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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 9, 2016

Polymeric ionic liquids (PILs) for CO2 capture

  • Mahsa Sadeghpour

    Mahsa Sadeghpour received her BSc degree and MSc degree in applied chemistry from Iran in 2009 and 2011, respectively. She joined the University of Malaya, Malaysia, as a doctoral candidate in 2013. Her research interests include separation processes, synthesis of PILs for CO2 capture, and water treatment.

    , Rozita Yusoff

    Rozita Yusoff is currently a deputy director at the University of Malaya Curriculum Development Center (UMCDC) and an associate professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Malaya. Her research interests are mainly in the area of separation processes (microwave-assisted extraction of active ingredient from herbal plant, CO2 absorption by alkanolamines, and ionic liquids) and advanced material processing using microwave heating. To date, she has published more than 50 papers in journals and conference proceedings both locally and internationally.

    and Mohamed Kheireddine Aroua

    Mohamed Kheireddine Aroua is a senior professor at the Chemical Engineering Department and a deputy dean at the Institute of Graduate Studies, University of Malaya, Malaysia. He is also head of the Center for Separation Science and Technology. His research interests include CO2 capture, membrane processes, electrochemical processes using activated carbon, biodiesel production, and conversion of bioglycerol to value-added chemicals. He has published more than 130 papers in ISI-ranked journals with more than 3000 citations. His h-index is 31.

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Abstract

The emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere is considered the main cause of global warming. CO2 is mostly viewed as the principal product associated with the combustion of fossil fuels. One of the emerging studies at the moment is the use polymeric ionic liquids (PILs) for capturing CO2 from flue gas streams. The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the various PILs for CO2 capture. PILs can be used in different processes, including absorption, membrane, and adsorption. In this paper, preparation and synthesis of PILs for various processes are discussed. The paper includes elaboration on using composite, grafted, and blended PILs to achieve a powerful and effective capture mode. The effects of different parameters such as temperature and pressure on CO2 sorption are also discussed.

About the authors

Mahsa Sadeghpour

Mahsa Sadeghpour received her BSc degree and MSc degree in applied chemistry from Iran in 2009 and 2011, respectively. She joined the University of Malaya, Malaysia, as a doctoral candidate in 2013. Her research interests include separation processes, synthesis of PILs for CO2 capture, and water treatment.

Rozita Yusoff

Rozita Yusoff is currently a deputy director at the University of Malaya Curriculum Development Center (UMCDC) and an associate professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Malaya. Her research interests are mainly in the area of separation processes (microwave-assisted extraction of active ingredient from herbal plant, CO2 absorption by alkanolamines, and ionic liquids) and advanced material processing using microwave heating. To date, she has published more than 50 papers in journals and conference proceedings both locally and internationally.

Mohamed Kheireddine Aroua

Mohamed Kheireddine Aroua is a senior professor at the Chemical Engineering Department and a deputy dean at the Institute of Graduate Studies, University of Malaya, Malaysia. He is also head of the Center for Separation Science and Technology. His research interests include CO2 capture, membrane processes, electrochemical processes using activated carbon, biodiesel production, and conversion of bioglycerol to value-added chemicals. He has published more than 130 papers in ISI-ranked journals with more than 3000 citations. His h-index is 31.

Acknowledgments

This work was conducted under the University of Malaya Centre for Separation Science and Technology (CSST) and was supported by the High Impact Research Grant (HIR) (project no. UM.C/625/1/HIR/MOHE/ENG/59) and the IPPP University of Malaya (project no. PG027-2015B).

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Received: 2015-12-1
Accepted: 2016-6-7
Published Online: 2016-8-9
Published in Print: 2017-4-1

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