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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter September 10, 2012

Arsenic and human health: epidemiologic progress and public health implications

Maria Argos, Habibul Ahsan and Joseph H. Graziano

Abstract

Elevated concentrations of arsenic in groundwater pose a public health threat to millions of people worldwide, including severely affected populations in South and Southeast Asia. Although arsenic is an established human carcinogen and has been associated with a multitude of health outcomes in epidemiologic studies, a mode of action has yet to be determined for some aspects of arsenic toxicity. Herein, we emphasize the role of recent genetic and molecular epidemiologic investigations of arsenic toxicity. Additionally, we discuss considerations for the public health impacts of arsenic exposure through drinking water with respect to primary and secondary prevention efforts.


Corresponding author: Maria Argos, PhD, Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland Avenue, MC2007, Chicago, IL 60637, USA Phone: +1-773-834-8601

Received: 2012-7-6
Accepted: 2012-8-14
Published Online: 2012-09-10
Published in Print: 2012-12-01

©2012 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston