Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 9, 2015

Degradation performance and cost implication of UV-integrated advanced oxidation processes for wastewater treatments

  • Archina Buthiyappan

    Archina Buthiyappan graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in Industrial Chemistry in 2008 and a Master’s degree in Forensic Science in 2010 from University Technology of Malaysia. She joined the University of Malaya, Malaysia, as a doctoral candidate in 2012. Her research focuses include application of various types of advanced oxidation processes such as Fenton, photo-Fenton, and electro-Fenton to treat real textile effluents.

    , Abdul Raman Abdul Aziz

    Abdul Raman Abdul Aziz completed his PhD in the area of three-phase mixing. Currently, he is a Professor and holds the position of Deputy Dean at the Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Malaysia. His research interests are in advanced wastewater treatment and mixing in stirred vessels. Prior to joining UM, he worked in the oil and gas and food industries from 1989 to 1993. He is also active in consultancy projects and is currently supervising many PhD candidates. He has to date published more than 100 papers in journals and conference proceedings both locally and internationally. He is also a member of professional and learned societies such as the Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE, UK) and the Institution of Engineers Malaysia (IEM).

    EMAIL logo
    and Wan Mohd Ashri Wan Daud

    Wan Mohd Ashri Bin Wan Daud is a Professor of Chemical Engineering, University of Malaya, Malaysia. He obtained his Bachelor’s degree in Chemical Engineering in 1991 from Leeds University, Leeds, UK, and his Master’s degree in Chemical Engineering in 1992 from the University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. He earned his PhD degree in Chemical Engineering in 1996 at the University of Sheffield. His research fields include fuel cell, energy, biomass conversion and the synthesis of catalyst materials, catalysis, zeolites, polymerization process, separation process (adsorption, activated carbon, and carbon molecular sieve), ordered mesoporous materials, and hydrogen storage materials. Professor Daud has published approximately 90 research papers.

Abstract

Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are commonly used for treating recalcitrant wastewater with varying degree of efficiency, depending on several operating parameters. In this review, a comparative study among selected AOPs integrated with ultraviolet (UV) (UV/Fenton, UV/H2O2, UV/O3, UV/TiO2, UV/persulfate, UV/H2O2/O3, and UV/TiO2/H2O2) was conducted. The cost implication, changes in kinetics, changes in reaction rates, and effects of various parameters such as type of contaminants, pH, catalyst loading concentration of oxidants, and type of UV light are explained and concluded in this paper. From this review, it is concluded that UV-integrated AOPs are efficient for wastewater treatment. However, a few aspects must be considered including process scale-up, kinetics of combined processes, reactor configuration, modeling of a system, and optimization of operating parameters to enhance the process efficiency.


Corresponding author: Abdul Raman Abdul Aziz, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, e-mail:

About the authors

Archina Buthiyappan

Archina Buthiyappan graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in Industrial Chemistry in 2008 and a Master’s degree in Forensic Science in 2010 from University Technology of Malaysia. She joined the University of Malaya, Malaysia, as a doctoral candidate in 2012. Her research focuses include application of various types of advanced oxidation processes such as Fenton, photo-Fenton, and electro-Fenton to treat real textile effluents.

Abdul Raman Abdul Aziz

Abdul Raman Abdul Aziz completed his PhD in the area of three-phase mixing. Currently, he is a Professor and holds the position of Deputy Dean at the Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Malaysia. His research interests are in advanced wastewater treatment and mixing in stirred vessels. Prior to joining UM, he worked in the oil and gas and food industries from 1989 to 1993. He is also active in consultancy projects and is currently supervising many PhD candidates. He has to date published more than 100 papers in journals and conference proceedings both locally and internationally. He is also a member of professional and learned societies such as the Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE, UK) and the Institution of Engineers Malaysia (IEM).

Wan Mohd Ashri Wan Daud

Wan Mohd Ashri Bin Wan Daud is a Professor of Chemical Engineering, University of Malaya, Malaysia. He obtained his Bachelor’s degree in Chemical Engineering in 1991 from Leeds University, Leeds, UK, and his Master’s degree in Chemical Engineering in 1992 from the University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. He earned his PhD degree in Chemical Engineering in 1996 at the University of Sheffield. His research fields include fuel cell, energy, biomass conversion and the synthesis of catalyst materials, catalysis, zeolites, polymerization process, separation process (adsorption, activated carbon, and carbon molecular sieve), ordered mesoporous materials, and hydrogen storage materials. Professor Daud has published approximately 90 research papers.

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the University of Malaya High Impact Research Grant (HIR-MOHE-D000037-16001) from the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia and University of Malaya Postgraduate Research Fund which financially supported this work.

References

Abdessalem AK, Bellakhal N, Oturan N, Dachraoui M, Oturan MA. Treatment of a mixture of three pesticides by photo- and electro-Fenton processes. Desalination 2010; 250: 450–455.10.1016/j.desal.2009.09.072Search in Google Scholar

Afzal A, Drzewicz P, Martin JW, Gamal El-Din M. Decomposition of cyclohexanoic acid by the UV/H2O2 process under various conditions. Sci Total Environ 2012; 426: 387–392.10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.03.019Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Al-Bastaki NM. Performance of advanced methods for treatment of wastewater: UV/TiO2, RO and UF. Chem Eng Process 2004; 43: 935–940.10.1016/j.cep.2003.08.003Search in Google Scholar

Aleboyeh A, Moussa Y, Aleboyeh H. The effect of operational parameters on UV/H2O2 decolourisation of Acid Blue 74. Dyes Pigm 2005; 66: 129–134.10.1016/j.dyepig.2004.09.008Search in Google Scholar

AlHamedi FH, Rauf MA, Ashraf SS. Degradation studies of Rhodamine B in the presence of UV/H2O2. Desalination 2009; 239: 159–166.10.1016/j.desal.2008.03.016Search in Google Scholar

Alkan U, Teksoy A, Atesli A, Baskaya HS. Efficiency of the UV/H2O2 process for the disinfection of humic surface waters. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 2007; 42: 497–506.10.1080/10934520601188375Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Alnaizy R, Ibrahim TH. MTBE removal from contaminated water by the UV/H2O2process. Desalin Water Treat 2009; 10: 291–297.10.5004/dwt.2009.690Search in Google Scholar

Alpert SM, Knappe DRU, Ducoste JJ. Modeling the UV/hydrogen peroxide advanced oxidation process using computational fluid dynamics. Water Res 2010; 44: 1797–1808.10.1016/j.watres.2009.12.003Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Amat AM, Arques A, Miranda MA, Lopez F. Use of ozone and/or UV in the treatment of effluents from board paper industry. Chemosphere 2005; 60: 1111–1117.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.12.062Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Arslan I, Balcioglu IA, Tuhkanen T. Advanced oxidation of synthetic dyehouse effluent by O3, H2O2/O3 and H2O2/UV processes. Environ Technol 1999; 20: 921–931.10.1080/09593332008616887Search in Google Scholar

Arslan A, Veli S, Bingöl D. Use of response surface methodology for pretreatment of hospital wastewater by O3/UV and O3/UV/H2O2 processes. Sep Purif Technol 2014; 132: 561–567.10.1016/j.seppur.2014.05.036Search in Google Scholar

Arslan-Alaton I, Tureli G, Olmez-Hanci T. Treatment of azo dye production wastewaters using Photo-Fenton-like advanced oxidation processes: optimization by response surface methodology. J Photochem Photobio A 2009; 202: 142–153.10.1016/j.jphotochem.2008.11.019Search in Google Scholar

Audenaert WTM, Vermeersch Y, Van Hulle SWH, Dejans P, Dumoulin A, Nopens I. Application of a mechanistic UV/hydrogen peroxide model at full-scale: sensitivity analysis, calibration and performance evaluation. Chem Eng J 2011; 171:113–126.10.1016/j.cej.2011.03.071Search in Google Scholar

