Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published online by De Gruyter January 4, 2021

Electrospun-based TiO2 nanofibers for organic pollutant photodegradation: a comprehensive review

Khee Chung Hui, Hazwani Suhaimi and Nonni Soraya Sambudi ORCID logo


Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is commonly used as a photocatalyst in the removal of organic pollutants. However, weaknesses of TiO2 such as fast charge recombination and low visible light usage limit its industrial application. Furthermore, photocatalysts that are lost during the treatment of pollutants create the problem of secondary pollutants. Electrospun-based TiO2 fiber is a promising alternative to immobilize TiO2 and to improve its performance in photodegradation. Some strategies have been employed in fabricating the photocatalytic fibers by producing hollow fibers, porous fibers, composite TiO2 with magnetic materials, graphene oxide, as well as doping TiO2 with metal. The modification of TiO2 can improve the absorption of TiO2 to the visible light area, act as an electron acceptor, provide large surface area, and promote the phase transformation of TiO2. The improvement of TiO2 properties can enhance carrier transfer rate which reduces the recombination and promotes the generation of radicals that potentially degrade organic pollutants. The recyclability of fibers, calcination effect, photocatalytic reactors used, operation parameters involved in photodegradation as well as the commercialization potential of TiO2 fibers are also discussed in this review.

Corresponding author: Nonni Soraya Sambudi, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar, Perak32610, Malaysia; and Center for Urban Resource Sustainability (CUReS), Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar, Perak32610, Malaysia, E-mail:

Funding source: YUTP

Award Identifier / Grant number: 015LC0-025

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: The authors acknowledge financial support from YUTP Research Grant 015LC0-025 (August 15, 2018 – August 14, 2021).

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.


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Supplementary Material

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Received: 2020-04-22
Accepted: 2020-11-16
Published Online: 2021-01-04

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