Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 26, 2021

Critical review on microfibrous composites for applications in chemical engineering

Yi Yang ORCID logo EMAIL logo , Huiqi Zhu , Lulu Bao and Xuhui Xu

Abstract

Microfibrous composites (MCs) are novel materials with unique structures and excellent functional properties, showing great potential in industrial applications. The investigation of the physicochemical properties of MCs is significant for accommodating the rapid development of high-efficiency chemical engineering industries. In this review, the characteristics, synthesis and applications of different types of previously reported MCs are discussed according to the constituent fibres, including polymers, metals and nonmetals. Among the different types of MCs, polymer MCs have a facile synthesis process and adjustable fibre composition, making them suitable for many complex situations. The high thermal and electrical conductivity of metal MCs enables their application in strong exothermic, endothermic and electrochemical reactions. Nonmetallic MCs are usually stable and corrosion resistant when reducing and oxidizing environments. The disadvantages of MCs, such as complicated synthesis processes compared to those of particles or powders, high cost, insufficient thorough study, and unsatisfactory regeneration effects, are also summarized. As a result, a more systematic investigation of MCs remains necessary. Despite the advantages and great application potential of microfibrous composites, much effort remains necessary to advance them to the industrial level in the chemical engineering industry.


Corresponding author: Yi Yang, College of Education for the Future, Beijing Normal University, Zhuhai 519087, P. R. China, E-mail:

Funding source: Beijing Normal University 10.13039/501100002726

Award Identifier / Grant number: 111032105

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: YY gratefully acknowledges Beijing Normal University for financial support.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.

References

Abbasi, A., Ghanbari, D., Salavati-Niasari, M., and Hamadanian, M. (2016). Photo-degradation of methylene blue: photocatalyst and magnetic investigation of Fe2O3–TiO2 nanoparticles and nanocomposites. J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27: 4800–4809, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-016-4361-4.Search in Google Scholar

Ali, F., Khan, S.B., and Asiri, A.M. (2018). Enhanced H2 generation from NaBH4 hydrolysis and methanolysis by cellulose micro-fibrous cottons as metal templated catalyst. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 43: 6539–6550, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.02.008.Search in Google Scholar

Amiri, M., Salavati-Niasari, M., and Akbari, A. (2019). Magnetic nanocarriers: evolution of spinel ferrites for medical applications. Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 265: 29–44, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cis.2019.01.003.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Aznar-Cervantes, S., Roca, M.I., Martinez, J.G., Meseguer-Olmo, L., Cenis, J.L., Moraleda, J.M., and Otero, T.F. (2012). Fabrication of conductive electrospun silk fibroin scaffolds by coating with polypyrrole for biomedical applications. Bioelectrochemistry 85: 36–43, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2011.11.008.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Barakat, N.A.M., Khalil, K.A., Mahmoud, I.H., Kanjwal, M.A., Sheikh, F.A., and Kim, H.Y. (2010). CoNi bimetallic nanofibers by electrospinning: nickel-based soft magnetic material with improved magnetic properties. J. Phys. Chem. C 114: 15589–15593, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp1041074.Search in Google Scholar

Cahela, D.R. and Tatarchuk, B.J. (2014). Improvement of commercial gas mask canisters using adsorbents enhanced by sintered microfibrous networks. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 53: 6509–6520, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie404222d.Search in Google Scholar

Canamares, M.V., Garcia-Ramos, J.V., Gomez-Varga, J.D., Domingo, C., and Sanchez-Cortes, S. (2005). Comparative study of the morphology, aggregation, adherence to glass, and surface-enhanced Raman scattering activity of silver nanoparticles prepared by chemical reduction of Ag+ using citrate and hydroxylamine. Langmuir 21: 8546–8553, https://doi.org/10.1021/la050030l.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Chang, B., Lu, Y., and Tatarchuk, B.J. (2006). Microfibrous entrapment of small catalyst or sorbent particulates for high contacting-efficiency removal of trace contaminants including CO and H2S from practical reformates for PEM H2–O2 fuel cells. Chem. Eng. J. 115: 195–202, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2005.10.003.Search in Google Scholar

Chen, W., Sheng, W., Zhao, G., Cao, F., Xue, Q., Chen, L., and Lu, Y. (2012a). Microfibrous entrapment of Ni/Al2O3 for dry reforming of methane: a demonstration on enhancement of carbon resistance and conversion. RSC Adv. 2: 3651–3653, https://doi.org/10.1039/c2ra20089a.Search in Google Scholar

Chen, W., Sheng, W., Cao, F., and Lu, Y. (2012b). Microfibrous entrapment of Ni/Al2O3 for dry reforming of methane: heat/mass transfer enhancement towards carbon resistance and conversion promotion. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 37: 18021–18030, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.09.080.Search in Google Scholar

Chen, H., Yan, Y., Shao, Y., and Zhang, H. (2014). Catalytic activity and stability of porous Co–Cu–Mn mixed oxide modified microfibrous-structured ZSM-5 membrane/PSSF catalyst for VOCs oxidation. RSC Adv. 4: 55202–55209, https://doi.org/10.1039/c4ra08769k.Search in Google Scholar

Cherifi, Z., Boukoussa, B., Mokhtar, A., Hachemaoui, M., Zeggai, F.Z., Zaoui, A., Bachari, K., and Meghabar, R. (2020). Preparation of new nanocomposite poly(GDMA)/mesoporous silica and its adsorption behavior towards cationic dye. React. Funct. Polym. 153: 104611, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2020.104611.Search in Google Scholar

Deng, M., Zhao, G., Xue, Q., Chen, L., and Lu, Y. (2010). Microfibrous-structured silver catalyst for low-temperature gas-phase selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol. Appl. Catal. B Environ. 99: 222–228, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.06.023.Search in Google Scholar

Deng, T., Li, Y., Zhao, G., Zhang, Z., Liu, Y., and Lu, Y. (2016). Catalytic distillation for ethyl acetate synthesis using microfibrous-structured Nafion–SiO2/SS-fiber solid acid packings. React. Chem. Eng. 1: 409–417, https://doi.org/10.1039/c6re00088f.Search in Google Scholar

Derdar, H., Mitchell, G.R., Mahendra, V.S., Benachour, M., Haoue, S., Cherifi, Z., Bachari, K., Harrane, A., and Meghabar, R. (2020a). Green nanocomposites from Rosin-Limonene copolymer and Algerian clay. Polymers 12: 1971, https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12091971.Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

Derdar, H., Mitchell, G.R., Zakaria, C., Belbachir, M., and Amine, H. (2020b). Ultrasound assisted synthesis of polylimonene and organomodified-clay nanocomposites: a structural, morphological and thermal properties. Bull. Chem. React. Eng. Catal. 15: 798–807, https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.15.3.9185.798-807.Search in Google Scholar

Ding, J., Chen, P., Zhu, J., Zhao, G., Liu, Y., and Lu, Y. (2017). Synthesis of microfibrous-structured SS-fiber@beta composite by a seed-assisted dry-gel conversion method. Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 250: 1–8, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2017.05.015.Search in Google Scholar

Do, D.D. (1998). Adsorption analysis: equilibria and kinetics. Imperial College Press, London.10.1142/p111Search in Google Scholar

Duggirala, R.K., Roy, C.J., Saeidi, S.M., Khodadadi, J.M., Cahela, D.R., and Tatarchuk, B.J. (2008). Pressure drop predictions in microfibrous materials using computational fluid dynamics. J. Fluid Eng. 130: 071302, https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2948363.Search in Google Scholar

Fang, Y., Jiang, F., Liu, H., Wu, X., and Lu, Y. (2012). Free-standing Ni-microfiber-supported carbon nanotube aerogel hybrid electrodes in 3D for high-performance supercapacitors. RSC Adv. 2: 6562–6569, https://doi.org/10.1039/c2ra20271a.Search in Google Scholar

Ganley, J.C., Seebauer, E.G., and Masel, R.I. (2004). Porous anodic alumina microreactors for production of hydrogen from ammonia. AIChE J. 50: 829–834, https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.10078.Search in Google Scholar

Gao, S., Zhang, Z., Liu, K., and Dong, B. (2016). Direct evidence of plasmonic enhancement on catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol over silver nanoparticles supported on flexible fibrous networks. Appl. Catal. B Environ. 188: 245–252, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2016.01.074.Search in Google Scholar

Ge, J., Si, Y., Fu, F., Wang, J., Yang, J., Cui, L., Ding, B., Yu, J., and Sun, G. (2013). Amphiphobic fluorinated polyurethane composite microfibrous membranes with robust waterproof and breathable performances. RSC Adv. 3: 2248–2255, https://doi.org/10.1039/c2ra22111j.Search in Google Scholar

Ghanbari, D. and Salavati-Niasari, M. (2015). Synthesis of urchin-like CdS-Fe3O4 nanocomposite and its application in flame retardancy of magnetic cellulose acetate. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 24: 284–292, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2014.09.043.Search in Google Scholar

Gopal, R., Kaur, S., Ma, Z., Chan, C., Ramakrishna, S., and Matsuura, T. (2006). Electrospun nanofibrous filtration membrane. J. Membr. Sci. 281: 581–586, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2006.04.026.Search in Google Scholar

