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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published online by De Gruyter October 31, 2022

Strategies adopted for the preparation of sodium alginate–based nanocomposites and their role as catalytic, antibacterial, and antifungal agents

Khalida Naseem ORCID logo EMAIL logo , Mudassir Hussain Tahir , Fatima Farooqi , Suryyia Manzoor and Saba Urooge Khan

Abstract

Alginate extracted from the marine brown algae is a massively utilized biopolymer in multiple fields such as microreactors for the fabrication of metal nanoparticles along with other polymeric and nonpolymeric materials to enhance their mechanical strength. These sodium alginate (Na-Alg)-based fabricated nanocomposites find applications in the field of catalysis and biological treatment as antibacterial/antifungal agent due to the synergistic properties of Na-Alg and fabricated metal nanoparticles (NPs). Na-Alg offers mechanical strength and nanoparticles provide high reactivity due to their small size. Sodium alginate exhibits hydroxyl and carboxylate functional groups that can easily interact with the metal nanoparticles to form composite particles. The research on the preparation of Na-Alg–based nanoparticles and nanoaggregates have been started recently but developed quickly due to their extensive applications in different fields. This review article encircles different methods of preparation of sodium alginate–based metal nanocomposites; analytical techniques reported to monitor the formation of these nanocomposites and used to characterize these nanocomposites as well as applications of these nanocomposites as catalyst, antibacterial, and antifungal agent.


Corresponding author: Khalida Naseem, Department of Basic and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Central Punjab, Lahore 54000, Pakistan, E-mail:

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.

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Received: 2022-04-06
Accepted: 2022-08-05
Published Online: 2022-10-31

© 2022 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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