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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published online by De Gruyter November 11, 2022

Screen-printed electrochemical sensors for environmental monitoring of heavy metal ion detection

  • Upasana Choudhari , Shweta Jagtap EMAIL logo , Niranjan Ramgir EMAIL logo , Anil K. Debnath and Kunal P. Muthe

Abstract

Heavy metal ions (HMIs) are known to cause severe damages to the human body and ecological environment. And considering the current alarming situation, it is crucial to develop a rapid, sensitive, robust, economical and convenient method for their detection. Screen printed electrochemical technology contributes greatly to this task, and has achieved global attention. It enabled the mass transmission rate and demonstrated ability to control the chemical nature of the measure media. Besides, the technique offers advantages like linear output, quick response, high selectivity, sensitivity and stability along with low power requirement and high signal-to-noise ratio. Recently, the performance of SPEs has been improved employing the most effective and promising method of the incorporation of different nanomaterials into SPEs. Especially, in electrochemical sensors, the incorporation of nanomaterials has gained extensive attention for HMIs detection as it exhibits outstanding features like broad electrochemical window, large surface area, high conductivity, selectivity and stability. The present review focuses on the recent progress in the field of screen-printed electrochemical sensors for HMIs detection using nanomaterials. Different fabrication methods of SPEs and their utilization for real sample analysis of HMIs using various nanomaterials have been extensively discussed. Additionally, advancement made in this field is also discussed taking help of the recent literature.


Corresponding authors: Shweta Jagtap, Department of Instrumentation Science, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune 411007, India, E-mail: ; Niranjan Ramgir, Technical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, India; and Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai 400094, India, E-mail:

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: The authors would like to thank “Board of Research in Nuclear Science (BRNS)” for funding under core research grant (CRG) (59/20/02/2020-BRNS/59001).

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.

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Received: 2022-01-27
Accepted: 2022-07-15
Published Online: 2022-11-11

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