama Y. J. Adhes. Sci. Technol. 2002, 16, 1041–1054.10.1163/156856102760146156Search in Google Scholar

[18] Balint R, Cassidy NJ, Cartmell SH. Acta Biomater. 2014, 10, 2341–2353.10.1016/j.actbio.2014.02.015Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[19] Wang J, Liu X, Choi H-S, Kim J-H. J. Phys. Chem. B 2008, 112, 14829–14835.10.1021/jp806179zSearch in Google Scholar PubMed

[20] Zhong W, Deng J, Wang Y, Yang W. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2006, 103, 2442–2450.10.1002/app.25503Search in Google Scholar

[21] Li Y, Li X, Zhao R, Wang C, Qiuc F, Sun B, Ji H, Qiua J, Wang C. Mater. Sci. Eng. C 2017, 72, 106112.10.1016/j.msec.2016.11.052Search in Google Scholar

[22] Friedrich J. The Plasma Chemistry of Polymer Surfaces, Wiley-VCH Verlag & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, 2012.10.1002/9783527648009Search in Google Scholar

[23] Kim D, Economu DJ. J. Appl. Phys. 2004, 95, 3311.10.1063/1.1652249Search in Google Scholar

[24] Hamad K, Kaseem M, Yang HW, Deri F, Ko YG. eXPRESS Polym. Lett. 2015, 9, 435–455.10.3144/expresspolymlett.2015.42Search in Google Scholar

[25] Drumright RE, Gruber PR, Henton DE. Adv. Mater. 2000, 12, 1841–1846.10.1002/1521-4095(200012)12:23<1841::AID-ADMA1841>3.0.CO;2-ESearch in Google Scholar

[26] Yasuda N, Tsukegi T, Shirai Y, Nishida H. Biomacromolecules 2011, 12, 3299–3304.10.1021/bm200775rSearch in Google Scholar

[27] Tsuji H, Sugiyama H, Sato Y. J. Polym. Env. 2012, 20, 706–712.10.1007/s10924-012-0424-7Search in Google Scholar

[28] Morent R, De Geyter N, Trentesaux M, Gengembre L, Dubruel P, Leys C, Payen E. Plasma Chem. Plasma Process 2010, 30, 525–536.10.1007/s11090-010-9233-8Search in Google Scholar

[29] Sakai W, Kinoshita M, Nagata M, Tsutsumi N, J. Polym. Sci. Part A Polym. Chem. 2001, 39, 706–714.10.1002/1099-0518(20010301)39:5<706::AID-POLA1042>3.0.CO;2-PSearch in Google Scholar

[30] Wang Y, Steinhoff B, Brinkmann C, Alig II, Polymer (Guildf). 2008, 49, 1257–1265.10.1016/j.polymer.2008.01.010Search in Google Scholar

[31] Milicevic D, Trifunovic S, Galovic S, Suljovrujic E. Radiat. Phys. Chem. 2007, 76, 1376–1380.10.1016/j.radphyschem.2007.02.035Search in Google Scholar

[32] Kantoglu O, Guven O. Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 2002, 197, 259–264.10.1016/S0168-583X(02)01473-8Search in Google Scholar

[33] Sahebian S, Zebarjad SM, Vahdati Khaki J, Sajjadi SA. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 2009, 209, 1310–1317.10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2008.03.066Search in Google Scholar

[34] Saeidlou S, Huneault MA, Li H, Park CB. Prog. Polym. Sci. 2012, 37, 1657–1677.10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2012.07.005Search in Google Scholar

[35] Huang L, Zhuang X, Hu J, Lang L, Zhang P, Wang Y, Chen X, Wei Y, Jing X. Biomacromolecules 2008, 9, 850–858.10.1021/bm7011828Search in Google Scholar

[36] Bendrea A-C, Cianga L, Cianga I. J. Biomater. Appl. 2011, 26, 3–84.10.1177/0885328211402704Search in Google Scholar

[37] Michaelson JC, Mcevoy AJ, Kuramoto N, React. Polym. 1992, 17, 197–206.10.1016/0923-1137(92)90152-RSearch in Google Scholar

Received: 2017-08-21
Accepted: 2018-01-25
Published Online: 2018-02-21
Published in Print: 2018-08-28

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Downloaded on 28.5.2023 from
Scroll to top button