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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter November 27, 2015

Electrohypersensitivity: a functional impairment due to an inaccessible environment

  • Olle Johansson EMAIL logo


In Sweden, electrohypersensitivity is recognized as a functional impairment which implies only the environment as the culprit. The Swedish view provides persons with this impairment a maximal legal protection, it gives them the right to get accessibility measures for free, as well as governmental subsidies and municipality economic support, and to provide them with special Ombudsmen (at the municipality, the EU, and the UN level, respectively), the right and economic means to form disability organizations and allow these to be part of national and international counterparts, all with the simple and single aim to allow persons with the functional impairment electrohypersensitivity to live an equal life in a society based on equality. They are not seen as patients, the do not have an overriding medical diagnosis, but the ‘patient’ is only the inferior and potentially toxic environment. This does not mean that a subjective symptom of a functionally impaired can not be treated by a physician, as well as get sick-leave from their workplace as well as economic compensation, and already in the year 2000 such symptoms were identified in the Internal Code of Diagnoses, version 10 (ICD-10; R68.8/now W90), and have been since. But the underlying cause still remains only the environment.

Corresponding author: Olle Johansson, The Experimental Dermatology Unit, Karolinska Institute, Department of Neuroscience, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden, Phone: +46-(0)8-52 48 70 73, Fax: +46-(0)8-31 11 01, E-mail:


Supported by the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, and a grant from Mr. Einar Rasmussen, Kristiansand S, Norway. Mr. Brian Stein, Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire, UK, the Irish Campaign against Microwave Pollution, and the Irish Doctors Environmental Association (IDEA; Cumann Comhshaoil Dhoctuirı na hEireann) are gratefully acknowledged for their general support.


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Received: 2015-7-14
Accepted: 2015-11-2
Published Online: 2015-11-27
Published in Print: 2015-12-1

©2015 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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