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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter December 15, 2021

Recent advances in dual-filler mixed matrix membranes

  • Nicholaus Prasetya , Nurul Faiqotul Himma , Putu Doddy Sutrisna and I Gede Wenten ORCID logo EMAIL logo


Mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) have been widely developed as an attractive solution to overcome the drawbacks found in most polymer membranes, such as permeability-selectivity trade-off and low physicochemical stability. Numerous fillers based on inorganic, organic, and hybrid materials with various structures including porous or nonporous, and two-dimensional or three-dimensional, have been used. Demanded to further improve the characteristics and performances of the MMMs, the use of dual-filler instead of a single filler has then been proposed, from which multiple effects could be obtained. This article aims to review the recent development of MMMs with dual filler and discuss their performances in diverse potential applications. Challenges in this emerging field and outlook for future research are finally provided.

Corresponding author: I Gede Wenten, Research Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia; and Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia, E-mail:


The authors would like to acknowledge Zachary P. Smith and his research group from the Department of Chemical Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology for their assistance to improve the quality of this article.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: I G. W. acknowledges the funding from Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia under World Class University Programme managed by Institute of Technology Bandung.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.


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Received: 2021-03-08
Accepted: 2021-08-20
Published Online: 2021-12-15
Published in Print: 2023-04-25

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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