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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter January 12, 2019

Rheology of poly(lactic acid)/poly(trimethylene terephthalate) blends compatibilized by clay or maleic anhydride-grafted poly(ethylene-octene) elastomer

  • Gwo-Geng Lin ORCID logo EMAIL logo , Yi-Hu Song , Chao-Tsai Huang ORCID logo , Marek Sipos and Zhaokang Tu


Blends of two biobased polymers, poly(lactic acid) and poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT), were compatibilized with either maleic anhydride-grafted poly(ethylene-octene) (mPOE) or organically modified clay (Cloisite 30B). Dynamic rheological measurements revealed that the mPOE inclusion resulted in a four-fold increase in viscosity relative to the noncompatibilized blends. By loading 3 wt% Cloisite 30B, the storage moduli of the blends showed a distinct solid-like behavior and high complex viscosity in the low-frequency region, which can be interpreted by the reduced sizes of the PTT phase evidenced from the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrography. A temperature sweep of the viscosity of the blends starting from 180°C revealed that the existence of an unmelted PTT dispersed phase might impede the decline in viscosity with increasing temperature near the melting point of PTT. The introduced compatibilizers can restrict the temperature-dependent morphology evolution, and the use of the 3 wt% 30B clay can prohibit the morphology evolution during the temperature sweep.

  1. Conflict of interest statement: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.


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Received: 2018-08-26
Accepted: 2018-12-07
Published Online: 2019-01-12
Published in Print: 2019-02-25

©2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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