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Air pollutants and impairments of male reproductive health-an overview

  • Sunil Kumar ORCID logo EMAIL logo , Anupama Sharma ORCID logo EMAIL logo and Riddhi Thaker

Abstract

Excessive air pollution, both ambient and indoor are might be detrimental to human wellbeing and are related to morbidity and mortality, it may also affect the reproductive function and its outcome. It is a recognized fact that air pollution contains several toxicants, gases, particulate matter, toxic metals etc. Some of them might affect reproductive and developmental process and a few are persistent. The information accessible on air pollution to human male reproduction is stated to affect semen quality by diminishing one or more sperm quality parameters i.e., sperm morphology, concentration, motility etc. and may causes sperm DNA damage, these might alter the fertility potential which in turn affect pregnancy or its outcome. The impact might be related to the pollutant’s concentration and duration of exposure. The data on impact of air contamination on endocrine function are inadequate, inconsistence and the diversity of existence of air contaminants in area to area and multiplicity in semen quality parameters assessed in various studies as well as study design variables complicated the problem of evaluation of impact of air pollution on male reproduction. The data available suggests the air pollution is might be injurious to human male reproductive health, which depends upon amounts of air pollutants in the air, duration of exposure etc. but more comprehensive data are needed to substantiate the findings. The data are also needed on indoor air pollution on reproduction as people are might be subjected to greater quantities of some of the indoor air pollutants as compared to ambient air pollution.


Corresponding authors: Dr. Sunil Kumar, MSc. PhD (Former Director I/C & Scientist ‘G’), A-10, Radhey Kunj Apartment, Shahi Baugh, Ahmedabad, 380004, India; and National Institute of Occupational Health (ICMR), Ahmedabad, 380016, India, Phone: +91 79 22864939, +91 94 26395738, E-mail: ; and Anupama Sharma, MSc. PhD (Former PDF), NIOH, Ahmedabad, India, Phone: +91 89498 59934, E-mail:

Funding source: Department of Science and Technology

Funding source: Department of Biotechnology

Funding source: Government of India

  1. Research funding: One of the authors (SK) is thankful to Department of Science and Technology, Department of Biotechnology, Indian Council of Medical Research, Government of India for providing the financial provision in the form of several ad hoc projects on various aspects of reproduction. However, no financial support is attained for the compilation of this work.

  2. Author contributions: All authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this manuscript and approved its submission.

  3. Competing interests: Authors state no conflict of interest.

  4. Informed consent: Not applicable.

  5. Ethical approval: Not applicable.

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Supplementary Material

The online version of this article offers supplementary material (https://doi.org/10.1515/reveh-2020-0136).


Received: 2020-10-05
Accepted: 2021-01-05
Published Online: 2021-02-03
Published in Print: 2021-12-20

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