Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter September 20, 2019

Sustainable materials in automotive

Rose Ryntz and Susan Kozora
From the journal Physical Sciences Reviews


The use of plastic parts in the production of automobiles has a long and established history. In the more recent past, manufacturers have become interested in bio-based materials for a variety of parts, in part because they represent a more sustainable material stream, and in part because they may be more economically feasible. This chapter discusses the evolution from fossil fuel-based materials to bio-based materials in their established and potential uses for automotive parts.


[1] American Chemistry Council. Available at: 2016.Search in Google Scholar

[2] Advanced Plastics are the Future of our Autos. Available at: 16 April 2018.Search in Google Scholar

[3] 13 High Performance Plastics Used in the Automotive Industry. Available at: 2015.Search in Google Scholar

[4] 13 High Performance Plastics Used in the Automotive Industry. Available at: 2015. in Google Scholar

[5] Available at: Accessed: 12 June 2017.Search in Google Scholar

[6] US Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, 2017 GDP by Industry.Search in Google Scholar

[7] ASTM D6866-18 “Standard Test Methods for Determining the Bio-based Content of Solid, Liquid, and Gaseous Samples Using Radiocarbon Analysis”. – This standard is issued under the fixed designation D6866; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A superscript epsilon (´) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.Search in Google Scholar

[8] United States Department of Agriculture, Bio Preferred program: Available at: in Google Scholar

[9] EN16785EN 16785-1, Bio-based products – Bio-based content – Part 1: Determination of the bio-based content using the radiocarbon analysis and elemental analysis – EN 16785-2, Bio-based products – Bio-based content – Part 2: Determination of the bio-based content using the material balance method.Search in Google Scholar

[10] ISO 16620-2; This part of ISO 16620 specifies a calculation method for the determination of the bio-based carbon content in monomers, polymers, and plastic materials and products, based on the 14C content measurement. This part of ISO 16620 is applicable to plastic products and plastic materials, polymer resins, monomers, or additives, which are made from bio-based or fossil-based constituents.Search in Google Scholar

[11] Bioplastics News. Available at: in Google Scholar

[12] E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company – based in the United States. Also known as Dupont. Sorona® is a trademark of Dupont.Search in Google Scholar

[13] ArchDaily article: How Newlight Technologies Creates a Plastic from Air and Greenhouse Gases, Rory Scott. 1 July 2015.Search in Google Scholar

[14] Automotive Recyclers Association Recycling Brochure: Automotive Recycling Industry: Environmentally Friendly, Market Driven, and Sustainable. Published by ARA, the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) and The Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers. 2016.Search in Google Scholar

[15] European Commission – End of Life Vehicles Legislation; Directive 2000/53/EC.Search in Google Scholar

[16] Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the Peoples Republic of China. Management Requirements for Hazardous Substances and Recovery Rates on Automobiles June 1 2015.Search in Google Scholar

[17] Japan: Law for the Recycling of End-of-Life Vehicles -Automobile Recycling Law. January 2005.Search in Google Scholar


[19] Soybean Car. Popular Research Topics. Dearborn, Michigan: Benson Ford Research Center, The Henry Ford.Search in Google Scholar

[20] Latham, Andy, News Reports & Industry Views on the Future of Cars, Vehicle Revolution. Smart Vehicles Require Smarter Auto Recycler Automotive Recycling magazine. July-August 2018.Search in Google Scholar

[21] Available at: in Google Scholar

[22] Available at: in Google Scholar

[23] McDonough W, Braungart M. Cradle to Cradle. New York: North Point Press; 2002.Search in Google Scholar

[24] Available at: in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2019-09-20

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Scroll Up Arrow