Autin O, Hart J, Jarvis P, MacAdam J, Parsons SA, Jefferson B. Comparison of UV/H2O2 and UV/TiO2 for the degradation of metaldehyde: kinetics and the impact of background organics. Water Res 2012; 46: 5655–5662.10.1016/j.watres.2012.07.057Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Avisar D, Lester Y, Mamane H. pH induced polychromatic UV treatment for the removal of a mixture of SMX, OTC and CIP from water. J Hazard Mater 2010; 175: 1068–1074.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.10.122Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Ayoub K, van Hullebusch ED, Cassir M, Bermond A. Application of advanced oxidation processes for TNT removal: a review. J Hazard Mater 2010; 178: 10–28.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.02.042Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Azimi Y, Allen DG, Farnood RR. Kinetics of UV inactivation of wastewater bioflocs. Water Res 2012; 46: 3827–3836.10.1016/j.watres.2012.04.019Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Babuponnusami A, Muthukumar K. A review on Fenton and improvements to the Fenton process for wastewater treatment. J Environ Chem Eng. 2013.10.1016/j.jece.2013.10.011Search in Google Scholar

Banat F, Al-Asheh S, Al-Rawashdeh MM, Nusair M. Photodegradation of methylene blue dye by the UV/H2O2 and UV/acetone oxidation processes. Desalination 2005; 181: 225–232.10.1016/j.desal.2005.04.005Search in Google Scholar

Barakat MA. Adsorption and photodegradation of Procion yellow H-EXL dye in textile wastewater over TiO2 suspension. J Hydro-Environ Res 2011; 5: 137–142.10.1016/j.jher.2010.03.002Search in Google Scholar

Beak MH, Ijagbemi CO, Kim DS. Azo dye Acid Red 27 decomposition kinetics during ozone oxidation and adsorption processes. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 2009; 44: 623–629.10.1080/10934520902784708Search in Google Scholar

Beltrán FJ, Encinar J, González JF. Industrial wastewater advanced oxidation. Part 2. Ozone combined with hydrogen peroxide or UV radiation. Water Res 1997; 31: 2415–2428.10.1016/S0043-1354(97)00078-XSearch in Google Scholar

Beltrán FJ, Aguinaco A, García-Araya JF. Application of ozone involving advanced oxidation processes to remove some pharmaceutical compounds from urban wastewaters. Ozone Sci Eng 2012; 34: 3–15.10.1080/01919512.2012.640154Search in Google Scholar

Benitez FJ, Beltran-Heredia J, Torregrosa J, Acero JL. Treatments of wastewaters from olive oil mills by uv radiation and by combined ozone-UV radiation. Tox Environ Chem 1997; 61: 173–185.10.1080/02772249709358483Search in Google Scholar

Bianco B, De Michelis I, Veglio F. Fenton treatment of complex industrial wastewater: optimization of process conditions by surface response method. J Hazard Mater 2011; 186: 1733–1738.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.12.054Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Bin AK, Sobera-Madej S. Comparison of the advanced oxidation processes (UV, UV/H2O2and O3) for the removal of antibiotic substances during wastewater treatment. Ozone Sci Eng 2012; 34: 136–139.10.1080/01919512.2012.650130Search in Google Scholar

Bledzka D, Miller JS, Ledakowicz S. Kinetic studies ofn-Butylparaben degradation in H2O2/UV System. Ozone Sci Eng 2012; 34: 354–358.10.1080/01919512.2012.712847Search in Google Scholar

Bolton JR, Bircher KG, Tumas W, Tolman CA. Figures-of-merit for the technical development and application of advanced oxidation technologies for both electric- and solar-driven systems. Intern Union Pure Appl Chem 2001; 73: 627–637.10.1351/pac200173040627Search in Google Scholar

Boyjoo Y, Ang M, Pareek V. CFD simulation of a pilot scale slurry photocatalytic reactor and design of multiple-lamp reactors. Chem Eng Sci 2014; 111: 266–277.10.1016/j.ces.2014.02.022Search in Google Scholar

Bustos YA, Vaca M, Lopez R, Torres LG. Disinfection of a wastewater flow treated by advanced primary treatment using O(3), UV and O(3)/UV combinations. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 2010; 45: 1715–1719.10.1080/10934529.2010.513241Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Cai C, Zhang H, Zhong X, Hou L. Electrochemical enhanced heterogeneous activation of peroxydisulfate by Fe–Co/SBA-15 catalyst for the degradation of Orange II in water. Water Res 2014; 66: 473–485.10.1016/j.watres.2014.08.039Search in Google Scholar

Chang CN, Ma YS, Fang GC, Chao AC, Tsai MC, Sung HF. Decolorizing of lignin wastewater using the photochemical UV/TiO2 process. Chemosphere 2004; 56: 1011–1017.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.04.021Search in Google Scholar

Chang M-W, Chung C-C, Chern J-M, Chen T-S. Dye decomposition kinetics by UV/H2O2: Initial rate analysis by effective kinetic modelling methodology. Chem Eng Sci 2010; 65: 135–140.10.1016/j.ces.2009.01.056Search in Google Scholar

Chaudhuri M, Wahap MZBA, Affam AC. Treatment of aqueous solution of antibiotics amoxicillin and cloxacillin by modified photo-Fenton process. Desalin Water Treat 2013; 51: 7255–7268.10.1080/19443994.2013.773565Search in Google Scholar

Chelme-Ayala P, El-Din MG, Smith DW. Degradation of bromoxynil and trifluralin in natural water by direct photolysis and UV plus H(2)O(2) advanced oxidation process. Water Res 2010; 44: 2221–2228.10.1016/j.watres.2009.12.045Search in Google Scholar

Chen J, Deng B, Kim CN. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling of UV disinfection in a closed-conduit reactor. Chem Eng Sci 2011; 66: 4983–4990.10.1016/j.ces.2011.06.043Search in Google Scholar

Cheng Z-W, Peng-fei S, Jiang Y-F, Yu J-M, Chen, J-M. Ozone-assisted UV254nm photodegradation of gaseous ethylbenzene and chlorobenzene: Effects of process parameters, degradation pathways, and kinetic analysis. Chem Eng J 2013; 228: 1003–1010.10.1016/j.cej.2013.05.076Search in Google Scholar

Cho I-H, Zoh K-D. Photocatalytic degradation of azo dye (Reactive Red 120) in TiO2/UV system: optimization and modeling using a response surface methodology (RSM) based on the central composite design. Dyes Pigm 2007; 75: 533–543.10.1016/j.dyepig.2006.06.041Search in Google Scholar

Chu W, Choy WK, So TY. The effect of solution pH and peroxide in the TiO2-induced photocatalysis of chlorinated aniline. J Hazard Mater 2007; 141: 86–91.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.06.093Search in Google Scholar

Chun H, Yizhong W. Decolorization nd biodegradability of photocatalytic treated azo dyes and wool textile wastewater. Chemosphere 1999; 39: 2107–2115.10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00118-6Search in Google Scholar

Criquet J, Leitner NKV. Degradation of acetic acid with sulfate radical generated by persulfate ions photolysis. Chemosphere 2009; 77: 194–200.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.07.040Search in Google Scholar

Cuiping B, Xianfeng X, Wenqi G, Dexin F, Mo X, Zhongxue G, Nian X. Removal of rhodamine B by ozone-based advanced oxidation process. Desalination 2011; 278: 84–90.10.1016/j.desal.2011.05.009Search in Google Scholar

Daneshvar N, Salari D, Khataee AR. Photocatalytic degradation of azo dye acid red 14 in water: investigation of the effect of operational parameters. J Photochem Photobio A 2003; 157: 111–116.10.1016/S1010-6030(03)00015-7Search in Google Scholar

Daneshvar N, Salari D, Khataee AR. Photocatalytic degradation of azo dye acid red 14 in water on ZnO as an alternative catalyst to TiO2. J Photochem Photobio A 2004; 162: 317–322.10.1016/S1010-6030(03)00378-2Search in Google Scholar