Gu, Q., Henderson, R.T., and Tatarchuk, B.J. (2015). A CFD pressure drop model for microfibrous entrapped catalyst filters using micro-scale imaging. Eng. Appl. Comput. Fluid Mech. 9: 567–576, https://doi.org/10.1080/19942060.2015.1094415.Search in Google Scholar

Han, L., Wang, C., Zhao, G., Liu, Y., and Lu, Y. (2016a). Microstructured Al‐fiber@meso‐Al2O3@ Fe–Mn–K Fischer–Tropsch catalyst for lower olefins. AIChE J. 62: 742–752, https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.15061.Search in Google Scholar

Han, L., Wang, C., Ding, J., Zhao, G., Liu, Y., and Lu, Y. (2016b). Microfibrous-structured Al-fiber@ ns-Al2O3 core–shell composite functionalized by Fe–Mn–K via surface impregnation combustion: as-burnt catalysts for synthesis of light olefins from syngas. RSC Adv. 6: 9743–9752, https://doi.org/10.1039/c5ra25212a.Search in Google Scholar

Harris, D.K., Cahela, D.R., and Tatarchuk, B.J. (2001). Wet layup and sintering of metal-containing microfibrous composites for chemical processing opportunities. Compos. Appl. Sci. Manuf. 32: 1117–1126, https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-835x(01)00059-8.Search in Google Scholar

Holladay, J.D., Wang, Y., and Jones, E. (2004). Review of developments in portable hydrogen production using microreactor technology. Chem. Rev. 104: 4767–4790, https://doi.org/10.1021/cr020721b.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Hu, H., Xin, J.H., Hu, H., Wang, X., Miao, D., and Liu, Y. (2015). Synthesis and stabilization of metal nanocatalysts for reduction reactions–a review. J. Mater. Chem. 3: 11157–11182, https://doi.org/10.1039/c5ta00753d.Search in Google Scholar

Jin, L., Han, Z., Platisa, J., Wooltorton, J.R.A., Cohen, L.B., and Pieribone, V.A. (2012). Single action potentials and subthreshold electrical events imaged in neurons with a fluorescent protein voltage probe. Neuron 75: 779–785, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2012.06.040.Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

Kalakonda, P., Aldhahri, M.A., Abdel-Wahab, M.S., Tamayol, A., Moghaddam, K.M., Rached, F.B., Pain, A., Khademhosseini, A., Memic, A., and Chaieb, S. (2017). Microfibrous silver-coated polymeric scaffolds with tunable mechanical properties. RSC Adv. 7: 34331–34338, https://doi.org/10.1039/c6ra25151j.Search in Google Scholar

Kalluri, R.R., Cahela, D.R., and Tatarchuk, B.J. (2008). Microfibrous entrapped small particle adsorbents for high efficiency heterogeneous contacting. Separ. Purif. Technol. 62: 304–316, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2008.01.021.Search in Google Scholar

Kaur, M., Ishii, S., Shinde, S.L., and Nagao, T. (2017). All-ceramic microfibrous solar steam generator: TiN plasmonic nanoparticle-loaded transparent microfibers. ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 5: 8523–8528, https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02089.Search in Google Scholar

Koh, K.Y., Wang, C., and Chen, J.P. (2019). A new adsorbent of gadolinium-1,4-benzenedicarboxylate composite for better phosphorous removal in aqueous solutions. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 543: 343–351, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2019.02.012.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Koh, K.Y., Zhang, S., and Paul Chen, J. (2020). Hydrothermally synthesized lanthanum carbonate nanorod for adsorption of phosphorus: material synthesis and optimization, and demonstration of excellent performance. Chem. Eng. J. 380: 122153, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2019.122153.Search in Google Scholar

Lange, J., Vestering, J.Z., and Haan, R.J. (2007). Towards ‘bio-based’ nylon: conversion of γ-valerolactone to methyl pentenoate under catalytic distillation conditions. Chem. Commun. 3488–3490, https://doi.org/10.1039/b705782b.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Lee, D.T., Zhao, J., Oldham, C.J., Peterson, G.W., and Parsons, G.N. (2017). UiO–66–NH2 metal–organic framework (MOF) nucleation on TiO2, ZnO, and Al2O3 atomic layer deposition-treated polymer fibers: role of metal oxide on MOF growth and catalytic hydrolysis of chemical warfare agent simulants. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9: 44847–44855, https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b15397.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Lee, J. and Kim, Y. (2014). Hydroxyapatite nanofibers fabricated through electrospinning and sol–gel process. Ceram. Int. 40: 3361–3369, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2013.09.096.Search in Google Scholar

Li, X., Li, M., Ma, Y., and Yan, Q. (2013). The influence of nitrogen on an expander in a carbon dioxide transcritical heat pump. Appl. Therm. Eng. 59: 182–188, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2013.05.037.Search in Google Scholar

Li, X.Q., Liu, W.W., Liu, S.P., Li, M.J., Li, Y.G., and Ge, M.Q. (2014). In situ polymerization of aniline in electrospun microfibers. Chin. Chem. Lett. 25: 83–86, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cclet.2013.10.003.Search in Google Scholar

Li, X., Teng, K., Shi, J., Wang, W., Xu, Z., Deng, H., Lv, H., and Li, F. (2016). Electrospun preparation of polylactic acid nanoporous fiber membranes via thermal-nonsolvent induced phase separation. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 60: 636–642, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2015.11.012.Search in Google Scholar

Li, Y., Wang, Y., Zhang, X., and Mi, Z. (2008). Thermodynamic analysis of autothermal steam and CO2 reforming of methane. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 33: 2507–2514, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.02.051.Search in Google Scholar

Limjuco, L.A., Nisola, G.M., Parohinog, K.J., Valdehuesa, K.N.G., Lee, S., Kim, H., and Chung, W. (2019). Water-insoluble hydrophilic polysulfides as microfibrous composites towards highly effective and practical Hg2+ capture. Chem. Eng. J. 378: 122216, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2019.122216.Search in Google Scholar

Liu, F., Zhang, H., Yan, Y., and Huang, H. (2020). Graphene as efficient and robust catalysts for catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of phenol in a continuous fixed-bed reactor. Sci. Total Environ. 701: 134772, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134772.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Liu, J., Yan, Y., and Zhang, H. (2011). Adsorption dynamics of toluene in composite bed with microfibrous entrapped activated carbon. Chem. Eng. J. 173: 456–462, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2011.08.004.Search in Google Scholar

Liu, J., Yin, Q., Zhang, H., Yan, Y., and Yi, Z. (2019). Continuous removal of Cr(VI) and Orange II over a novel Fe0-NaA zeolite membrane catalyst. Separ. Purif. Technol. 209: 734–740, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2018.07.030.Search in Google Scholar

Liu, Q., Chen, Z., Pei, X., Guo, C., Teng, K., Hu, Y., Xu, Z., and Qian, X. (2020). Review: applications, effects and the prospects for electrospun nanofibrous mats in membrane separation. J. Mater. Sci. 55: 893–924, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-019-04012-7.Search in Google Scholar

Liu, Y., Wang, H., Li, J., Lu, Y., Xue, Q., and Chen, J. (2007). Microfibrous entrapped Ni/Al2O3 using SS‐316 fibers for H2 production from NH3. AIChE J. 53: 1845–1849, https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.11208.Search in Google Scholar

Lloyd, L., Ridler, D.E., and Twigg, M.V. (1989). Catalyst handbook. MV Twigg, United Kingdom.Search in Google Scholar

Lu, Y., Wang, H., Liu, Y., Xue, Q., Chen, L., and He, M. (2007). Novel microfibrous composite bed reactor: high efficiency H2 production from NH3 with potential for portable fuel cell power supplies. Lab Chip 7: 133–140, https://doi.org/10.1039/b608555e.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Lu, Y., Xue, Q., Tang, Y., Chen, J., Wang, H., and He, M. (2006). Microfibrous entrapped particulates using high corrosion resistance glass fibers. Mater. Lett. 60: 2349–2351, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2006.01.003.Search in Google Scholar

Ma, H., Burger, C., Hsiao, B.S., and Chu, B. (2011). Ultra-fine cellulose nanofibers: new nano-scale materials for water purification. J. Mater. Chem. 21: 7507–7510, https://doi.org/10.1039/c0jm04308g.Search in Google Scholar

Ma, Z., Li, X., Zhou, C., Deng, L., and Fan, G. (2017). TiO2/BiVO4, a heterojuncted microfiber with enhanced photocatalytic performance for methylene blue under visible light irradiation. Chin. J. Chem. Phys. 30: 153, https://doi.org/10.1063/1674-0068/30/cjcp1609175.Search in Google Scholar

Mao, J., Deng, M., Xue, Q., Chen, L., and Lu, Y. (2009). Thin-sheet Ag/Ni-fiber catalyst for gas-phase selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol with molecular oxygen. Catal. Commun. 10: 1376–1379, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2009.03.006.Search in Google Scholar

Masjedi-Arani, M. and Salavati-Niasari, M. (2016). A simple sonochemical approach for synthesis and characterization of Zn2SiO4 nanostructures. Ultrason. Sonochem. 29: 226–235, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2015.09.020.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Masoumi, N., Larson, B.L., Annabi, N., Kharaziha, M., Zamanian, B., Shapero, K.S., Cubberley, A.T., Camci Unal, G., Manning, K.B., and Mayer, J.E.Jr. (2014). Electrospun PGS: PCL microfibers align human valvular interstitial cells and provide tunable scaffold anisotropy. Adv. Healthc. Mater. 3: 929–939, https://doi.org/10.1002/adhm.201300505.Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

