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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 9, 2015

Degradation performance and cost implication of UV-integrated advanced oxidation processes for wastewater treatments

  • Archina Buthiyappan

    Archina Buthiyappan graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in Industrial Chemistry in 2008 and a Master’s degree in Forensic Science in 2010 from University Technology of Malaysia. She joined the University of Malaya, Malaysia, as a doctoral candidate in 2012. Her research focuses include application of various types of advanced oxidation processes such as Fenton, photo-Fenton, and electro-Fenton to treat real textile effluents.

    , Abdul Raman Abdul Aziz

    Abdul Raman Abdul Aziz completed his PhD in the area of three-phase mixing. Currently, he is a Professor and holds the position of Deputy Dean at the Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Malaysia. His research interests are in advanced wastewater treatment and mixing in stirred vessels. Prior to joining UM, he worked in the oil and gas and food industries from 1989 to 1993. He is also active in consultancy projects and is currently supervising many PhD candidates. He has to date published more than 100 papers in journals and conference proceedings both locally and internationally. He is also a member of professional and learned societies such as the Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE, UK) and the Institution of Engineers Malaysia (IEM).

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    and Wan Mohd Ashri Wan Daud

    Wan Mohd Ashri Bin Wan Daud is a Professor of Chemical Engineering, University of Malaya, Malaysia. He obtained his Bachelor’s degree in Chemical Engineering in 1991 from Leeds University, Leeds, UK, and his Master’s degree in Chemical Engineering in 1992 from the University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. He earned his PhD degree in Chemical Engineering in 1996 at the University of Sheffield. His research fields include fuel cell, energy, biomass conversion and the synthesis of catalyst materials, catalysis, zeolites, polymerization process, separation process (adsorption, activated carbon, and carbon molecular sieve), ordered mesoporous materials, and hydrogen storage materials. Professor Daud has published approximately 90 research papers.


Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are commonly used for treating recalcitrant wastewater with varying degree of efficiency, depending on several operating parameters. In this review, a comparative study among selected AOPs integrated with ultraviolet (UV) (UV/Fenton, UV/H2O2, UV/O3, UV/TiO2, UV/persulfate, UV/H2O2/O3, and UV/TiO2/H2O2) was conducted. The cost implication, changes in kinetics, changes in reaction rates, and effects of various parameters such as type of contaminants, pH, catalyst loading concentration of oxidants, and type of UV light are explained and concluded in this paper. From this review, it is concluded that UV-integrated AOPs are efficient for wastewater treatment. However, a few aspects must be considered including process scale-up, kinetics of combined processes, reactor configuration, modeling of a system, and optimization of operating parameters to enhance the process efficiency.

Corresponding author: Abdul Raman Abdul Aziz, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, e-mail:

About the authors

Archina Buthiyappan

Archina Buthiyappan graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in Industrial Chemistry in 2008 and a Master’s degree in Forensic Science in 2010 from University Technology of Malaysia. She joined the University of Malaya, Malaysia, as a doctoral candidate in 2012. Her research focuses include application of various types of advanced oxidation processes such as Fenton, photo-Fenton, and electro-Fenton to treat real textile effluents.

Abdul Raman Abdul Aziz

Abdul Raman Abdul Aziz completed his PhD in the area of three-phase mixing. Currently, he is a Professor and holds the position of Deputy Dean at the Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Malaysia. His research interests are in advanced wastewater treatment and mixing in stirred vessels. Prior to joining UM, he worked in the oil and gas and food industries from 1989 to 1993. He is also active in consultancy projects and is currently supervising many PhD candidates. He has to date published more than 100 papers in journals and conference proceedings both locally and internationally. He is also a member of professional and learned societies such as the Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE, UK) and the Institution of Engineers Malaysia (IEM).

Wan Mohd Ashri Wan Daud

Wan Mohd Ashri Bin Wan Daud is a Professor of Chemical Engineering, University of Malaya, Malaysia. He obtained his Bachelor’s degree in Chemical Engineering in 1991 from Leeds University, Leeds, UK, and his Master’s degree in Chemical Engineering in 1992 from the University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. He earned his PhD degree in Chemical Engineering in 1996 at the University of Sheffield. His research fields include fuel cell, energy, biomass conversion and the synthesis of catalyst materials, catalysis, zeolites, polymerization process, separation process (adsorption, activated carbon, and carbon molecular sieve), ordered mesoporous materials, and hydrogen storage materials. Professor Daud has published approximately 90 research papers.


The authors are grateful to the University of Malaya High Impact Research Grant (HIR-MOHE-D000037-16001) from the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia and University of Malaya Postgraduate Research Fund which financially supported this work.


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Received: 2014-9-11
Accepted: 2015-1-29
Published Online: 2015-5-9
Published in Print: 2015-6-1

©2015 by De Gruyter

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