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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 31, 2016

Die Statuten des Appellations- und Syndikatsrichters in Lucca aus dem Jahr 1372 (mit Edition)

Susanne Lepsius

Riassunto

Dopo la riconquista della liberta nel 1369 si poneva come uno dei primi doveri della politica di Lucca di riformulare gli Statuti cittadini. Oltre agli Statuti generali si rivolse una maggiore attenzione agli Statuti particulari relativi al sistema giudiziario. Gli Statuti per il giudice di appello, redatti nel 1372, sono piu dettagliati in confronto con la prima versione del 1331. Venivano precisate le varie istanze la cui ultima era comunque rappresentata da una corte cittadina. Era pertanto garantito anche a livello dell’organizzazione giudiziaria l’indipendenza da qualsiasi potere esterno, anche da quello dell’imperatore che del resto accordava a Lucca altri importanti privilegi. Si stabilivano poi le sanzioni per i giudici di prima istanza che avevano malgiudicato un caso o avevano tralasciato di documentare con atti scritti i processi da loro presieduti. Dall’altro lato si confermavano i piu antichi Statuti conservati relativi al giudice di sindacatura, creando un’apposita istanza a livello ordinario e regolare. Nella precisione di regolamentazione e ricchezza di dettagli tutt’e due gli Statuti sono unici esempi per l’Italia del Trecento, e per questo motivo vengono editi qui.

Abstract

After Lucca had regained its freedom in 1369 after years of domination by Pisa, one of the major tasks facing communal politicians was to redesign the city’s statutes. Apart from a reform of the general statutes, special care was devoted to designing special statutes for the major courts. As far as the statutes for the appellate judge are concerned, the norms eventually enacted in 1372 are a revised version of the 1331 appellate statutes. These defined the competent courts for appeals, whose possible stages always ended with a communal court as the court of highest instance. This was another indication of the city’s newly won independence from all other powers, including the emperor, who conferred several other privileges on Lucca. Equally, sanctions for the judges of first instance who had apparently misjudged a case were imposed if the judge of first instance failed to document the proceedings in front of his court in properly kept files for the appellate court. At the same time, the oldest surviving statute for the syndication judge was designed, establishing syndication proceedings with a specialized judge who sat regularly. Both statutes are unique among 14th-century statutes for the care and the depth of regulation with which they were designed. Since no comparably detailed and special court statutes survive from any other Italian city of this time, both will be published here.

Online erschienen: 2016-3-31
Erschienen im Druck: 2016-4-11

© 2016 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

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