Matei Ghimbeu, C., Egunov, A.I., Ryzhikov, A.S., and Luchnikov, V.A. (2015). Carbon–iron microfibrous material produced by thermal treatment of self-rolled poly(4-vinyl pyridine) films loaded by Fe2O3 particles. J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 31: 881–887, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmst.2015.07.003.Search in Google Scholar

Meng, Z., He, J., Xia, Z., and Li, D. (2020). Fabrication of microfibrous PCL/MWCNTs scaffolds via melt-based electrohydrodynamic printing. Mater. Lett. 278: 128440, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2020.128440.Search in Google Scholar

Merritt, A., Rajagopalan, R., and Foley, H.C. (2007). High performance nanoporous carbon membranes for air separation. Carbon 45: 1267–1278, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2007.01.022.Search in Google Scholar

Molnar, A. (2008). Nafion-silica nanocomposites: a new generation of water-tolerant solid acids of high efficiency. Curr. Org. Chem. 12: 159–181, https://doi.org/10.2174/138527208783330028.Search in Google Scholar

Mori, K., Kumami, A., Tomonari, M., and Yamashita, H. (2009). A pH-induced size controlled deposition of colloidal Ag nanoparticles on alumina support for catalytic application. J. Phys. Chem. C 113: 16850–16854, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp907277g.Search in Google Scholar

Mortazavi-Derazkola, S., Salavati-Niasari, M., Amiri, O., and Abbasi, A. (2017). Fabrication and characterization of Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2@Ho nanostructures as a novel and highly efficient photocatalyst for degradation of organic pollution. J. Energy Chem. 26: 17–23, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jechem.2016.10.015.Search in Google Scholar

Nabti, Z., Bordjiba, T., Poorahong, S., Boudjemaa, A., Benayahoum, A., Siaj, M., and Bachari, K. (2018). Free-standing and binder-free electrochemical capacitor electrode based on hierarchical microfibrous carbon–graphene–Mn3O4 nanocomposites materials. J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 29: 14813–14826, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-018-9618-7.Search in Google Scholar

Nickell, R.A. and Tatarchuk, B.J. (2005). High surface area, supported precious metal cathodes utilizing metal microfibrous collectors for application in chlor-alkali cells. J. Appl. Electrochem. 35: 581–587, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10800-005-1822-5.Search in Google Scholar

Pant, H.R., Baek, W., Nam, K., Jeong, I., Barakat, N.A.M., and Kim, H.Y. (2011). Effect of lactic acid on polymer crystallization chain conformation and fiber morphology in an electrospun nylon-6 mat. Polymer 52: 4851–4856, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2011.08.059.Search in Google Scholar

Peng, J., Zhang, H., and Yan, Y. (2019). Preparation and characterization of a novel ZIF-8 membrane over high voidage paper-like stainless steel fibers. J. Solid State Chem. 269: 203–211, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssc.2018.09.031.Search in Google Scholar

Salavati-Niasari, M., Farzaneh, F., and Ghandi, M. (2002). Oxidation of cyclohexene with tert-butylhydroperoxide and hydrogen peroxide catalyzed by alumina-supported manganese(II) complexes. J. Mol. Catal. Chem. 186: 101–107, https://doi.org/10.1016/s1381-1169(02)00045-6.Search in Google Scholar

Salavati-Niasari, M., Fereshteh, Z., and Davar, F. (2009). Synthesis of oleylamine capped copper nanocrystals via thermal reduction of a new precursor. Polyhedron 28: 126–130, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.poly.2008.09.027.Search in Google Scholar

Sant, S., Hwang, C.M., Lee, S.H., and Khademhosseini, A. (2011). Hybrid PGS–PCL microfibrous scaffolds with improved mechanical and biological properties. J. Tissue Eng. Regen. Med. 5: 283–291, https://doi.org/10.1002/term.313.Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

Sathitsuksanoh, N., Yang, H., Cahela, D.R., and Tatarchuk, B.J. (2007). Immobilization of CO2 by aqueous K2CO3 using microfibrous media entrapped small particulates for battery and fuel cell applications. J. Power Sources 173: 478–486, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.04.047.Search in Google Scholar

Shao, Y., Zhang, H., and Yan, Y. (2013). Adsorption dynamics of p-nitrophenol in structured fixed bed with microfibrous entrapped activated carbon. Chem. Eng. J. 225: 481–488, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.03.133.Search in Google Scholar

