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An overview of activation cross-section measurements of some neutron and charged-particle induced reactions in Bangladesh

  • M. Shuza Uddin EMAIL logo , Syed M. Hossain , M. Asad Shariff and M. Rakib-uz-Zaman
From the journal Radiochimica Acta


Over the last several decades, our research group has been working on nuclear data measurements using a J-25 Neutron Generator, a TRIGA Mark II Research Reactor and a Tandem Accelerator at Savar, as well as an Am/Be neutron source at Rajshahi. The spectrum of fast neutrons having energies from 0.5 to 20 MeV in the core of the TRIGA reactor as well as from 1.5 to 11 MeV of the Am/Be source was well characterized for validation of evaluated data of neutron threshold reactions. Spectrum-averaged cross sections were determined by integral measurements. The integral values measured at both the reactor and the Am/Be source were compared with the integrated data deduced from measured and evaluated excitation functions of some nuclear reactions given in some data libraries. As example, the details on the integral and integrated cross sections of the 64Zn(n,p)64Cu and 60Ni(n,p)60Co reactions are discussed. In both cases, integral test shows that further improvement of the evaluated excitation function reported in data libraries is needed. The use of a newly developed facility at the 3 MV Tandem Accelerator in measurement of proton induced reaction cross sections in the energy region below 5 MeV is outlined, and new results on the 64Ni(p,n)64Cu and natNi(p,x)61Cu processes below 3 MeV are discussed.

Corresponding author: M. Shuza Uddin, Tandem Accelerator Facilities, Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh, E-mail:

Deceased: M. Rakib-uz-Zaman.

Editor’s Note: Bangladesh lost a good teacher and radiochemist.


The authors thank Dr. N.I. Molla, Ex-member of BAEC, for establishing nuclear data work at INST. We deeply acknowledge the contributions of Dr. M.M. Rahman and Dr. R.U. Mia. We thank Prof. J. Csikai, who recently passed away, and Prof. S. Sudár, both of Debrecen University, Hungary, for their advices. Most of our discussed achievements are the outcomes of collaborative works among the groups of BAEC, FZJ and Rajshahi University. The authors thank the four directors of Nuclear Chemistry at FZJ in succession for their continuous support over a period of more than 40 years, and Dr. I. Spahn and Mr. S. Spellerberg for their cooperation in recent years. Our special thanks are due to Prof. Syed M. Qaim for his so kind continuous guidance to conduct cooperative research between Bangladesh and Germany. One of us (Md. Shuza Uddin) thanks the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation for supporting his visits in 2008–2010, 2014 and 2019 to the Forschungszentrum Jülich to do part of the present work there, and especially for financial support to conduct part of this research work at INST, Savar, Bangladesh. The authors thank the operational crews of the J-25 Neutron Generator, the TRIGA Reactor and the 3 MV Tandem Accelerator of AERE, Savar, Bangladesh, and the Baby Cyclotron (BC1710) of the Forschungszentrum Jülich, for their help in performing the irradiations.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.


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Received: 2021-08-20
Accepted: 2021-09-07
Published Online: 2022-04-22
Published in Print: 2022-06-27

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