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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 28, 2020

Chelating polymers with valuable sorption potential for development of precious metal recycling technologies

Lavinia Tofan

Lavinia Tofan, is Associate Professor in the Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iasi (TUIASI), Romania. She obtained her chemical engineering degree from TUIASI (1984) and her Ph.D. in analytical chemistry from TUIASI (1998). Prof. Tofan’s research and teaching experience is in the field of analytical chemistry, environmental analytical chemistry, separation and concentration of elements by sorption and biosorption, and adaptation and development of analytical methods for the determination of elements in low concentrations. Prof. Tofan has published more than 80 scientific papers in international peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings, and has been involved as director/researcher in 30 national grants.

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and Rodica Wenkert

Rodica Wenkert, is head of the laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Soroka University Medical Center Beer-Sheva, Israel. She obtained her chemistry degree from “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iasi (TUIASI), Romania (1984), and her PhD in analytical chemistry from TUIASI (2007). Dr. Wenkert’s research experience is in the field of separation and concentration of elements by sorption. She has published more than 35 scientific papers in international peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings. She was a scientific committee member of several international conferences.

Abstract

A special attention is currently focused on the recovery of Au, Ag, Pt, Pd and Rh from both primary and secondary sources. From the wide range of sorbents that have been used in this respect, the required selectivity is proved only by the chelating polymers containing donor N, O and S atoms in their functional groups. This work presents the recent published researches on this topic, pointing out the capabilities of chelating sorbents based on organic synthetic polymers for a sustainable development. The chelating sorbents are differentiated and reviewed according to their synthesis strategy and compatibility with synthetic and real matrices. First, an overview on the novel functionalized polymers and impregnated resins with good selectivity for the recovery of most valuable precious metals from synthetic leach solutions is given. Subsequently, the performances of these materials in the selective and preconcentrative recovery of Au, Ag, Pt, Pd and Rh from simulated and real leachates are discussed. The viability of an integrated approach for the determination of precious metals from simulated solutions by solid phase spectrometry is highlighted. The transposition of chelating polymers’ potential in challenging technologies for precious metal recovery-reuse-recycling needs further research on directions that are proposed.


Corresponding author: Lavinia Tofan, Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, “Cristofor Simionescu” Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Protection, “Gh. Asachi” Technical University of Iasi, 73, Prof. Dr. D. Mangeron Street, 700050, Iasi, Romania, E-mail:

About the authors

Lavinia Tofan

Lavinia Tofan, is Associate Professor in the Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iasi (TUIASI), Romania. She obtained her chemical engineering degree from TUIASI (1984) and her Ph.D. in analytical chemistry from TUIASI (1998). Prof. Tofan’s research and teaching experience is in the field of analytical chemistry, environmental analytical chemistry, separation and concentration of elements by sorption and biosorption, and adaptation and development of analytical methods for the determination of elements in low concentrations. Prof. Tofan has published more than 80 scientific papers in international peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings, and has been involved as director/researcher in 30 national grants.

Rodica Wenkert

Rodica Wenkert, is head of the laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Soroka University Medical Center Beer-Sheva, Israel. She obtained her chemistry degree from “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iasi (TUIASI), Romania (1984), and her PhD in analytical chemistry from TUIASI (2007). Dr. Wenkert’s research experience is in the field of separation and concentration of elements by sorption. She has published more than 35 scientific papers in international peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings. She was a scientific committee member of several international conferences.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Competing interests: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.

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Received: 2019-11-11
Accepted: 2020-05-14
Published Online: 2020-07-28
Published in Print: 2022-02-23

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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