Daneshvar N, Khataee AR. Removal of azo dye C.I. acid red 14 from contaminated water using Fenton, UV/H(2)O(2), UV/H(2)O(2)/Fe(II), UV/H(2)O(2)/Fe(III) and UV/H(2)O(2)/Fe(III)/oxalate processes: a comparative study. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 2006; 41: 315–328.10.1080/10934520500423196Search in Google Scholar PubMed

De la Cruz N, Esquius L, Grandjean D, Magnet A, Tungler A, de Alencastro LF, Pulgarin C. Degradation of emergent contaminants by UV, UV/H2O2 and neutral photo-Fenton at pilot scale in a domestic wastewater treatment plant. Water Res 2013; 47: 5836–5845.10.1016/j.watres.2013.07.005Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Dimitrakopoulou D, Rethemiotaki I, Frontistis Z, Xekoukoulotakis NP, Venieri D, Mantzavinos D. Degradation, mineralization and antibiotic inactivation of amoxicillin by UV-A/TiO(2) photocatalysis. J Environ Manage 2012; 98: 168–174.10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.01.010Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Domínguez JR, Beltrán J, Rodríguez O. Vis and UV photocatalytic detoxification methods (using TiO2, TiO2/H2O2, TiO2/O3, TiO2/S2O82–, O3, H2O2, S2O82–, Fe3+/H2O2 and Fe3+/H2O2/C2O42–) for dyes treatment. Catal Today 2005; 101: 389–395.10.1016/j.cattod.2005.03.010Search in Google Scholar

Dopar M, Kusic H, Koprivanac N. 2011. Treatment of simulated industrial wastewater by photo-Fenton process. Part I: the optimization of process parameters using design of experiments (DOE). Chem Eng J 173: 267–279.10.1016/j.cej.2010.09.070Search in Google Scholar

Drouiche M, Le Mignot V, Lounici H, Belhocine D, Grib H, Pauss A, Mameri N. A compact process for the treatment of olive mill wastewater by combining OF and UV/H2O2 techniques. Desalination 2004; 169: 81–88.10.1016/j.desal.2004.08.009Search in Google Scholar

Duran A, Monteagudo JM, Carnicer A, Ruiz-Murillo M. Photo-Fenton mineralization of synthetic municipal wastewater effluent containing acetaminophen in a pilot plant. Desalination 2011; 270: 124–129.10.1016/j.desal.2010.11.032Search in Google Scholar

Durán A, Monteagudo JM, San Martín I. Photocatalytic treatment of an industrial effluent using artificial and solar UV radiation: An operational cost study on a pilot plant scale. J Environ Manage 2012; 98: 1–4.10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.12.007Search in Google Scholar PubMed

El Hajjouji H, Barje F, Pinelli E, Bailly JR, Richard C, Winterton P, Revel JC, Hafidi M. Photochemical UV/TiO2 treatment of olive mill wastewater (OMW). Bioresour Technol 2008; 99: 7264–7269.10.1016/j.biortech.2007.12.054Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Elmolla ES, Chaudhuri M. Photocatalytic degradation of amoxicillin, ampicillin and cloxacillin antibiotics in aqueous solution using UV/TiO2 and UV/H2O2/TiO2 photocatalysis. Desalination 2010; 252: 46–52.10.1016/j.desal.2009.11.003Search in Google Scholar

Elmorsi TM, Riyad YM, Mohamed ZH, Abd El Bary HM. Decolorization of Mordant red 73 azo dye in water using H2O2/UV and photo-Fenton treatment. J Hazard Mater 2010; 174: 352–358.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.09.057Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Eren Z. Ultrasound as a basic and auxiliary process for dye remediation: a review. J Environ Manage 2012; 104: 127–141.10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.03.028Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Feng J, Hu X, Yue PL. Effect of initial solution pH on the degradation of Orange II using clay-based Fe nanocomposites as heterogeneous photo-Fenton catalyst. Water Res 2006; 40: 641–646.10.1016/j.watres.2005.12.021Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Fenoll J, Garrido I, Hellín P, Flores P, Vela N, Navarro S. Photocatalytic oxidation of pirimicarb in aqueous slurries containing binary and ternary oxides of zinc and titanium. J Photochem Photobio A: Chem 2015; 298: 24–32.10.1016/j.jphotochem.2014.10.014Search in Google Scholar

Garcia JC, Oliveira JL, Silva AE, Oliveira CC, Nozaki J, de Souza NE. Comparative study of the degradation of real textile effluents by photocatalytic reactions involving UV/TiO2/H2O2 and UV/Fe2+/H2O2 systems. J Hazard Mater 2007; 147: 105–110.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.12.053Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Garoma T, Gurol MD, Thotakura L, Osibodu O. Degradation of tert-butyl formate and its intermediates by an ozone/UV process. Chemosphere 2008; 73: 1708–1715.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.09.039Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Garrido-Ramírez EG, Theng BKG, Mora ML. Clays and oxide minerals as catalysts and nanocatalysts in Fenton-like reactions – a review. Appl Clay Sci 2010; 47: 182–192.10.1016/j.clay.2009.11.044Search in Google Scholar

Gaya UI, Abdullah AH. Heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation of organic contaminants over titanium dioxide: A review of fundamentals, progress and problems. J Photochem Photobio C 2008; 9: 1–12.10.1016/j.jphotochemrev.2007.12.003Search in Google Scholar

Ghafoori S, Mehrvar M, Chan PK. Photoassisted Fenton-like degradation of aqueous poly(acrylic acid): from mechanistic kinetic model to CFD modeling. Chem Eng Res Des 2013; 91: 2617–2629.10.1016/j.cherd.2013.05.019Search in Google Scholar

Ghafoori S, Mehrvar M, Chan PK. Photoreactor scale-up for degradation of aqueous poly(vinyl alcohol) using UV/H2O2 process. Chem Eng J 2014; 245: 133–142.10.1016/j.cej.2014.01.055Search in Google Scholar

Ghiselli G, Jardim WF, Litter MI, Mansilla HD. Destruction of EDTA using Fenton and photo-Fenton-like reactions under UV-A irradiation. J Photochem Photobio A 2004; 167: 59–67.10.1016/j.jphotochem.2004.02.005Search in Google Scholar

Ghodbane H, Hamdaoui O. Decolorization of antraquinonic dye, C.I. Acid Blue 25, in aqueous solution by direct UV irradiation, UV/H2O2 and UV/Fe(II) processes. Chem Eng J 2010; 160: 226–231.10.1016/j.cej.2010.03.049Search in Google Scholar

Giroto JA, Teixeira ACSC, Nascimento CAO, Guardani R. Photo-Fenton removal of water-soluble polymers. Chem Eng Process Process Intensif 2008; 47: 2361–2369.10.1016/j.cep.2008.01.014Search in Google Scholar

Glaze WH, Kang J-W, Chapin DH. The chemistry of water treatment processes involving ozone, hydrogen peroxide and ultraviolet radiation. Ozone Sci Eng 1987; 9: 335–352.10.1080/01919518708552148Search in Google Scholar

Gong J, Liu Y, Sun X. O3 and UV/O3 oxidation of organic constituents of biotreated municipal wastewater. Water Res 2008; 42: 1238–1244.10.1016/j.watres.2007.09.020Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Gozzi F, Machulek A, Ferreira VS, Osugi ME, Santos APF, Nogueira JA, Dantas RF, Esplugas S, de Oliveira SC. Investigation of chlorimuron-ethyl degradation by Fenton, photo-Fenton and ozonation processes. Chem Eng J 2012; 210: 444–450.10.1016/j.cej.2012.09.008Search in Google Scholar

Gracia R, Aragües JL, Ovelleiro JL. Study of the catalytic ozonation of humic substances in water and their ozonation byproducts. Ozone Sci Eng 1996; 18: 195–208.10.1080/01919519608547326Search in Google Scholar

