Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 15, 2019

Present state of the art of and outlook on oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane: catalysts and mechanisms

Amin Alamdari, Ramin Karimzadeh and Saeed Abbasizadeh

Abstract

Oxidative dehydrogenation of alkanes is a more appropriate approach than other conventional methods of light olefin production. Recently, several researchers have focused on more economical and cleaner processes because of the high demand for olefins and environmental problems. This paper reviews a series of catalysts for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane, including transition-metal oxides, rare earth metal oxides, calcium oxide, supported alkali chlorides, molecular sieves, as well as monolithic, perovskite, and carbon catalysts. Also, a detailed literature review is presented for the comparison of effective parameters such as acid-base property, redox property, oxidant types, and oxygen species. Mechanisms proposed for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane are also presented. Recommendations for future researches are also discussed based on catalyst design, promotors, and reaction conditions.

Nomenclature

Å

Angstrom

BAS

Brønsted acid site

BEA

Beta polymorph A

BET

Brunauer-Emmett-Teller

CO2-TPD

Temperature-programmed desorption of carbon dioxide

DFT

Density functional theory

DRIFT

Diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy

EELS

Electron energy loss spectroscopy

EPR

Electron paramagnetic resonance

ESR

Electron spin resonance

EXAFS

Extended X-ray absorption fine structure

FER

Ferrierite

FTIR

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

FWHM

Full width at half-maximum

H2-TPR

Temperature-programmed reduction

HRTEM

High-resolution transmission electron microscopy

LAS

Lewis acid site

LEIS

Low-energy ion scattering

MA

Maleic anhydride

MCM-41 type

Mobil composition of matterNo. 41

MFI

Framework type ZSM-5

MOR

Mordenite

MTO

Methanol-to-olefins

NH3-TPD

Temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia

OCM

Oxidative coupling of methane

ODHE

Oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane

O2-TPD

Temperature-programmed desorption of oxygen

O2-TPD-MS

Temperature-programmed desorption of oxygen method combined with mass spectrometry

RWGS

Reverse water-gas shift

S

Selectivity

SAPO

Silico-alumino phosphates

SBA

Mesoporous silica material

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

SZ

Sulfated zirconia

TBA

Tetrabutyl ammonium

TCM

Tetra chloromethane

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

TGA-DTA

Thermogravimetric analysis-differential thermal analysis

TOF

Turnover frequency

TPIE

Temperature-programmed isotope exchange

TPSR

Temperature-programmed surface reaction

UV-DRS

UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy

V-HMS

Vanadium-containing hexagonal mesoporous silica

WGSR

water-gas shift reaction

X

Conversion

XANES

X-ray absorption near edge structure

XFS

X-ray fluorescent spectroscopy

XPS

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

XRD

X-ray diffraction

YSZ

Yttria-stabilized zirconia

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Supplementary Material

The online version of this article offers supplementary material (https://doi.org/10.1515/revce-2017-0109).

Received: 2017-12-02
Accepted: 2019-04-30
Published Online: 2019-08-15
Published in Print: 2021-05-26

©2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston