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Climate beast: a potential threat for repercussions of disease status in Pakistan

  • Mahwish Ali EMAIL logo , Syeda Mehpara Farhat , Rida Fatima Saeed , Deeba Amraiz , Sabba Mehmood and Samina Akbar


Pakistan is amongst the developing countries, which have been strongly affected by several emerging and re-emerging disease outbreaks as a consequence of climate change. Various studies have clearly demonstrated the impact of climate change on human health in Pakistan. This has increased the rate of morbidity and mortality, related not only to vector-borne, water-borne and food-borne diseases but has also contributed to the prevalence of neurological, cardiovascular and respiratory disorders. It is therefore important to take adequate measurements for water management and improve sanitary conditions especially in case of natural disasters. In order to effectively control the emerging and re-emerging infections in the country, an early, more Rigorous response is required, by the national health department, to monitor and evaluate the spread of infections in future. Therefore, precise planning and management strategies should be defined in order to circumvent the damage caused by the natural disasters associated with climate changes. This mini-review gives an overview about the public health issues associated with environmental change with special reference to Pakistan. This will provide a baseline for policymakers to develop public health surveillance programs in Pakistan.

Corresponding author: Mahwish Ali, PhD, Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Medical Sciences, Rawalpindi46000, Pakistan, Phone: +92 51 5124950, E-mail:

  1. Research funding: Authors state no funding involved.

  2. Author contributions: All authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this manuscript and approved its submission.

  3. Competing interests: Authors state no conflict of interest.

  4. Informed consent: Informed consent is not applicable.

  5. Ethical approval: The conducted research is not related to either human or animal use.


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Received: 2020-08-24
Accepted: 2021-01-05
Published Online: 2021-02-01
Published in Print: 2021-06-25

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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