Shen, J., Shan, W., Zhang, Y., Du, J., Xu, H., Fan, K., Shen, W., and Tang, Y. (2006). Gas-phase selective oxidation of alcohols: in situ electrolytic nano-silver/zeolite film/copper grid catalyst. J. Catal. 237: 94–101, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2005.10.027.Search in Google Scholar

Sheng, M., Yang, H., Cahela, D.R., and Tatarchuk, B.J. (2011). Novel catalyst structures with enhanced heat transfer characteristics. J. Catal. 281: 254–262, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2011.05.006.Search in Google Scholar

Shi, J., Kang, H., Li, N., Teng, K., Sun, W., Xu, Z., Qian, X., and Liu, Q. (2019). Chitosan sub-layer binding and bridging for nanofiber-based composite forward osmosis membrane. Appl. Surf. Sci. 478: 38–48, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.01.148.Search in Google Scholar

Shuiping, L., Lianjiang, T., Weili, H., Xiaoqiang, L., and Yanmo, C. (2010). Cellulose acetate nanofibers with photochromic property: fabrication and characterization. Mater. Lett. 64: 2427–2430, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2010.08.018.Search in Google Scholar

Sundback, C.A., Shyu, J.Y., Wang, Y., Faquin, W.C., Langer, R.S., Vacanti, J.P., and Hadlock, T.A. (2005). Biocompatibility analysis of poly (glycerol sebacate) as a nerve guide material. Biomaterials 26: 5454–5464, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2005.02.004.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Tang, Y., Chen, L., Wang, M., Li, J., and Lu, Y. (2010). Microfibrous entrapped ZnO–CaO/Al2O3 for high efficiency hydrogen production via methanol steam reforming. Particuology 8: 225–230, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.partic.2010.03.010.Search in Google Scholar

Tang, Z., Qiu, C., Mccutcheon, J.R., Yoon, K., Ma, H., Fang, D., Lee, E., Kopp, C., Hsiao, B.S., and Chu, B. (2009). Design and fabrication of electrospun polyethersulfone nanofibrous scaffold for high-flux nanofiltration membranes. J. Polym. Sci. B Polym. Phys. 47: 2288–2300, https://doi.org/10.1002/polb.21831.Search in Google Scholar

Tavakoli, F., Salavati-Niasari, M., Badiei, A., and Mohandes, F. (2015). Green synthesis and characterization of graphene nanosheets. Mater. Res. Bull. 63: 51–57, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2014.11.045.Search in Google Scholar

Vural, M., Behrens, A.M., Hwang, W., Ayoub, J.J., Chasser, D., Cresce, A.V.W., Ayyub, O.B., Briber, R.M., and Kofinas, P. (2018). Spray-processed composites with high conductivity and elasticity. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10: 13953–13962, https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b00068.Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

Wahid, S., Cahela, D.R., and Tatarchuk, B.J. (2013). Experimental, theoretical, and computational comparison of pressure drops occurring in pleated catalyst structure. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 52: 14472–14482, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie4016864.Search in Google Scholar

Wang, C., Ding, J., Zhao, G., Deng, T., Liu, Y., and Lu, Y. (2017). Microfibrous-structured Pd/AlOOH/Al-fiber for CO coupling to dimethyl oxalate: effect of morphology of AlOOH nanosheet endogenously grown on Al-fiber. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9: 9795–9804, https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b00889.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Wang, C., Han, L., Zhang, Q., Li, Y., Zhao, G., Liu, Y., and Lu, Y. (2015). Endogenous growth of 2D AlOOH nanosheets on a 3D Al-fiber network via steam-only oxidation in application for forming structured catalysts. Green Chem. 17: 3762–3765, https://doi.org/10.1039/c5gc00530b.Search in Google Scholar

Wang, L., Xu, Y., Lin, Z., Zhao, N., and Xu, Y. (2011). Electrospinning fabrication and oxygen sensing properties of Cu (I) complex–polystyrene composite microfibrous membranes. J. Lumin. 131: 1277–1282, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2011.03.017.Search in Google Scholar

Wang, N., Wang, X., Ding, B., Yu, J., and Sun, G. (2012a). Tunable fabrication of three-dimensional polyamide-66 nano-fiber/nets for high efficiency fine particulate filtration. J. Mater. Chem. 22: 1445–1452, https://doi.org/10.1039/c1jm14299b.Search in Google Scholar

Wang, R., Liu, Y., Li, B., Hsiao, B.S., and Chu, B. (2012b). Electrospun nanofibrous membranes for high flux microfiltration. J. Membr. Sci. 392–393: 167–174, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2011.12.019.Search in Google Scholar

Wang, Q., Peng, L., Du, Y., Xu, J., Cai, Y., Feng, Q., Huang, F., and Wei, Q. (2013). Fabrication of hydrophilic nanoporous PMMA/O-MMT composite microfibrous membrane and its use in enzyme immobilization. J. Porous Mater. 20: 457–464, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10934-012-9615-9.Search in Google Scholar