Grcic I, Maljkovic M, Papic S, Koprivanac N. Low frequency US and UV-A assisted Fenton oxidation of simulated dyehouse wastewater. J Hazard Mater 2011; 197: 272–284.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.09.084Search in Google Scholar

Guittonneau S, De Laat J, Duguet JP, Bonnel C, Doré M. Oxidation of parachloronitrobenzene in dilute aqueous solution by O3 + UV and H2O2+ UV: a comparative study. Ozone Sci Eng 1990; 12: 73–94.10.1080/01919519008552456Search in Google Scholar

Gurol MD, Vatistas R. Oxidation of phenolic compounds by ozone and ozone + U.V. radiation: a comparative study. Water Res 1987; 21: 895–900.10.1016/S0043-1354(87)80006-4Search in Google Scholar

Haji S, Benstaali B, Al-Bastaki N. Degradation of methyl orange by UV/H2O2 advanced oxidation process. Chem Eng J 2011;168: 134–139.10.1016/j.cej.2010.12.050Search in Google Scholar

Hasan DuB, Abdul Aziz AR, Daud WMAW. Oxidative mineralisation of petroleum refinery effluent using Fenton-like process. Chem Eng Res Des 2012a; 90: 298–307.10.1016/j.cherd.2011.06.010Search in Google Scholar

Hasan DuB, Aziz ARA, Daud WMAW. Using D-optimal experimental design to optimise remazol black B mineralisation by Fenton-like peroxidation. Environ Technol 2012b; 33: 1111–1121.10.1080/09593330.2011.610360Search in Google Scholar

Herrera-Melián JA, Tello Rendón E, Doña Rodríguez JM, Viera Suárez A, Valdés do Campo C, Pérez Peña J, Araña Mesa J. Incidence of pretreatment by potassium permanganate on hazardous laboratory wastes photodegradability. Water Res 2000; 34: 3967–3976.10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00146-9Search in Google Scholar

Hu Q, Zhang C, Wang Z, Chen Y, Mao K, Zhang X, Xiong Y, Zhu, M. Photodegradation of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) by UV/H2O2 and UV/TiO2. J Hazard Mater 2008; 154: 795–803.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.10.118Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Hu X, Wang X, Ban Y, Ren B. A comparative study of UV-Fenton, UV-H2O2and Fenton reaction treatment of landfill leachate. Environ Technol 2011; 32: 945–951.10.1080/09593330.2010.521953Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Huang K-C, Zhao Z, Hoag GE, Dahmani A, Block PA. Degradation of volatile organic compounds with thermally activated persulfate oxidation. Chemosphere 2005; 61: 551–560.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.02.032Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Huang YH, Huang YF, Chang PS, Chen CY. Comparative study of oxidation of dye-reactive black B by different advanced oxidation processes: Fenton, electro-Fenton and photo-Fenton. J Hazard Mater 2008; 154: 655–662.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.10.077Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Huber MM, Canonica S, Park GY, von Gunten U. Oxidation of pharmaceuticals during ozonation and advanced oxidation processes. Environ Sci Technol 2003; 37: 1016–1024.10.1021/es025896hSearch in Google Scholar PubMed

Ince NH, Gönenç DT. Treatability of a textile azo dye by UV/H2O2. Environ Technol 1997; 18: 179–185.10.1080/09593330.1997.9618484Search in Google Scholar

Irmak S, Erbatur O, Akgerman A. Degradation of 17beta-estradiol and bisphenol A in aqueous medium by using ozone and ozone/UV techniques. J Hazard Mater 2005; 126: 54–62.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.05.045Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Jin-hui Z. Research on UV/TiO2 photocatalytic oxidation of organic matter in drinking water and its influencing factors. Procedia Environ Sci 2012; 12: 445–452.10.1016/j.proenv.2012.01.302Search in Google Scholar

Jiraroj D, Unob F, Hagege A. Degradation of Pb--EDTA complex by a H(2)O(2)/UV process. Water Res 2006; 40: 107–112.10.1016/j.watres.2005.10.041Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Jung JT, Choi JY, Chung J, Lee YW, Kim JO. UV/TiO2 and UV/TiO2/chemical oxidant processes for the removal of humic acid, Cr and Cu in aqueous TiO2 suspensions. Environ Technol 2009; 30: 225–232.10.1080/09593330802503750Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Jung YJ, Kim WG, Yoon Y, Kang JW, Hong YM, Kim HW. Removal of amoxicillin by UV and UV/H2O2 processes. Sci Total Environ 2012; 420: 160–167.10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.12.011Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Kartal OE, Turhan GD. Decolourization of C.I. Reactive Orange 16 via photocatalysis involving TiO2/UV and TiO2/UV/oxidant systems. Desalin Water Treat 2012; 48: 199–206.10.1080/19443994.2012.698813Search in Google Scholar

Kaur S, Singh V. TiO2 mediated photocatalytic degradation studies of Reactive Red 198 by UV irradiation. J Hazard Mater 2007; 141: 230–236.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.06.123Search in Google Scholar

Kavitha V, Palanivelu K. Degradation of 2-Chlorophenol by Fenton and photo-Fenton processes – a comparative study. J Environ Sci Health A 2003;38: 1215–1231.10.1081/ESE-120021121Search in Google Scholar

Khataee AR. Optimization of UV-promoted peroxydisulphate oxidation of C.I. Basic Blue 3 using response surface methodology. Environ Technol 2010; 31: 73–86.10.1080/09593330903358302Search in Google Scholar

Khataee AR, Mirzajani O. UV/peroxydisulfate oxidation of C. I. Basic Blue 3: modeling of key factors by artificial neural network. Desalination 2010; 251: 64–69.10.1016/j.desal.2009.09.142Search in Google Scholar

Kim D, Chen JK-C, Yen TF. Naval derusting wastewater containing high concentration of iron, treated in UV photo-Fenton-like oxidation. J Environ Sci 2010; 22: 991–997.10.1016/S1001-0742(09)60209-6Search in Google Scholar

Kim S-J, Kim S-C, Seo S-G, Lee D-J, Lee H, Park SH, Jung S-C. Photocatalyzed destruction of organic dyes using microwave/UV/O3/H2O2/TiO2 oxidation system. Catal Today 2011; 164: 384–390.10.1016/j.cattod.2010.10.025Search in Google Scholar

Kim I-Y, Kim M-K, Yoon Y, Im J-K, Zoh K-D. Kinetics and degradation mechanism of clofibric acid and diclofenac in UV photolysis and UV/H2O2reaction. Desalin Water Treat 2013; 1–8.10.1080/19443994.2013.817507Search in Google Scholar

Kralik P, Kusic H, Koprivanac N, Loncaric Bozic A. 2010. Degradation of chlorinated hydrocarbons by UV/H2O2: the application of experimental design and kinetic modeling approach. Chem Eng J 158: 154–166.10.1016/j.cej.2009.12.023Search in Google Scholar

Kruithof JC, Kamp PC, Martijn BJ. UV/H2O2Treatment: a practical solution for organic contaminant control and primary disinfection. Ozone Sci Eng 2007; 29: 273–280.10.1080/01919510701459311Search in Google Scholar

Kuo C-Y, Wu C-H, Chen S-T. Decolorization of C.I. Reactive Red 2 by UV/TiO2/PAC and visible light/TiO2/PAC systems. Desalin Water Treat 2013; 52: 834–843.Search in Google Scholar

Kuo C-Y, Wu C-H, Lin H-Y. Synergistic effects of TiO2 and Cu2O in UV/TiO2/zeolite-based systems on photodegradation of bisphenol A. Environ Technol 2014; 35: 1851–1857.10.1080/09593330.2014.884635Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Kusic H, Koprivanac N, Bozic AL. Minimization of organic pollutant content in aqueous solution by means of AOPs: UV- and ozone-based technologies. Chem Eng J 2006a; 123: 127–137.10.1016/j.cej.2006.07.011Search in Google Scholar

