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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter (O) May 23, 2022

Ion beam activation of natCu, natTi, natNi and measurement of product formation cross sections at low energy (<10 MeV)

  • Mahwish Anwer , Anam Naz , Ishaq Ahmad , Muhammad Usman , Javed Hussain , Syed Zafar Ilyas and Muhammad Shahid EMAIL logo
From the journal Radiochimica Acta


In this study we investigated the production cross sections of natCu(p, x)63,65Zn, natTi(p, x)48V, natNi(p, x)55Co,61Cu and natCu(α, x)66,67,68Ga, natTi(α, x)49,51Cr, natNi(α, x)63,65Zn reactions in the low energy range using the foil activation technique. The samples were activated in vacuum at 5 MV tandem (Pelletron) accelerator installed at National Centre for Physics (NCP), Islamabad, Pakistan. The reaction products were identified with the help of off-line gamma ray spectroscopy system connected with Genie 2000 software. The data analysis revealed the production of different radioisotopes that have valuable importance in monitoring charged-particle beams and medical applications. The measured results were verified by comparing them with earlier evaluated data as well as with the theoretical values given in the TENDL-library based on TALYS-1.9 code calculations.

Corresponding author: Muhammad Shahid, National Institute of Safety and Security, Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority, G-8/1, P.O. Box No. 1912, Islamabad, 44080, Pakistan, E-mail:


The authors feels grateful for the joint collaboration between Allama Iqbal Open University, (Physics Department) Islamabad, Pakistan and National Centre for Physics, (Experimental Physics Department) in the field of research. The dedicated support of the directors of both institutes and of other technical and supporting staff made it possible to successfully reach the first milestone. There are many others who supported in the activation of the samples, analysis and provision of resources; they also deserve thank and gratitude. The technical advice and strong editorial support of Prof. Dr. Syed M. Qaim from Germany is gratefully acknowledged.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.


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Received: 2021-11-25
Accepted: 2022-05-02
Published Online: 2022-05-23
Published in Print: 2022-10-26

© 2022 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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