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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 5, 2014

Application of a packed column air stripper in the removal of volatile organic compounds from wastewater

Mohammed Evuti Abdullahi

Mohammed Evuti Abdullahi obtained his first degree in Chemical Engineering from the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria, in 1994 and his Master’s degree in Chemical Engineering from the Federal University of Technology, Minna-Nigeria, in 2005. After 9 years of experience as a lecturer in the polytechnic sector, he moved to the University of Abuja-Nigeria in 2008. He is presently a PhD research fellow in the Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). His research interest is in the area of wastewater treatment and environmental pollution control. He is a registered engineer and has many academic publications to his credit.

, Mohd Ariffin Abu Hassan

Mohd Ariffin Abu Hassan is an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Chemical Engineering in UTM. He obtained his first degree in Chemical Engineering from UTM and was awarded the ESSO medal. He performed his Master’s degree in Engineering Management at UTM in 1998 and obtained his PhD from UMIST, Environmental Technology Centre, Chemical Engineering Department in 2004. His research interest is in the area of wastewater treatment.

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, Zainura Zainon Noor

Zainura Zainon Noor started her career at UTM in 1999 as a research officer in the Chemical Engineering Pilot Plant. A well-trained chemical engineer specializing in environmental engineering, Dr. Zainura has established and strengthened her expertise in Green Technology, which includes cleaner production, life cycle assessment (LCA), water and carbon footprints, and greenhouse gas inventory and projection as well as sustainable development. She is an accomplished project manager and is currently leading the Green Technology Research Group (Green Tech RG) at one of UTM’s prominent centers of excellence, the Institute of Water and Environmental Management (IPASA). She is now an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Chemical Engineering, UTM.

and Raja Kamarulzaman Raja Ibrahim

Raja Kamarulzaman Raja Ibrahim is currently a senior lecturer in the Faculty of Science and an associate researcher at the Advanced Photonic Science Institute in UTM. He obtained his first degree in Physics from UTM in 2002 and his Master’s degree in Optoelectronics from the University of Southampton, UK, in 2005. He obtained his PhD in Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science from the University of Manchester, UK, in 2012 for his work on mid-infrared diagnostics of the gas phase in nonthermal plasma applications. His research interests include the development of optical sensor systems for various applications and the development of nonthermal plasma reactors for environmental pollution applications and gas-phase analysis using optical techniques.

Abstract

Addressing environmental degradation and ensuring environmental sustainability are inextricably linked to all methods of reducing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the environment. A packed column air stripper is a typical example of such technologies for the removal of VOCs from polluted water. The present review is devoted to the applications of a packed column air stripper and, in comparison with previous reviews, presents further elaborations and new information on topics such as modeling and simulation of the dynamic behavior of the air stripping process in a packed column air stripper. The paper observed that a knowledge gap still exists in the synthesis of this knowledge to formulate practically applicable mathematical relationships to describe the process generally. Therefore, further researches are still required in the area of air stripper performance optimization, particularly in the development of a mathematical model and the optimization of an air stripper using a statistical experimental design method. Such a determination is critical to the understanding of the interactive effect of process variables such as temperature, air-to-water (A/W) ratio, and height of packing on air stripper performance.


Corresponding author: Mohd Ariffin Abu Hassan, Institute of Environmental and Water Resources Management, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia-Johor Bahru, Johor Bahru, Johor 81310, Malaysia, e-mail:

About the authors

Mohammed Evuti Abdullahi

Mohammed Evuti Abdullahi obtained his first degree in Chemical Engineering from the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria, in 1994 and his Master’s degree in Chemical Engineering from the Federal University of Technology, Minna-Nigeria, in 2005. After 9 years of experience as a lecturer in the polytechnic sector, he moved to the University of Abuja-Nigeria in 2008. He is presently a PhD research fellow in the Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). His research interest is in the area of wastewater treatment and environmental pollution control. He is a registered engineer and has many academic publications to his credit.

Mohd Ariffin Abu Hassan

Mohd Ariffin Abu Hassan is an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Chemical Engineering in UTM. He obtained his first degree in Chemical Engineering from UTM and was awarded the ESSO medal. He performed his Master’s degree in Engineering Management at UTM in 1998 and obtained his PhD from UMIST, Environmental Technology Centre, Chemical Engineering Department in 2004. His research interest is in the area of wastewater treatment.

Zainura Zainon Noor

Zainura Zainon Noor started her career at UTM in 1999 as a research officer in the Chemical Engineering Pilot Plant. A well-trained chemical engineer specializing in environmental engineering, Dr. Zainura has established and strengthened her expertise in Green Technology, which includes cleaner production, life cycle assessment (LCA), water and carbon footprints, and greenhouse gas inventory and projection as well as sustainable development. She is an accomplished project manager and is currently leading the Green Technology Research Group (Green Tech RG) at one of UTM’s prominent centers of excellence, the Institute of Water and Environmental Management (IPASA). She is now an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Chemical Engineering, UTM.

Raja Kamarulzaman Raja Ibrahim

Raja Kamarulzaman Raja Ibrahim is currently a senior lecturer in the Faculty of Science and an associate researcher at the Advanced Photonic Science Institute in UTM. He obtained his first degree in Physics from UTM in 2002 and his Master’s degree in Optoelectronics from the University of Southampton, UK, in 2005. He obtained his PhD in Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science from the University of Manchester, UK, in 2012 for his work on mid-infrared diagnostics of the gas phase in nonthermal plasma applications. His research interests include the development of optical sensor systems for various applications and the development of nonthermal plasma reactors for environmental pollution applications and gas-phase analysis using optical techniques.

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to express their sincere appreciation to Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) for the financial support under the exploratory research grant scheme (ERGS) and international doctorate fellowship.

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Received: 2014-1-14
Accepted: 2014-6-5
Published Online: 2014-8-5
Published in Print: 2014-10-1

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