Kusic H, Koprivanac N, Bozic AL, Selanec I. Photo-assisted Fenton type processes for the degradation of phenol: a kinetic study. J Hazard Mater 2006b; 136: 632–644.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.12.046Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Lee S-M, Kim Y-G, Cho I-H. Treatment of dyeing wastewater by TiO2/H2O2/UV process: experimental design approach for evaluating total organic carbon (TOC) removal efficiency. J Environ Sci Health A 2005; 40: 423–436.10.1081/ESE-200045639Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Leong SK, Bashah NAA. Kinetic study on COD removal of palm oil refinery effluent by UV-Fenton. APCBEE Procedia 2012; 3: 6–10.10.1016/j.apcbee.2012.06.037Search in Google Scholar

Lester Y, Gozlan I, Avisar D, Mamane H. Photodegradation of sulphadimethoxine in water by medium pressure UV lamp. Water Sci Technol 2008; 58: 1147–1154.10.2166/wst.2008.668Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Lester Y, Avisar D, Mamane H. Photodegradation of the antibiotic sulphamethoxazole in water with UV/H2O2 advanced oxidation process. Environ Technol 2010; 31: 175–183.10.1080/09593330903414238Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Lester Y, Avisar D, Gozlan I, Mamane H. Removal of pharmaceuticals using combination of UV/H(2)O(2)/O(3) advanced oxidation process. Water Sci Technol 2011; 64: 2230–2238.10.2166/wst.2011.079Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Lester Y, Mamane H, Avisar D. Enhanced removal of micropollutants from groundwater, using pH modification coupled with photolysis. Water, Air, Soil Poll 2012; 223: 1639–1647.10.1007/s11270-011-0971-xSearch in Google Scholar

Lester Y, Avisar D, Mamane H. Ozone degradation of cyclophosphamide – Effect of alkalinity and key effluent organic matter constituents. Ozon Sci Eng 2013a; 35: 125–133.10.1080/01919512.2013.761107Search in Google Scholar

Lester Y, Mamane H, Zucker I, Avisar D. Treating wastewater from a pharmaceutical formulation facility by biological process and ozone. Water Res 2013b; 47: 4349–4356.10.1016/j.watres.2013.04.059Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Li K, Hokanson DR, Crittenden JC, Trussell RR, Minakata D. Evaluating UV/H2O2 processes for methyl tert-butyl ether and tertiary butyl alcohol removal: effect of pretreatment options and light sources. Water Res 2008; 42: 5045–5053.10.1016/j.watres.2008.09.017Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Li W, Lu S, Qiu Z, Lin K. UV and VUV photolysis vs. UV/H2O2 and VUV/H2O2 treatment for removal of clofibric acid from aqueous solution. Environ Technol 2011; 32: 1063–1071.10.1080/09593330.2010.525750Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Liang CJ, Bruell CJ, Marley MC, Sperry KL. Thermally activated persulfate oxidation of trichloroethylene (TCE) and 1,1,1-trichloroethane (TCA) in aqueous systems and soil slurries. Soil Sediment Contam 2003; 12: 207–228.10.1080/713610970Search in Google Scholar

Liang C, Bruell CJ, Marley MC, Sperry KL. Persulfate oxidation for in situ remediation of TCE. I. Activated by ferrous ion with and without a persulfate–thiosulfate redox couple. Chemosphere 2004a; 55: 1213–1223.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.01.029Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Liang C, Bruell CJ, Marley MC, Sperry KL. Persulfate oxidation for in situ remediation of TCE. II. Activated by chelated ferrous ion. Chemosphere 2004b; 55: 1225–1233.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.01.030Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Lide DR. CRC Handbook of chemistry and physics, 85th ed., Taylor & Francis, 2004, ISBN: 0849304857, 9780849304859, pp. 1252–1274.Search in Google Scholar

Lin C-H, Yu R-F, Cheng W-P, Liu C-R. Monitoring and control of UV and UV-TiO2 disinfections for municipal wastewater reclamation using artificial neural networks. J Hazard Mater 2012; 209–210: 348–354.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.01.029Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Lin H, Wu J, Zhang H. Degradation of clofibric acid in aqueous solution by an EC/Fe3+/PMS process. Chem Eng J 2014; 244: 514–521.10.1016/j.cej.2014.01.099Search in Google Scholar

Linden KG, Rosenfeldt EJ, Kullman SW. UV/H2O2 degradation of endocrine-disrupting chemicals in water evaluated via toxicity assays. Water Sci Technol 2007; 55: 313–319.10.2166/wst.2007.423Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Liu BW, Chou MS, Kao CM, Huang BJ. Evaluation of selected operational parameters for the decolorization of dye-finishing wastewater using UV/Ozone. Ozone Sci Eng 2004; 26: 239–245.10.1080/01919510490455557Search in Google Scholar

Liu C-C, Hsieh Y-H, Lai P-F, Li C-H, Kao C-L. Photodegradation treatment of azo dye wastewater by UV/TiO2 process. Dyes Pigm 2006; 68: 191–195.10.1016/j.dyepig.2004.12.002Search in Google Scholar

Liu R, Chiu HM, Shiau C-S, Yeh RY-L, Hung Y-T. Degradation and sludge production of textile dyes by Fenton and photo-Fenton processes. Dyes Pigm 2007; 73: 1–6.10.1016/j.dyepig.2005.10.002Search in Google Scholar

Liu X, Garoma T, Chen Z, Wang L, Wu Y. SMX degradation by ozonation and UV radiation: a kinetic study. Chemosphere 2012; 87: 1134–1140.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.02.007Search in Google Scholar

Liu P, Li C, Kong X, Lu G, Xu J, Ji F, Liang X. Photocatalytic degradation of EDTA with UV/Cu(II)/H2O2process. Desalin Water Treat 2013; 51: 7555–7561.10.1080/19443994.2013.773862Search in Google Scholar

Lu LA, Ma YS, Daverey A, Lin JG. Optimization of photo-Fenton process parameters on carbofuran degradation using central composite design. J Environ Sci Health B 2012; 47: 553–561.10.1080/03601234.2012.665711Search in Google Scholar

Lucas M, Peres J. Decolorization of the azo dye reactive black 5 by Fenton and photo-Fenton oxidation. Dyes Pigm 2006; 71: 236–244.10.1016/j.dyepig.2005.07.007Search in Google Scholar

Lucas MS, Peres JA, Li Puma G. Treatment of winery wastewater by ozone-based advanced oxidation processes (O3, O3/UV and O3/UV/H2O2) in a pilot-scale bubble column reactor and process economics. Sep Purif Technol 2010; 72: 235–241.10.1016/j.seppur.2010.01.016Search in Google Scholar

Lydakis-Simantiris N, Riga D, Katsivela E, Mantzavinos D, Xekoukoulotakis NP. Disinfection of spring water and secondary treated municipal wastewater by TiO2 photocatalysis. Desalination 2010; 250: 351–355.10.1016/j.desal.2009.09.055Search in Google Scholar

Mahamuni NN, Adewuyi YG. Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) involving ultrasound for waste water treatment: a review with emphasis on cost estimation. Ultrason Sonochem 2010; 17: 990–1003.10.1016/j.ultsonch.2009.09.005Search in Google Scholar

Malik P. Kinetics of decolourisation of azo dyes in wastewater by UV/H2O2 process. Sep Purif Technol 2004; 36: 167–175.10.1016/S1383-5866(03)00212-0Search in Google Scholar

Mansouri L, Bousselmi L. Degradation of diethyl phthalate (DEP) in aqueous solution using TiO2/UV process. Desalin Water Treat 2012; 40: 63–68.10.1080/19443994.2012.671142Search in Google Scholar

Matafonova G, Batoev V. Recent progress on application of UV excilamps for degradation of organic pollutants and microbial inactivation. Chemosphere 2012; 89: 637–647.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.06.012Search in Google Scholar