Wang, X.F., Chen, X.M., Yoon, K., Fang, D.F., Hsiao, B.S., and Chu, B. (2005). High flux filtration medium based on nanofibrous substrate with hydrophilic nanocomposite coating. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39: 7684–7691, https://doi.org/10.1021/es050512j.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Wang, X., Wen, M., Wang, C., Ding, J., Sun, Y., Liu, Y., and Lu, Y. (2014). Microstructured fiber@ HZSM-5 core–shell catalysts with dramatic selectivity and stability improvement for the methanol-to-propylene process. Chem. Commun. 50: 6343–6345, https://doi.org/10.1039/c3cc49567a.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Wei, N., Zheng, X., Li, Q., Gong, C., Ou, H., and Li, Z. (2020). Construction of lanthanum modified MOFs graphene oxide composite membrane for high selective phosphorus recovery and water purification. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 565: 337–344, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2020.01.031.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Wen, M., Ding, J., Wang, C., Li, Y., Zhao, G., Liu, Y., and Lu, Y. (2016). High-performance SS-fiber@ HZSM-5 core–shell catalyst for methanol-to-propylene: a kinetic and modeling study. Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 221: 187–196, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2015.09.039.Search in Google Scholar

Wu, Y., Zhang, X., Liu, S., Zhang, B., Lu, Y., and Wang, T. (2016). Preparation and applications of microfiltration carbon membranes for the purification of oily wastewater. Separ. Sci. Technol. 51: 1872–1880, https://doi.org/10.1080/01496395.2016.1187169.Search in Google Scholar

Wu, Y., Zhang, H., and Yan, Y. (2020). High efficiency of phenol oxidation in a structured fixed bed over Cu-ZSM-5/PSSF prepared by ion-exchanged method. Chem. Eng. J. 380: 122466, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2019.122466.Search in Google Scholar

Xu, Z., Li, X., Teng, K., Zhou, B., Ma, M., Shan, M., Jiao, K., Qian, X., and Fan, J. (2017). High flux and rejection of hierarchical composite membranes based on carbon nanotube network and ultrathin electrospun nanofibrous layer for dye removal. J. Membr. Sci. 535: 94–102, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2017.04.029.Search in Google Scholar

Yan, Y., Huang, P., and Zhang, H. (2019). Preparation and characterization of novel carbon molecular sieve membrane/PSSF composite by pyrolysis method for toluene adsorption. Front. Chem. Sci. Eng. 13: 772–783, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-019-1827-y.Search in Google Scholar

Yan, Y., Wang, L., and Zhang, H. (2014). Catalytic combustion of volatile organic compounds over Co/ZSM-5 coated on stainless steel fibers. Chem. Eng. J. 255: 195–204, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.05.141.Search in Google Scholar

Yang, H., Lu, Y., and Tatarchuk, B.J. (2007). Glass fiber entrapped sorbent for reformates desulfurization for logistic PEM fuel cell power systems. J. Power Sources 174: 302–311, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.08.031.Search in Google Scholar

Yang, Y., Zhang, H., and Yan, Y. (2018a). Catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of m‐cresol over novel Fe2O3 loaded microfibrous entrapped CNT composite catalyst in a fixed‐bed reactor. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 93: 2552–2563, https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.5609.Search in Google Scholar

Yang, Y., Zhang, H., and Yan, Y. (2018b). Synthesis of carbon nanotube on stainless steel microfibrous composite—comparison of direct and indirect growth and its application in fixed bed m-cresol adsorption. Chem. Eng. Res. Des. 139: 162–173, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2018.09.027.Search in Google Scholar

Yang, Y., Zhang, H., and Yan, Y. (2019a). Preparation of novel iron-loaded microfibers entrapped carbon-nanotube composites for catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of m-cresol in a fixed bed reactor. Separ. Purif. Technol. 212: 405–415, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2018.11.050.Search in Google Scholar

Yang, Y., Zhang, H., and Yan, Y. (2019b). Synthesis of CNTs on stainless steel microfibrous composite by CVD: effect of synthesis condition on carbon nanotube growth and structure. Compos. B Eng. 160: 369–383, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.12.100.Search in Google Scholar

Yang, Y., Koh, K.Y., Li, R., Zhang, H., Yan, Y., and Chen, J.P. (2019c). An innovative lanthanum carbonate grafted microfibrous composite for phosphate adsorption in wastewater. J. Hazard Mater. 392: 121952, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121952.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Yang, Y., Zhang, H., Huang, H., Yan, Y., and Zhang, X. (2019d). Iron-loaded carbon nanotube-microfibrous composite for catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of m-cresol in a fixed bed reactor. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 27: 1–14, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-07362-6.Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Yang, Y., Yan, Y., Zhang, H., and Wu, X. (2020). Catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of phenol on Fe-ZSM-5/PSSF membrane catalysts: effect of framework Fe by hydrothermal synthesis. Separ. Purif. Technol. 237: 116452, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2019.116452.Search in Google Scholar