Mendez-Arriaga F, Esplugas S, Gimenez J. Degradation of the emerging contaminant ibuprofen in water by photo-Fenton. Water Res 2010; 44: 589–595.10.1016/j.watres.2009.07.009Search in Google Scholar

Modirshahla N, Behnajady MA, Ghanbary F. Decolorization and mineralization of C.I. Acid Yellow 23 by Fenton and photo-Fenton processes. Dyes Pigm 2007; 73: 305–310.10.1016/j.dyepig.2006.01.002Search in Google Scholar

Mohammadi M, Sabbaghi S. Photo-catalytic degradation of 2,4-DCP wastewater using MWCNT/TiO2 nano-composite activated by UV and solar light. Environ Nanotechnol Monit Manage 2014; 1–2: 24–29.10.1016/j.enmm.2014.09.002Search in Google Scholar

Mohseni M, Taghipour F. Experimental and CFD analysis of photocatalytic gas phase vinyl chloride (VC) oxidation. Chem Eng Sci 2004; 59: 1601–1609.10.1016/j.ces.2004.01.017Search in Google Scholar

Mora VC, Rosso JA, Carrillo Le Roux G, Mártire DO, Gonzalez MC. Thermally activated peroxydisulfate in the presence of additives: a clean method for the degradation of pollutants. Chemosphere 2009;75: 1405–1409.10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.02.038Search in Google Scholar

Muruganandham M, Swaminathan M. Advanced oxidative decolourisation of Reactive Yellow 14 azo dye by UV/TiO2, UV/H2O2, UV/H2O2/Fe2+ processes – a comparative study. Sep Purif Technol 2006a; 48: 297–303.10.1016/j.seppur.2005.07.036Search in Google Scholar

Muruganandham M, Swaminathan M. Photocatalytic decolourisation and degradation of Reactive Orange 4 by TiO-UV process. Dye Pigm 2006b; 68: 133–142.10.1016/j.dyepig.2005.01.004Search in Google Scholar

Neamtu M, Yediler A, Siminiceanu I, Kettrup A. Oxidation of commercial reactive azo dye aqueous solutions by the photo-Fenton and Fenton-like processes. J Photochem Photobio A 2003; 161: 87–93.10.1016/S1010-6030(03)00270-3Search in Google Scholar

Oh BS, Jung YJ, Oh YJ, Yoo YS, Kang JW. Application of ozone, UV and ozone/UV processes to reduce diethyl phthalate and its estrogenic activity. Sci Total Environ 2006; 367: 681–693.10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.02.051Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Papic S, Vujevic D, Koprivanac N, Sinko D. Decolourization and mineralization of commercial reactive dyes by using homogeneous and heterogeneous Fenton and UV/Fenton processes. J Hazard Mater 2009; 164: 1137–1145.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.09.008Search in Google Scholar

Pareek VK, Cox SJ, Brungs MP, Young B, Adesina AA. Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulation of a pilot-scale annular bubble column photocatalytic reactor. Chem Eng Sci 2003; 58: 859–865.10.1016/S0009-2509(02)00617-6Search in Google Scholar

Park J-H, Choi E, Gil K-I. Removal of reactive dye using UV/TiO2 in circular type reactor. J Environ Sci Health A 2003; 38: 1389–1399.10.1081/ESE-120021133Search in Google Scholar

Park JH, Cho IH, Chang SW. Comparison of fenton and photo-fenton processes for livestock wastewater treatment. J Environ Sci Health B 2006; 41: 109–120.10.1080/03601230500364740Search in Google Scholar

Patel SG, Yadav NR, Patel SK. Evaluation of degradation characteristics of reactive dyes by UV/Fenton, UV/Fenton/Activated Charcoal, and UV/Fenton/Tio2processes: a comparative study. Sep Sci Technol 2013; 48: 1788–1800.10.1080/01496395.2012.756035Search in Google Scholar

Peternel IT, Koprivanac N, Bozic AM, Kusic HM. Comparative study of UV/TiO2, UV/ZnO and photo-Fenton processes for the organic reactive dye degradation in aqueous solution. J Hazard Mater 2007; 148: 477–484.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.02.072Search in Google Scholar

Philippopoulos CJ, Poulopoulos SG. Photo-assisted oxidation of an oily wastewater using hydrogen peroxide. J Hazard Mater 2003; 98: 201–210.10.1016/S0304-3894(02)00357-6Search in Google Scholar

Qiu M, Huang C. A comparative study of degradation of the azo dye C.I. Acid Blue 9 by Fenton and photo-Fenton oxidation. Desalin Water Treat 2010; 24: 273–277.10.5004/dwt.2010.1619Search in Google Scholar

Ramesh T, Vigneswaran S, Moon I. A review on UV/TiO2 photocatalytic oxidation process (Journal Review). Korean J Chem Eng 2008; 25: 64–72.10.1007/s11814-008-0011-8Search in Google Scholar

Rastogi A, Al-Abed SR, Dionysiou DD. Effect of inorganic, synthetic and naturally occurring chelating agents on Fe(II) mediated advanced oxidation of chlorophenols. Water Res 2009; 43: 684–694.10.1016/j.watres.2008.10.045Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Rauf MA, Marzouki N, Korbahti BK. Photolytic decolorization of Rose Bengal by UV/H(2)O(2) and data optimization using response surface method. J Hazard Mater 2008; 159: 602–609.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.02.098Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Riga A, Soutsas K, Ntampegliotis K, Karayannis V, Papapolymerou G. Effect of system parameters and of inorganic salts on the decolorization and degradation of Procion H-exl dyes. Comparison of H2O2/UV, Fenton, UV/Fenton, TiO2/UV and TiO2/UV/H2O2 processes. Desalination 2007; 211: 72–86.10.1016/j.desal.2006.04.082Search in Google Scholar

Rizzo L, Della Sala A, Fiorentino A, Li Puma G. Disinfection of urban wastewater by solar driven and UV lamp – TiO2 photocatalysis: Effect on a multi drug resistant Escherichia coli strain. Water Res 2014; 53: 145–152.10.1016/j.watres.2014.01.020Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Rodrigues CSD, Madeira LM, Boaventura RAR. Synthetic textile dyeing wastewater treatment by integration of advanced oxidation and biological processes – Performance analysis with costs reduction. J Environ Chem Eng 2014; 2: 1027–1039.10.1016/j.jece.2014.03.019Search in Google Scholar

Romero-Vargas Castrillón S, de Lasa HI. Performance evaluation of photocatalytic reactors for air purification using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Ind Eng Chem Res 2007; 46: 5867–5880.10.1021/ie060696qSearch in Google Scholar

Rosario-Ortiz FL, Wert EC, Snyder SA. 2010. Evaluation of UV/H2O2 treatment for the oxidation of pharmaceuticals in wastewater. Water Res 44: 1440–1448.10.1016/j.watres.2009.10.031Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Rosenfeldt EJ, Linden KG, Canonica S, von Gunten U. Comparison of the efficiency of *OH radical formation during ozonation and the advanced oxidation processes O3/H2O2 and UV/H2O2. Water Res 2006; 40: 3695–3704.10.1016/j.watres.2006.09.008Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Rubio D, Nebot E, Casanueva JF, Pulgarin C. Comparative effect of simulated solar light, UV, UV/H2O2 and photo-Fenton treatment (UV–Vis/H2O2/Fe2+,3+) in the Escherichia coli inactivation in artificial seawater. Water Res 2013; 47: 6367–6379.10.1016/j.watres.2013.08.006Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Ryu H, Gerrity D, Crittenden JC, Abbaszadegan M. Photocatalytic inactivation of Cryptosporidium parvum with TiO(2) and low-pressure ultraviolet irradiation. Water Res 2008; 42: 1523–1530.10.1016/j.watres.2007.10.037Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Sabaikai W, Sekine M, Tokumura M, Kawase Y. UV light photo-Fenton degradation of polyphenols in oolong tea manufacturing wastewater. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 2014; 49: 193–202.10.1080/10934529.2013.838873Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Saghafinia MS, Emadian SM, Vossoughi M. Performances evaluation of Photo-Fenton process and sonolysis for the treatment of Penicillin G formulation effluent. Procedia Environ Sci 2011; 8: 202–208.10.1016/j.proenv.2011.10.033Search in Google Scholar

Saien J, Nejati H. Enhanced photocatalytic degradation of pollutants in petroleum refinery wastewater under mild conditions. J Hazard Mater 2007; 148: 491–495.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.03.001Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Saien J, Soleymani AR, Sun JH. Parametric optimization of individual and hybridized AOPs of Fe2+/H2O2 and UV/S2O82– for rapid dye destruction in aqueous media. Desalination 2011; 279: 298–305.10.1016/j.desal.2011.06.024Search in Google Scholar

Salari D, Niaei A, Aber S, Rasoulifard MH. The photooxidative destruction of C.I. Basic Yellow 2 using UV/S2O82– process in a rectangular continuous photoreactor. J Hazard Mater 2009; 166: 61–66.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.11.039Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

Saquib M, Abu Tariq M, Haque MM, Muneer M. Photocatalytic degradation of disperse blue 1 using UV/TiO2/H2O2 process. J Environ Manage 2008; 88: 300–306.10.1016/j.jenvman.2007.03.012Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Schrank SG, Santos JNRD, Souza DS, Souza EES. Decolourisation effects of Vat Green 01 textile dye and textile wastewater using H2O2/UV process. J Photochem Photobio A 2007; 186: 125–129.10.1016/j.jphotochem.2006.08.001Search in Google Scholar

Schulte P, Bayer A, Kuhn F, Luy T, Volkmer M. H2O2/O3, H2O2/UV and H2O2/Fe2+processes for the oxidation of hazardous wastes. Ozone Sci Eng 1995; 17: 119–134.10.1080/01919519508547541Search in Google Scholar

Shang NC, Chen YH, Ma HW, Lee CW, Chang CH, Yu YH, Lee CH. Oxidation of methyl methacrylate from semiconductor wastewater by O3 and O3/UV processes. J Hazard Mater 2007; 147: 307–312.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.01.004Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Sharrer MJ, Summerfelt ST. Ozonation followed by ultraviolet irradiation provides effective bacteria inactivation in a freshwater recirculating system. Aquacult Eng 2007; 37: 180–191.10.1016/j.aquaeng.2007.05.001Search in Google Scholar

Shavisi Y, Sharifnia S, Hosseini SN, Khadivi MA. Application of TiO2/perlite photocatalysis for degradation of ammonia in wastewater. J Ind EngChem 2014; 20: 278–283.10.1016/j.jiec.2013.03.037Search in Google Scholar

Shu HY. Degradation of dyehouse effluent containing C.I. Direct Blue 199 by processes of ozonation, UV/H2O2 and in sequence of ozonation with UV/H2O2. J Hazard Mater 2006; 133: 92–98.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.09.056Search in Google Scholar

Shu H-Y, Chang M-C. Decolorization and mineralization of a phthalocyanine dye C.I. Direct Blue 199 using UV/H2O2 process. J Hazard Mater 2005a; 125: 96–101.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.05.016Search in Google Scholar

Shu H-Y, Chang M-C. Decolorization effects of six azo dyes by O3, UV/O3 and UV/H2O2 processes. Dyes Pigm 2005b; 65: 25–31.10.1016/j.dyepig.2004.06.014Search in Google Scholar

Shu HY, Chang MC. Pilot scale annular plug flow photoreactor by UV/H2O2 for the decolorization of azo dye wastewater. J Hazard Mater 2005c; 125: 244–251.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.05.038Search in Google Scholar

Shu HY, Chang MC, Fan HJ. Effects of gap size and UV dosage on decolorization of C.I. Acid Blue 113 wastewater in the UV/H2O2 process. J Hazard Mater 2005; 118: 205–211.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.11.006Search in Google Scholar

Shu HY, Chang MC, Hsieh WP. Remedy of dye manufacturing process effluent by UV/H2O2 process. J Hazard Mater 2006a; 128: 60–66.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.07.030Search in Google Scholar

Shu HY, Fan HJ, Chang MC, Hsieh WP. Treatment of MSW landfill leachate by a thin gap annular UV/H2O2 photoreactor with multi-UV lamps. J Hazard Mater 2006b; 129: 73–79.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.08.009Search in Google Scholar

Sohrabi MR, Ghavami M. Photocatalytic degradation of Direct Red 23 dye using UV/TiO2: Effect of operational parameters. J Hazard Mater 2008; 153: 1235–1239.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.09.114Search in Google Scholar

Summerfelt ST. Ozonation and UV irradiation – an introduction and examples of current applications. Aquacult Eng 2003; 28: 21–36.10.1016/S0144-8609(02)00069-9Search in Google Scholar

Swaim P, Royce A, Smith T, Maloney T, Ehlen D, Carter B. Effectiveness of UV advanced oxidation for destruction of micro-pollutants. Ozone Sci Eng 2008; 30: 34–42.10.1080/01919510701753390Search in Google Scholar

Tanaka K, Padermpole K, Hisanaga T. Photocatalytic degradation of commercial azo dyes. Water Res 2000; 34: 327–333.10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00093-7Search in Google Scholar

Tang WZ, Huren A. UV/TiO2 photocatalytic oxidation of commercial dyes in aqueous solutions. Chemosphere 1995; 31: 4157–4170.10.1016/0045-6535(95)80015-DSearch in Google Scholar

Tang WZ, Zhang Z, An H, Quintana MO, Torres DF. TiO2/UV photodegradation of azo dyes in aqueous solutions. EnvironTechnol 1997; 18: 1–12.10.1080/09593330.1997.9618466Search in Google Scholar

Tang C, Chen V. The photocatalytic degradation of reactive black 5 using TiO2/UV in an annular photoreactor. Water Res 2004; 38: 2775–2781.10.1016/j.watres.2004.03.020Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Tezcanli-Guyer G, Ince NH. Individual and combined effects of ultrasound, ozone and UV irradiation: a case study with textile dyes. Ultrasonics 2004;42: 603–609.10.1016/j.ultras.2004.01.096Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Thiruvenkatachari R, Ouk Kwon T, Shik Moon I. Degradation of phthalic acids and benzoic acid from terephthalic acid wastewater by advanced oxidation processes. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 2006; 41: 1685–1697.10.1080/10934520600754136Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Thiruvenkatachari R, Kwon TO, Jun JC, Balaji S, Matheswaran M, Moon IS. Application of several advanced oxidation processes for the destruction of terephthalic acid (TPA). J Hazard Mater 2007; 142: 308–314.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.08.023Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Tokumura M, Morito R, Kawase Y. Photo-Fenton process for simultaneous colored wastewater treatment and electricity and hydrogen production. Chem Eng J 2013; 221: 81–89.10.1016/j.cej.2013.01.075Search in Google Scholar

Tomiyasu H, Fukutomi H, Gordon G. Kinetics and mechanism of ozone decomposition in basic aqueous solution. Inorg Chem 1985; 24: 2962–2966.10.1021/ic00213a018Search in Google Scholar

Tony MA, Purcell PJ, Zhao Y. Oil refinery wastewater treatment using physicochemical, Fenton and photo-Fenton oxidation processes. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 2012; 47: 435–440.10.1080/10934529.2012.646136Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Toor AP, Verma A, Jotshi CK, Bajpai PK, Singh V. Photocatalytic degradation of Direct Yellow 12 dye using UV/TiO2 in a shallow pond slurry reactor. Dyes Pigm 2006; 68: 53–60.10.1016/j.dyepig.2004.12.009Search in Google Scholar

Torrades F, García-Montaño J. Using central composite experimental design to optimize the degradation of real dye wastewater by Fenton and photo-Fenton reactions. Dyes Pigm 2014; 100: 184–189.10.1016/j.dyepig.2013.09.004Search in Google Scholar