Yin, K., Zhang, H., and Yan, Y. (2019). High efficiency of toluene adsorption over a novel ZIF-67 membrane coating on paper-like stainless steel fibers. J. Solid State Chem. 279: 120976, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssc.2019.120976.Search in Google Scholar

Yoon, J., Chae, S.K., and Kim, J. (2007). Colorimetric sensors for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) based on conjugated polymer-embedded electrospun fibers. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129: 3038–3039, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja067856+.10.1021/ja067856+Search in Google Scholar PubMed

Yousefi, M., Gholamian, F., Ghanbari, D., and Salavati-Niasari, M. (2011). Polymeric nanocomposite materials: preparation and characterization of star-shaped PbS nanocrystals and their influence on the thermal stability of acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS) copolymer. Polyhedron 30: 1055–1060, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.poly.2011.01.012.Search in Google Scholar

Yu, F., Shi, H., Shi, J., Teng, K., Xu, Z., and Qian, X. (2020). High-performance forward osmosis membrane with ultra-fast water transport channel and ultra-thin polyamide layer. J. Membr. Sci. 616: 118611, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2020.118611.Search in Google Scholar

Zhang, D., Zhang, H., and Yan, Y. (2017a). Facile fabrication of NaX zeolite film on PSSF as a potential structured catalyst support. Chem. Eng. Res. Des. 127: 81–91, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2017.09.011.Search in Google Scholar

Zhang, H., Luo, C., and Yan, Y. (2017b). Adsorption dynamics of isopropanol in structured fixed bed with microfibrous ZSM-5 zeolite structured composite. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 80: 779–786, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2017.09.020.Search in Google Scholar

Zhang, Y., Zhang, H., and Yan, Y. (2019). Catalytic oxidation of tricholoethylene over Cr/ZSM‐5/PSSF zeolite membrane catalysts prepared by chemical vapor deposition. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 94: 1585–1592, https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.5925.Search in Google Scholar

Zhang, Z., Shao, C., Sun, Y., Mu, J., Zhang, M., Zhang, P., Guo, Z., Liang, P., Wang, C., and Liu, Y. (2012). Tubular nanocomposite catalysts based on size-controlled and highly dispersed silver nanoparticles assembled on electrospun silica nanotubes for catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol. J. Mater. Chem. 22: 1387–1395, https://doi.org/10.1039/c1jm13421c.Search in Google Scholar

Zhou, C., Zhang, H., Yan, Y., and Zhang, X. (2017). Catalytic combustion of acetone over Cu/LTA zeolite membrane coated on stainless steel fibers by chemical vapor deposition. Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 248: 139–148, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2017.04.020.Search in Google Scholar

Zhao, G., Hu, H., Deng, M., Ling, M., and Lu, Y. (2011a). Au/Cu-fiber catalyst with enhanced low-temperature activity and heat transfer for the gas-phase oxidation of alcohols. Green Chem. 13: 55–58, https://doi.org/10.1039/c0gc00679c.Search in Google Scholar

Zhao, G., Hu, H., Deng, M., and Lu, Y. (2011b). Galvanic deposition of Au on Paperlike Cu fiber for high‐efficiency, low‐temperature gas‐phase oxidation of alcohols. ChemCatChem 3: 1629–1636, https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201100138.Search in Google Scholar

Zhu, W.H., Durben, P.J., and Tatarchuk, B.J. (2002). Microfibrous nickel substrates and electrodes for battery system applications. J. Power Sources 111: 221–231, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-7753(02)00299-9.Search in Google Scholar

Zhu, W.H., Poole, B.A., Cahela, D.R., and Tatarchuk, B.J. (2003). New structures of thin air cathodes for zinc–air batteries. J. Appl. Electrochem. 33: 29–36, https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1022986707273.10.1023/A:1022986707273Search in Google Scholar

Zinatloo-Ajabshir, S., Salavati-Niasari, M., and Zinatloo-Ajabshir, Z. (2016). Nd2Zr2O7–Nd2O3 nanocomposites: new facile synthesis, characterization and investigation of photocatalytic behaviour. Mater. Lett. 180: 27–30, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2016.05.094.Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2020-12-12
Accepted: 2021-05-12
Published Online: 2021-07-26
Published in Print: 2023-01-27

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Downloaded on 28.1.2023 from https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/revce-2020-0109/html
Scroll Up Arrow