Trabelsi-Souissi S, Oturan N, Bellakhal N, Oturan MA. Application of the photo-Fenton process to the mineralization of phthalic anhydride in aqueous medium. Desalin Water Treat 2011; 25: 210–215.10.5004/dwt.2011.1445Search in Google Scholar

Trapido M, Hirvonen A, Veressinina Y, Hentunen J, Munter R. Ozonation, ozone/UV and UV/H2O2degradation of chlorophenols. Ozon Sci Eng 1997; 19: 75–96.10.1080/01919519708547319Search in Google Scholar

Tsao M-S, Wilmarth WK. The aqueous chemistry of inorganic free radicals. I. The mechanism of the photolytic decomposition of aqueous persulfate ion and evidence regarding the sulfate-hydroxyl radical interconversion equilibrium. J Phys Chem 1959; 63: 346–353.10.1021/j150573a006Search in Google Scholar

Tureli G, Gursoy BH, Olmez-Hanci T, Arslan-Alaton I. H2O2/UV-C and Fe2++/H2O2/UV-C treatment of a commercial naphthalene sulphonate (H-acid). Desalin Water Treat 2010; 23: 66–72.10.5004/dwt.2010.1952Search in Google Scholar

Verbruggen SW, Lenaerts S, Denys S. Analytic versus CFD approach for kinetic modeling of gas phase photocatalysis. Chem Eng J 2015; 262: 1–8.10.1016/j.cej.2014.09.041Search in Google Scholar

Vogna D, Marotta R, Napolitano A, Andreozzi R, d’Ischia M. Advanced oxidation of the pharmaceutical drug diclofenac with UV/H2O2 and ozone. Water Res 2004; 38: 414–422.10.1016/j.watres.2003.09.028Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Vujevic D, Papic S, Koprivanac N, Bozic AL. Decolorization and mineralization of reactive dye by UV/Fenton Process. Sep Sci Technol 2010; 45: 1637–1643.10.1080/01496395.2010.487734Search in Google Scholar

Wang JL, Xu LJ. Advanced oxidation processes for wastewater treatment: formation of hydroxyl radical and application. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 2012; 42: 251–325.10.1080/10643389.2010.507698Search in Google Scholar

Wang Z, Liu J, Dai Y, Dong W, Zhang S, Chen J. CFD modeling of a UV-LED photocatalytic odor abatement process in a continuous reactor. J Hazard Mater 2012; 215–216: 25–31.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.02.021Search in Google Scholar

Watts R, Teel A. Treatment of contaminated soils and groundwater using ISCO. Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management 2006; 10: 2–9.10.1061/(ASCE)1090-025X(2006)10:1(2)Search in Google Scholar

Wols BA, Hofman-Caris CHM. Modelling micropollutant degradation in UV/H2O2 systems: Lagrangian versus Eulerian method. Chem Eng J 2012; 210: 289–297.10.1016/j.cej.2012.08.088Search in Google Scholar

Wu C. Effects of operational parameters on the decolorization of C.I. Reactive Red 198 in UV/TiO2-based systems. Dyes Pigm 2008; 77: 31–38.10.1016/j.dyepig.2007.03.003Search in Google Scholar

Wu JJ, Yang JS, Muruganandham M, Wu CC. The oxidation study of 2-propanol using ozone-based advanced oxidation processes. Sep Purif Technol 2008a; 62: 39–46.10.1016/j.seppur.2007.12.018Search in Google Scholar

Wu C-H, Chang C-L, Kuo C-Y. Decolorization of Procion Red MX-5B in electrocoagulation (EC), UV/TiO2 and ozone-related systems. Dyes Pigm 2008b; 76: 187–194.10.1016/j.dyepig.2006.08.017Search in Google Scholar

Xu X-R, Li X-Y, Li X-Z, Li H-B. Degradation of melatonin by UV, UV/H2O2, Fe2+/H2O2 and UV/Fe2+/H2O2 processes. Sep Purif Technol 2009; 68: 261–266.10.1016/j.seppur.2009.05.013Search in Google Scholar

Xu H, Xu W, Wang J. Degradation kinetics of azo dye reactive Red SBE wastewater by complex ultraviolet and hydrogen peroxide process. Environ Prog Sustain Energy 2011; 30: 208–215.10.1002/ep.10469Search in Google Scholar

Yang W, Zhou H, Cicek N. Treatment of organic micropollutants in water and wastewater by UV-based processes: a literature review. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 2013.130906052408006.Search in Google Scholar

Yasar A, Ahmad N, Latif H, Amanat Ali Khan A. Pathogen re-growth in UASB effluent disinfected by UV, O3, H2O2, and advanced oxidation processes. Ozone Sci Eng 2007; 29: 485–492.10.1080/01919510701617710Search in Google Scholar

Yeber MC, Cid JA. Oil removal from fishmeal mill wastewater by the Fe°/UV process: optimization by experimental design. Desalin Water Treat 2013; 51: 2102–2108.10.1080/19443994.2013.734573Search in Google Scholar

Yonar T, Kestioglu K, Azbar N. Treatability studies on domestic wastewater using UV/H2O2 process. Appl Catal B, 2006; 67: 223–228.10.1016/j.apcatb.2006.04.022Search in Google Scholar

Yoon S-H, Lee S, Kim T-H, Lee M, Yu S. Oxidation of methylated arsenic species by UV/S2O82. Chem Eng J 2011; 173: 290–295.10.1016/j.cej.2011.04.057Search in Google Scholar

Zarora C, Segura C, Mansilla H, Mondaca MA, Gonzalez P. Kinetic study of imidacloprid removal by advanced oxidation based on photo-Fenton process. Environ Technol 2010; 31: 1411–1416.10.1080/09593331003680926Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Zhan F, Li C, Zeng G, Tao S, Xiao Y, Zhang X, Zhao L, Zhang J, Ma J. Experimental study on oxidation of elemental mercury by UV/Fenton system. Chem Eng J 2013; 232: 81–88.10.1016/j.cej.2013.07.082Search in Google Scholar

Zhang Y, Pagilla K. Treatment of malathion pesticide wastewater with nanofiltration and photo-Fenton oxidation. Desalination 2010; 263: 36–44.10.1016/j.desal.2010.06.031Search in Google Scholar

Zhang H, Choi HJ, Huang CP. Optimization of Fenton process for the treatment of landfill leachate. J Hazard Mater 2005; 125: 166–174.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.05.025Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Zhang Q, Li C, Li T. Rapid photocatalytic decolorization of methylene blue using high photon flux UV/TiO2/H2O2 process. Chem Eng J 2013; 217: 407–413.10.1016/j.cej.2012.11.106Search in Google Scholar

Zhao G, Lu X, Zhou Y. Aniline degradation in aqueous solution by UV-aeration and UV-microO3 processes: efficiency, contribution of radicals and byproducts. Chem Eng J 2013; 229: 436–443.10.1016/j.cej.2013.06.011Search in Google Scholar

Zoschke K, Börnick H, Worch E. Vacuum-UV radiation at 185 nm in water treatment – a review. Water Res. 2014; 52: 131–145.10.1016/j.watres.2013.12.034Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Zuorro A, Lavecchia R. Evaluation of UV/H2O2 advanced oxidation process (AOP) for the degradation of diazo dye Reactive Green 19 in aqueous solution. Desalin Water Treat 2013; 1–7.10.1080/19443994.2013.787553Search in Google Scholar

Zuorro A, Fidaleo M, Fidaleo M, Lavecchia R. Degradation and antibiotic activity reduction of chloramphenicol in aqueous solution by UV/H2O2 process. J Environ Manage 2014; 133: 302–308.10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.12.012Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Received: 2014-9-11
Accepted: 2015-1-29
Published Online: 2015-5-9
Published in Print: 2015-6-1

©2015 by De Gruyter

Downloaded on 1.3.2024 from https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/revce-2014-0039/html
Scroll to top button